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50 terms

SAT Vocab Set 2

Chapters 10-14
STUDY
PLAY
auspicious
favorable and promising; accompanied by good omens
evocative
characterized by using the power of imagination to call forth a memory
enigma
a riddle shrouded in mystery and thus something that is puzzling and inscrutable
superficial
shallow; lacking intellectual or emotional depth
precocious
characterized by the exceptionally early development or maturity of a talent
stigmatize
to brand or mark as inferior
infinitesimal
incalculably small; MINUSCULE
vitriolic
characterized by a harsh and nasty tone; scathing
proliferate
to grow rapidly; multiply quickly
resplendent
characterized by great beauty, splendor, and dazzling jewel-like colors; not DRAB
exhort
to spur on; to encourage
ameliorate
to improve; make better
compunction
a feeling of deep regret caused by a sense of guilt; great remorse
mendacity
the trait of being deliberately untruthful
fortuitous
an accidental but lucky chance; filled with good fortune
debacle
a complete disaster; a FIASCO
understatement
a figure of speech in which a writer or speaker deliberately makes a situation seem less important or serious than it is
perfunctory
characterized by casual indifference; performing in a routine manner
austerity
great self-denial, especially when refraining from spending
indigenous
a plant, animal, or person that is native to an area
litany
a long and familiar list often recited by rote
estrange
to alienate; drive apart
gregarious
marked by a liking for companionship; sociable
impasse
a deadlock or stalemate
anomaly
a deviation from a common pattern; a departure from the norm; something that is atypical and thus ABERRANT
eschew
to deliberately avoid something
preclude
make impossible, especially beforehand; to prevent or to FORESTALL something from happening
posthumous
occurring or coming into existence after a person's death
impetus
the moving force behind something; a stimulus that moves something along
pristine
immaculately clean; unspoiled; free from contamination
erroneous
incorrect; mistaken; wrong; filled with errors
admonish
to counsel against, to earnestly warn
demarcate
to clearly set or mark the boundaries of a group or geographic area
foster
to promote and encourage
florid
excessively ornamental; as in a very flowery style of writing; neither plain nor STARK
churlish
characterized by surly and rude behavior; sullen and devoid of CIVILITY
prolific
characterized by great productivity
provisional
temporary; not permanent
pastoral
an idealized portrayal of country life; rustic; bucolic
convivial
characterized by being full of life and good company; jovial and festive
burgeon
to rapidly grow and multiply; to FLOURISH
confound
to perplex and confuse; to leave baffled and BEWILDERED
bemoan
to moan and groan; to express great regret; to LAMENT
vignette
a brief literary sketch
quiescent
marked by inactivity and quiet; a state of tranquility
acrimonious
marked by bitter and strong resentment; rancorous in tone
rancid
having a rotten taste or smell; sour
largesse
generous giving; liberal bestowing of gifts
epiphany
an unexpected moment of sudden inspiration
vindicate
to justify or prove something's worth