Media History — Visual Revolution

camera obscura
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Oscar Wilde copyright controversy-the photo was widely reproduced without permission -Burrow-Giles case that put photography under copyright protection in 1884. -the company made a lithograph and argued that it wasn't really art, so it was okay. -court ruled against itdry plates1879, glass negative plate with a dried gelatin emulsion. could be stored for some time -light was absorbed quickly so hand held cameras were now possible -first cameras only allowed a single copy of the photo to be taken and were expensiveWhen photographers no longer needed technicians, what did they do?-they hired technicians to develop their photographsFlexible roll film-George Eastman pioneered photographic film -started manufacturing paper film in 1885 -switched to celluloid in 1889Eastman's first camera-the Kodak -first offered for sale in 1888 -it was a simple box camera with a fixed-focus lens and single shutter speed -low priceThe Kodak-came pre-loaded with enough film for 100 exposures -sent back to factory for processing -"You press the button, we do the rest."When did photography become available for the mass market?-1901 -introduction of the Kodak BrownieThe wirephoto-1921 -made it possible to transmit pictures quicklyGolden age of photojournalism-35mm Leica camera in 1925 -first flash bulbs b/w 1927 and 1930Utilitarianismthe most good for the most people (show the horrors because doing so may bring about significant change)Kant's Categorical Imperativeyou can't deceive a trusting audience with manipulated reality (seeing is believing)