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116 terms

MT3

Naminals
STUDY
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Phylum Porifera
Sponges
Classes in Phylum Cnidaria
Scyphozoa, Anthozoa, Hydrozoa
Bind gut?
Cnidaria,
Gastrovascular cavity?
Cnidaria
Hydrostatic skeleton?
Cnidaria, cephalopoda,
Radial Symmedry
Cnidaria
How many layers of tissue do cndarians have?
2
What do cnidarians use for stinging?
Nematocysts
Digestion is __________ in cndiarians
extracellular
1st phylum to have muscles and nerves?
Cndiaria
Class Anthozoa
Coral and Sea Anemone
Which Class has photosynthetic endosymbionts?
anthozoa
Polyps?
Anthozoa, Hydrozoa, Scyphozoa,
Freshwater cnidarians
Hydrozoa
Ctenophores have _________ for feeding instead of nematocysts
ctenes
What is different about ctenophores?
Compete gut
What are the classes of Mollusca?
Bivalvia
Gastropoda
Polypacophora
Cephalopoda
Coelom?
Mollusca, Annelida, Echinodermata, Vertebrata
Bivalvia animals
clams, scallops, oysters, mollusks
Molluscan animals that lack radula
Bivalvia
Molluscan animals that exhibit torsion
gastropoda
Molluscan animals that have 8 overlapping plates and suction to rocks
Polyplacophora (Chitons)
Mollusca that have cephalization, closed circulatory system?
Cephalopoda
Closed circulatory system?
Cephalopoda, Annelida, Vertebrata
The flatworms phyla
Platyhelminthes
1st to have bilateral symmetry?
Platyhelminthes
1st to evolve true mesoderm?
Platyhelminthes
Tripoblastic worms
Platyhelminthes
Classes of Platyhelimthes?
Tubellaria, Trematoda, Mongenea, Cestoda
Simplest flatworms
Tubellaria
Planarians are in this phylum and class
Platyhelminthes , Tubellaria
Have eyespots and flame cells?
Tubellaria
The flukes class and phylum
Phylum Platyhelminthes Class Trematoda
Behavior modification?
Class trematoda, phylum nematomorpha
Class that causes schistosomiasis?
Trematoda
Tapeworms class
Cestoda
Scolex and protoglottids class?
Cestoda
Cuticle?
Nematoda
Complete gut?
Ctenophora, Nematoda, Nemertea, Echinodermata
Ascaris and heartworm Phylum?
Nematoda
Horsehair worms phylum
nematomorpha
Parasitoid phylum
nematomorpha
Segmented worms phylum
Annelida
Have ganglion, circulatory system, nephridia, muscles, true coelom, setae?
Phylum Annelida
Classes of Annelida
Polychaeta, Oligochaeta, Hirudinea, Pogonophora,
Class that has parapodia? What phylum?
Polychaeta, Annelida
Common earthworm class and phylum?
Annelida Oligochaeta
Leech class and phylum
Hirudinea Annelida
Class that has a posterior sucker?
Hirudinea
Ribbon worm phylum?
Nemertea
Simplest phylum with circulatory and vascular system?
Nemertea
Feeds with proboscis?
Nemertea
What phyla has nauplius larvae?
crustacea
What covers the head and thorax of crstacea?
carapace
What are the groups of crustacea?
decapods, isopods, amphipods, copepods, barnacles
What group of crustacean is a lobster?
Decapod
What group of crustacean is a pillbug?
Isopod
What group of crustacean is a sand flea?
Amphipods
What group of crustacean are zooplankton?
copepods
What phylum is first to evolve flight?
Hexapoda
What are the classes of of Hexapoda?
Apterygota, Pterygota, Odontata
What phylum has trachea and spiracles for gas exchange?
Hexapoda
Open circulatory system
Hexapoda
What phylum has malpighian tubules?
Hexapoda
What class are wingless insects (ie. silverfish) in?
Apterygota
What class are winged insects in?
Pterygota
What is the only order of pterygota that cannot fold its wings against its body?
Odontata
What order are the dragonflies in?
Odontata
What phylum are spiders, mites, horseshoe crabs, and sea spiders in?
Chelicerata
What is the sea spider class?
Pycnogonidia
What is the spider class?
Arachnidia
What Phylum has an abdomen and a cephalothorax
Chelicerata
What are claws used for grabbing and shredding food called?
Chelicerae
Pycogonidia lack specialized __________ and _________ systems.
respiratory and excretory
What class has book lungs for gas exchange?
arachnida
What phylum are the centipedes and millipedes in?
Myriapoda
What phylum has a head and a trunk?
Myriapoda
What are the classes of echinodermata?
Echinoidea, Holothuroidea, Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea
What phylum has a water vascular system?
Echinodermata
What phylum has calcified internal skeletons formed from mesoderm?
Echinodermata
Echinodermata lack ______ systems, have rudimentary _______ systems and poorly developed ________ systems
respiratory, circulatory, nervous
What class has the aristotle's lantern for feeding?
Echinoidea
What is the sea urchin and sand dollar class?
Echinoidea
What class has calcareous occicles embedded in body wall?
Holothuroidea
What class is the sea cucumbers?
Holothuroidea
What class exhibits evisceration?
Holothuroidea
What is the sea star class?
Asteroidea
What class is capable of regeneration with the srap gene?
Asteroidea
What class is the brittle stars?
Ophiuroidea
What is the acorn worm phylum?
Hemichordata
What phylum has pharyngeal slits for respiratory structure and burrows?
Hemicordata
Deuterostomes?
Hemichordata
What do all chordates have
Dorsal hollow nerve cord, notochord, post-anal tail
What are the subphyla of chordata?
Urochordata
Cephalochordata
Vertebrata
What groups do the tunicates belong to?
Phylum Chordata Subphylum Urochordata
What phylum includes the most primitive true animal chordates?
Urochordata
Lost nerve cord and notochord in adult form ?
Urochordata
What subphyla are the lancelets?
Cephalochordata
Persistant notochord in adult chordate subphyla?
Cephalochordata (lancelets)
Have myomeres?
Cephalochordata (lancelets)
What are the classes of the Vertebrata (common names)?
Lampreys, placoderms, sharks, bony fish
Have a vertebral column?
Vertebrata
What are the jawless fish?
Lampreys
What are the jawed and heavily armored fish?
Placoderms
Are the placoerms extinct?
Yes
Cartilaginous fishes?
Sharks
Have jaws
Sharks
Trout, salmon, tuna group
bony fish
Have a bone internal skeleton
bony fish
Ancestral form of land animals
Lungfish
Lungfish used ______ as primative lungs
swim bladder
Tetrapod Classes
Amphibia
Reptilia
Aves
Mammalia
Most basic tetrapod
Amphibia
Have amniote egg, water-tight skin, and kidneys that concentrate urine
Reptilia
Have feathers, light bones
Aves
Homeothermy, mammary glands, sweat glands, 4-chambered heart
Mammalia