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recuperate (v)

to recover or get back to health or strength; it can also mean to recover financial losses

recurrent (adj)

appearing or occurring again and again or periodically

redeem (v)

to buy back, to get back, or to recover

redoubtable (adj)

commanding respect or fearsome

redress (n)

compensation for a wrong-doing

referendum (n)

a vote or submitting to a vote

refractory (adj)

hard to manage, uncontrollable, or disobedient, usually said of a person or animal

refrain (v)

to hold back or keep oneself from something

refurbish (v)

to brighten, to renovate, or polish up

regale (v)

to entertain lavishly, especially with a pleasant feast

regeneration (n)

renewal, rebirth or reformation

regimen (n)

a regulated system of doing something, often of diet and exercise for maintaining or improving one's health

rehabilitate (v)

to restore or put back into good condition, often to a normal state of health or activity

reimburse (v)

to pay back money spent or to compensate a person for expenses, damages, or losses

relegate (trv)

to assign to a lower order of or to a lower position; demote

relic (n)

a keepsake from the past, something which has survived deterioration

relinquish (v)

to surrender something owned, or to give up or to abandon something, such as a plan

remediable (adj)

that which can be cured, healed, or set right

remission (n)

a lessening or disappearance of symptoms of a disease

remonstrance (n)

the act or instance of protest or complaint

remorse (n)

a deep sense of guilt or regret felt over doing wrong

renaissance (n)

a rebirth, revival or transformation

render (v)

to give, to hand over, or to deliver; it can also mean to depict, as in a drawing

renegade (n)

someone who abandons a movement, or a group which has specific principles, and become its opposer

renege (v)

to back out of an agreement or fail to keep a promise

renovate (v)

to make fresh, whole, or sound again

repeal (v)

to withdraw officially or formally, or to call back; it can also mean to abolish

reprisal (n)

inflicting injury on someone for a previous insult

reproach (trv)

to blame someone for a fault, to accuse or scold

requiem (n)

a mass for a deceased person or the musical setting for the mass; it can also mean a farewell to someone

rescind (v)

to revoke or cancel

reside (v)

to live somewhere

resilient (adj)

springing back into shape, or quickly recover one's strength or spirits

resolute (adj)

showing or having a fixed purpose

resound (v)

to make a loud noise

resplendent (adj)

shining brightly

resurrection (n)

the state of having risen from the dead or inactivity;

retard (v)

to slow something down, or to delay

reticent (adj)

silent, uncommunicative or quiet

retinue (n)

a group of assistants, followers or servants attending a person of importance

retiring (adj)

withdrawn, shy, reserved

rift (n)

an opening or break caused by a split

rind (n)

a hard outer layer on food

rout (v)

to defeat overwhelmingly; it also means to dig up or poke around

routine (n)

a regular pattern that is followed, or a habitual activity

rue (v)

to feel sorrow about or regret something

saccharine (adj)

containing or producing sugar, or being too sweet or sugary

saga (n)

a lengthy story or narrative

scabbard (n)

a case for a sword

scotch (trv)

to put an end to or to crush

scourge (n)

a whip, a method of inflicting harsh punishment, or a cause of widespread suffering

scrutinize (v)

to look at very closely or to inspect

selfdeprecating (adj)

apologetic, tending to undervalue oneself

serrated (adj)

having saw-like notches along the edge

shunt (v)

to shift something from one track or path to another

simper (v)

to smile in a silly way

skeptical (adj)

not easily persuaded or convinced

skiff (n)

a light, open boat usually propelled by oars or a sail

sneer (v)

to show dislike and be disrespectful of something

solicit (trv)

to ask for or to request, usually in earnest, to plead

somatic (adj)

relating to the body or physical

sonata (n)

a piece of classical music for one instrument

stationary (adj)

not moving or progressing, inactive

steadfast (adj)

being firm, constant or loyal

stickler (n)

someone who is insistent about something

stoke (v)

to add fuel to a fire

stolid (adj)

solemn, with little emotion

stratagem (n)

a clever plan

stratify (v)

to arrange in layers

striated (adj)

marked by grooves or stripes; it can also mean hollow or empty

stringent (adj)

rigid, controlled or strict

subdue (v)

to conquer and control

subliminal (adj)

below the threshold of consciousness

successive (adj)

following one after another in sequence

succumb (v)

to yield to something stronger

suffragist (n)

an activist for voting rights

sultry (adj)

very hot and humid

supercilious (adj)

full of pride or arrogance

supplant (v)

to replace or substitute, especially by force or treachery

supposition (n)

a guess, hypothesis or a theory

surrogate (n)

to be a substitute for something

surveillance (n)

a close watch over someone or something

svelte (adj)

elegantly slim or slender

sycophant (n)

a person who seeks favor by flattering people of wealth or power

systemic (adj)

relating to the body as a whole

tangible (adj)

that which can be touched or felt by touch

tantalize (v)

to tease with something out of reach

tarantula (n)

a large, hairy spider

tarry (v)

to be late in doing something

temporal (adj)

ordinary rather than spiritual

tendentious (adj)

biased in a certain way, partisan

tentative (adj)

hesitant or cautious; it can also mean something done as an experiment

tether (v)

to tie something or someone to something

timorous (adj)

timid and fearful

toady (n)

someone who flatters in the hopes of gaining something

tout (v)

to talk about and promote something

tractable (adj)

easily managed, taught, or controlled

trajectory (n)

the curved path of something moving through air

transcendent (adj)

far beyond normal limits

transcribe (v)

to write out or type out in full; it can also mean to translate

transgression (n)

the act of breaking the law, a command, etc. or going beyond limits and boundaries

transitional (adj)

characteristic of change; in the process of change or modulation

trappings (n)

items worn for decoration, particularly on a horse's gear, or outward indications of something

travail (n)

hard physical exertion or agony

trepidation (n)

fearful uncertainty or anxiety

trinket (n)

something small with little value

triumvirate (n)

a ruling body of three

trough (n)

a long, narrow, open container, often for holding water or food or for washing something

truism (n)

a statement, the truth of which is well-known or obvious

tryst (n)

a secret meeting between lovers

turpitude (n)

an instance of moral corruption or wickedness

tutelage (n)

guardianship or sponsorship

tycoon (n)

a very wealthy businessman

tyranny (n)

an oppressive or unjust rule or government

ubiquitous (adj)

appearing to be everywhere simultaneously

ulterior (adj)

beyond what is openly said or indicated

unanimity (n)

a complete agreement or united opinion

unassailable (adj)

something which cannot be attacked or assaulted successfully; it also means unquestionable or certain

unbridled (adj)

unrestrained or uncontrolled, wild

uncanny (adj)

supernatural, unusual or exciting wonder

undermine (v)

to injure, weaken, or impair, especially by subtle means

underwrite (v)

to agree to or show support for by signing one's name

unfrock (v)

to remove or to deprive the rank, function, or authority of a priest or minister

unilateral (adj)

involving or affecting one side or only one of several persons or parties

unimpeachable (adj)

that which cannot be questioned, doubted, or discredited

uninhibited (adj)

behavior that is free from social or moral restraints

unkempt (adj)

tangled, uncombed, or messy

unlettered (adj)

not having a good education

unmitigated (adj)

absolute, definite

unobtrusive (adj)

inconspicuous, not readily noticeable

unpalatable (adj)

unpleasant to the taste, or disagreeable

unprecedented (adj)

having no precedent or parallel, being unheard of, unique

unravel (v)

to untangle or separate; it can also mean to solve

unremitting (adj)

constant, never stopping

unrequited (adj)

not returned in the same way or to the same degree

unscathed (adj)

unharmed or safe from being injured

unseemly (adj)

offensive, not in good taste

unwieldy (adj)

difficult to hold or move because of shape, weight, or bulk

upright (adj)

standing erect; it can also mean honest and just

upstart (n)

someone of humble background who has risen suddenly to power or importance

usury (n)

the act of lending money at an high, illegal interest rate

uxorious (adj)

excessively devoted or submissive to one's wife

vagary (n)

an odd or unexpected idea or a flight of fancy

vagrant (n)

a person who wanders from place to place, or a homeless person

valedictory (adj)

expressing a farewell

vanguard (n)

people leading a movement

vantage (n)

an advantage in a conflict or competition, or a position which provides an advantage

vehement (adj)

acting or moving with great force or strong passion

venturesome (adj)

inclined to take risks or involving risks

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