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SAT vocab #2

abase (v)
1. to reduce or lower as in rank, office, reputation, or estimation; humble; degrade
alchemy (n)
1. an early combination of magic, chemistry, and philosophy from the Middle Ages, the main purposes of which were to turn base metals into gold and to find the elixir for eternal youth
2. a process or power for turning one thing into a better thing as if by miraculous means
aplomb (n)
1. self-confident assurance; poise
2. the perpendicular, or vertical position
authoritarian (adj)
1. characterized by or favoring absolute obedience to authority, as against individual freedom
bog (n)
1. wet, spongy area of ground, noted for smelly decaying mosses that form peat
2. v. to get stuck in; mired
chagrin (n)
1. strong feelings of embarrassment
2. v. cause to feel shame; hurt the pride of
callow (adj)
1. immature or inexperienced
2. featherless; unfledged
3. n. a recently hatched worker ant
catharsis (n)
1. the act or process of removing strong or violent emotions by expressing them through writing, talking, acting etc.
complacency (n)
1. a feeling of quiet pleasure or security, often while unaware of some potential danger, defect, or the like; self-satisfaction or smug satisfaction with an existing situation
concert (n)
1. a mutual agreement; concord; togetherness of action
2. a music program in which a number of musicians perform together
confluence (n)
1. a flowing together of two or more streams
2. the point of juncture of such streams
3. a coming together of people or things
4. a crowd or throng; assemblage
conventional (adj)
1. growing out of custom or normal usage; customary
2. conforming to accepted standards, rather than natural
deferment (n)
1. a postponement; a putting off to a later time
discourse (n)
1. exchange of ideas, information, etc. usually through talking
2. a long, formal speech or essay on a subject
3. dissertation
4. v. to carry on a talk; confer
5. v. to speak or write formally and at some length
ebb (n)
1. a gradual decline
2. v. flow back or recede; to decline or decay
elusive (adj)
1. eluding clear perception or complete mental grasp; hard to express or define
2. cleverly or skillfully evasive
enigmatic (adj)
1. of or like a puzzle; perplexing; baffling
enjoin (v)
1. to prescribe with authority or emphasis
2. to direct or order to do something
equivocal (adj)
1. capable of being interpreted in more than one way; purposely vague; obscure
2. uncertain; doubtful
3. questionable conduct
exemplary (adj)
1. a model; worthy of imitation
2. serving as a warning
3. acting as a sample, illustration, etc.
facade (n)
1. the front of a building
2. a false, superficial appearance
frenetic (adj)
1. excessively agitated; distraught with fear or violent emotion; frantic
humane (adj)
1. characterized by tenderness, compassion, and sympathy for people and animals, esp. for the suffering or distressed
indecorous (adj)
1. lacking propriety; lacking correctness; not in good taste; unseemly
insolvent (adj)
1. unable to meet debts or discharge liabilities; bankrupt
interject (v)
1. to insert between other things; interpose
lambaste (v)
1. to beat or whip severely; thrash
2. to reprimand or berate harshly; censure; excoriate
languid (adj)
1. lacking vitality; drooping; weak
2. lacking interest
3. indifferent; sluggish
lithe (adj)
1. moving and bending with ease
2. marked by effortless grace
menial (adj)
1. lowly and sometimes degrading
2. servile; submissive
3. pertaining to or suitable for domestic servants
mutter (v)
1. to speak in a low, indistinct voice
2. to complain; to say something in low, angry tones
nostalgia (n)
1. a wistful desire to return in thought or in fact to a former time in one's life, to one's home or homeland, or to one's family and friends; a sentimental yearning for the happiness of a former place or time
odious (adj)
1. deserving or causing hatred, loathing
2. highly offensive; repugnant; disgusting
pariah (n)
1. an undesirable; one despised and rejected by others; an outcast
2. a member of the lowest social caste in India
periphery (n)
1. the edge; an outside boundary line; the perimeter
2. an outside surface, especially of a spherical object
3. the immediate surrounding territory; outskirts
philistine (adj)
1. uncultured and smugly conventional
2. small town people; locals
pluck (n)
1. courage to meet difficulties or danger
2. v. to pull out or pick feathers
prolong (v)
1. to lengthen out in time; extend the duration of; cause to continue longer
prudent (adj)
1. wise in handling practical matters; exercising good judgment or common sense
2. careful in regard to one's own conduct
recapitulate (v)
1. to review by a brief summary, as at the end of a speech or discussion
2. summarize
restitution (n)
1. a sum of money paid in compensation for loss or injury
2. the act of restoring something to its original state
3. getting something back again
ribald (adj)
1. vulgar or indecent in speech
sensual (adj)
1. pertaining to, or inclined to, or preoccupied with the gratification of the senses or the appetites
2. suggesting sexuality
3. lacking in moral or spiritual interests; worldly
setback (n)
1. an unanticipated or sudden check in progress; a change from better to worse
stern (adj)
1. hard, harsh, or severe in manner/character
2. grim, gloomy, or forbidding in appearance or outlook
subdue (v)
1. to conquer and subjugate; vanquish
2. to quiet or bring under control by physical force or persuasion
3. to make less intense or prominent; tone down
thwart (v)
1. to oppose successfully; prevent from accomplishing a purpose
2. to frustrate or baffle
3. adj. eager to oppose; perverse
torpid (adj)
1. inactive or sluggish
2. slow; dull; apathetic; lethargic
3. dormant, as a hibernating animal
transparent (adj)
1. capable of being seen through; passing light through so as to be able to distinctly see what is on the other side
2. easily understood; very clear; obvious
turpitude (n)
1. vile, shameful, or base character; depravity
2. any instance of the forgoing
unscathed (adj)
1. not injured or harmed
upshot (n)
1. the final issue, the conclusion, or the result
2. the central idea or point; the gist
vapid (adj)
1. lacking or having lost life, sharpness, or flavor
2. insipid; flat
3. without liveliness or spirit; dull or tedious
viscid (adj)
1. thick and adhesive
2. covered with a sticky or clammy coating
wrath (n)
1. strong, stern, or fierce anger
2. vengeance or punishment as the consequence of anger
opaque (adj)
1. incapable of allowing light to pass through
2. hard to understand; not clear or lucid; obscure
amicable (adj)
1. feeling friendly; demonstrating goodwill; peaceable
enamored (adj)
1. charmed or fascinated
2. filled or inflamed with love
inimical (adj)
1. injurious or harmful in effect
2. unfavorable
3. unfriendly; hostile
paramour (n)
1. a lover, especially one in an adulterous relationship
criminology (n)
1. the scientific study of crime and criminal behavior and law enforcement
decriminalize (v)
1. to reduce or abolish criminal penalties
incriminate (v)
1. to show evidence of involvement in a crime or a fault
recrimination (n)
1. a countercharge against an accuser
approbation (n)
1. an expression of warm approval; praise
disprove (v)
1. to prove to be false or wrong
probity (n)
1. integrity and uprightness; honesty
reprobate (n)
1. a depraved, unprincipled, or wicked person
2. a person rejected by God and beyond hope of salvation