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918 terms

SAT Vocab

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capricious
impulsive and unpredictable
reticent
reluctant to draw attention
partisan
devoted to or biased in support of a party, group, or cause
bombast
pompous or pretentious talk or writing
debilitated
weak and feeble
discerning
having or revealing keen insight and good judgment
disparage
to degrade, to speak of someone or something in a derogatory manner
eliminate
to get rid of; do away with
indulged
pampered, spoiled
innovative
original, new
promote
contribute to the progress or growth of
revolution
a drastic and far-reaching change in ways of thinking and behaving
speculative
not based on fact or investigation
spontaneous
said or done without having been planned or written in advance
autonomy
independence; self-determination
candid
openly straightforward and direct without reserve or secretiveness
compromise
an accommodation in which both sides make concessions
diplomacy
subtly skillful handling of a situation
eclectic
random variety
erroneous
incorrect
erudition
profound scholarly knowledge
legislation
the act of making or enacting laws
mitigated
to relieve, alleviate
nonchalant
not showing any concern or worry
opponent
a contestant that you are matched against
proximity
nearness
remorse
regret
reputation
how the public views or regards an individual
restricted
curbed or regulated
scrutiny
the act of examining something closely (as for mistakes)
anomaly
an aberration; an irregularity; a deviation
articulate
express or state clearly
characterization
portrayal; description
collaboration
the act of working together
conjecture
inference; guesswork
controversial
arousing argument, dispute, or disagreement
curative
healing
decorous
characterized by propriety and dignity and good taste in manners and conduct
defense
protection from harm
denounce
speak out against
digress
to stray from the main subject
dispassionate
impartial; calm, free from emotion
docile
easily managed, obedient, passive
dominate
to rule over by strength or power
dubious
open to doubt or suspicion
edifying
enlightening
enigma
something that baffles understanding and cannot be explained
enlighten
to inform or give new insight
eradicate
to wipe out; to destroy
fabricate
to make, build; to lie
foresee
to know in advance
foster
help develop, help grow
intentions
plans to act in a certain way
intuitive
knowing something by instinct
loquacious
extremely talkative
mercurial
liable to sudden unpredictable change
mundane
ordinary, common
ostentatious
displaying wealth
paradox
a contradiction or dilemma
pragmatic
concerned with practical matters
presumption
assumed knowledge in advance of proof
prolific
producing many things
reconcile
to reestablish friendship, to resolve a dispute
rousing
exciting, stirring
secluded
hidden from general view or use
simplistic
oversimplified
skeptic
someone who habitually doubts accepted beliefs
steadfast
firm and dependable especially in loyalty
suppresses
to hold back or keep secret
versatility
ability to do many things
acknowledge
accept as true or valid
aggressive
assertive, vigorously active, quick to attack
allege
to assert without proof or confirmation
altruism
unselfish regard for the welfare of others
ambivalence
conflicting feelings
amiable
agreeable; lovable; warmly friendly
anachronism
something out of place in time
asserts
to declare;state clearly
augment
enlarge or increase
averse
opposed; unwilling
belligerence
hostile or warlike attitude or nature
benevolent
generous in providing aid to others
bolster
support and strengthen
bungler
a clumsy or inept person
buoyed
supported and encouraged
cacophony
loud confusing disagreeable sounds
callous
emotionally hardened
cantankerous
bad-tempered; quarrelsome
cathartic
emotionally purging (of e.g. art)
chicanery
trickery or subterfuge
complacent
satisfied with a situation that should be changed or improved
comprehensive
thorough
conciliatory
making or willing to make concessions
conditional
qualified by reservations
confirm
state or prove the truth of; substantiate; verify
constitute
form or compose
contempt
open disrespect for a person or thing
convince
to be persuaded
cynical
believing the worst of human nature and motives
dearth
an insufficient quantity or number
delude
to mislead or deceive
deplete
use up (resources or materials)
derived
formed or developed from something else
despair
the feeling that everything is wrong and nothing will turn out well
dilettante
an amateur who engages in an activity without serious intentions and who pretends to have knowledge
discriminating
1. able to make fine distinctions between; having good taste, 2. favoring one side/group and acting against another
disdain
reject with contempt
disingenuous
not straightforward or candid
dispel
scatter; drive away; cause to vanish
disposition
usual outlook or mood; getting rid of something
disregard
willful lack of care and attention
disseminate
to scatter or spread widely
domestic
native to a country, not foreign; relating to the life or affairs of a household; a household servant
election
a vote to select the winner of a position or political office
elites
a group or class of persons enjoying superior intellectual or social or economic status
empathetic
feeling another's pain as one's own
environment
surroundings
esoteric
confined to and understandable by only an enlightened inner circle
exacerbate
make worse
expansion
the act of increasing (something) in size or volume or quantity or scope
experiment
to conduct a test or investigation
harmony
agreement of opinions; pleasant-sounding music
harsh
sharply disagreeable
haughty
arrogant, condescending
improvise
to do without preparation
inaccessible
not easily reached or approached; out of the way
incompetence
lack of ability
ineffable
defying expression or description
inscrutable
incapable of being understood
insightful
perceptive
instructive
serving to inform or provide knowledge
irrelevant
having no bearing on or connection with the subject at issue
irritable
easily annoyed
judicious
proceeding from good sense or judgment
meticulous
marked by extreme care in treatment of details
munificent
very generous with money
neglects
leave undone or leave out
obtrusive
pushing, demanding attention, showy
offend
cause to feel resentment or indignation
ornate
elaborately decorated
paucity
an insufficient quantity or number
penchant
a strong attraction or inclination
placid
calm, peaceful
plague
an annoyance; a pestilence; to annoy
precursor
forerunner; predecessor
preserved
kept intact or in a particular condition
prestige
a high standing achieved through success or influence or wealth etc.
profound
very deep; deeply felt; intellectually deep
prominence
importance
publicity
information intended to attract public interest
replica
a copy, close reproduction
resilience
the ability to adapt effectively in the face of threats
salvage
save from ruin, destruction, or harm
subtle
not obvious
superficial
concerned only with what is on the surface or obvious; shallow
superfluous
exceeding what is sufficient or required, excess
sustain
supply with necessities and support
toxic
poisonous
trivial
of little substance or significance
undermine
to sabotage, thwart
uniform
the same throughout in structure or composition; standardized clothing
universal
present everywhere
unpredictable
impossible to foretell
venerable
worthy of respect because of advanced age, achievement, virtue, or historical importance
verbose
wordy, very talkative
whim
a sudden wish to do something without a particular reason; a fanciful idea
absolutist
in favor of total control by a ruler
abstruse
difficult to understand; obscure
absurd
inconsistent with reason or logic or common sense
accomplished
successfully completed or brought to an end
adroit
quick or skillful or adept in action or thought
advocate
speak, plead, or argue in favour of
alleviate
to relieve, make more bearable
aloof
reserved, distant
amalgam
a combination of diverse elements; a mixture
amateur
practicing an art or occupation for the love of it, but not as a profession.
ambiguous
open to two or more interpretations
antagonistic
arousing animosity or hostility
antiquities
valuable objects from ancient times
appease
pacify or soothe; relieve
arrogant
overbearing; proud; haughty
ascertain
learn or discover with certainty
aspersion
a disparaging remark
astronomy
the study of stars and planets
astute
shrewd; clever
austere
of a stern or strict bearing or demeanor
avuncular
like an uncle in kindness or indulgence
belied
contradicted
bellicose
having or showing a ready disposition to fight
blatantly
in an extremely obvious way; conspicuously
catastrophic
disastrous
celebrates
engage in joyous activities in honor of an occasion, person or event
censure
harsh criticism or disapproval
charlatan
one who claims to know something that he does not, a quack
circumscribed
restricted or limited
circumspect
careful, cautious
circumvent
to avoid by going around
cohesive
sticking or holding together; unified
compunction
feeling of uneasiness or anxiety caused by guilt
concise
short and to the point
conclusive
forming an end or termination
condemn
denounce, criticize, judge against
condone
give tacit approval; excuse
conformity
acting according to certain accepted standards
contentious
involving or likely to cause controversy
conventional
following accepted customs and proprieties
corroborate
to confirm
cosmopolitan
worldly; sophisticated
counterfeited
to make a copy of; forge
cowardice
ignoble fear in the face of danger
cryptic
having a secret or hidden meaning
decisive
resolute; determined; settled in a final way
deliberate
by conscious design or purpose; to think over deeply
demeanor
conduct, behavior, manner
demonstrative
expressing emotion freely
depicts
describe, give a picture of
derail
obstruct; divert from its intended course
devoid
lacking; empty; entirely without
dilatory
wasting time
diligence
persistent, conscientious hard work
diminuitive
very small; tiny
dispersion
a spreading or scattering or separating
disputation
verbal controversy; debate; argument
dissent
a difference of opinion
dogma
an unproven principle or belief held to be true
eccentric
a person with an unusual or odd personality
egalitarian
believing in the social and economic equality of all people
egotistical
excessively self-absorbed; very conceited
elaborate
make more complex, intricate, or richer
elusive
be difficult to detect or grasp by the mind
embellished
to decorate; to make more interesting by adding fanciful details
emotional
showing strong feelings
endure
to carry on through despite hardships
enormous
extraordinarily large in size or extent or amount or power or degree
ensure
to make sure or certain
enthralled
to hold spellbound or captivated
equivocate
to give equal voice or consideration to two sides; to try to play something both ways
erratic
likely to perform unpredictably
established
settled securely and unconditionally
exaggerated
overstated or overdone
expedient
speedy because of convenience, not necessarily to do the right thing
expeditious
done with speed and efficiency
extolled
praised highly; exalted
extravagant
spending, costing, or using more than is required
facetious
humorous, not meant seriously
fervent
characterized by intense emotion
folly
foolish or senseless behavior
founder
a person who founds or establishes some institution; break down, literally or metaphorically
futile
useless
genre
a major category or type of literature
glorify
praise or honor
hypothetical
based on assumptions; unproven
iconoclastic
attacking cherished traditions
idiosyncratic
peculiar; unique; eccentric
illuminates
to provide light ; to make clear or understandable.
impetuous
rash, impulsive
impugned
challenged; called into question
impulsive
without forethought
inclined
disposed; willing
inclusive
containing all; not keeping any out
indecisive
characterized by lack of decision and firmness
indigenous
native to a certain area
indignant
angry at unfairness
induce
persuade; bring about
inept
generally incompetent and ineffectual
inflexible
not capable of being changed; unyielding; obstinate
innocuous
harmless, inoffensive; insignificant
insolent
boldly rude or disrespectful
intellectual
of or associated with or requiring the use of the mind
intractable
stubborn
irascible
irritable, easily angered, cranky, cross
irresolute
lacking decisiveness of character
jettison
to throw out; to discard
jingoism
fanatical patriotism
jocular
characterized by jokes and good humor
lackadaisical
lacking interest or effort
laconic
using few words
laud
praise, glorify, or honor
lobby
to try to persuade
lucid
easily understood; clear
lugbrious
mounful, dismal, or gloomy
magnanimous
generous and understanding and tolerant
maverick
someone who exhibits great independence in thought and action
memorable
worth remembering
metaphoric
used in a symbolic or non-literal way
migrate
to move from one place to another
misnomer
an unsuitable or misleading name
mollified
soothed; calmed
morality
concern with the distinction between good and evil or right and wrong
negligible
not worth considering
negotiate
to settle by discussing
noteworthy
deserving attention
novelty
originality by virtue of being new and surprising
obligated
legally or morally bound
obscure
difficult to understand; partially hidden
overlook
leave undone or leave out; watch over
pedestrian
a person who travels by foot; ordinary or dull
perfidy
faithlessness, treachery
perished
died; passed away
permissible
allowable
persistent
refusing to give up
phlegmatic
calm; sluggish; unemotional
polemic
an aggressive argument against a specific opinion
precipitous
done with very great haste and without due deliberation
precocious
exhibiting unusually early intellectual aptitude or maturity
prevail
to win
prosaic
lacking wit or imagination
prosperity
good fortune and financial success
prudent
careful and sensible
pugnacious
ready and able to resort to force or violence
pundit
an authority who expresses his/her opinions
quest
the act of searching for something
quixotic
idealistic but impractical
recessive
a trait that is hidden
reciprocate
to give in return
regressed
return to a former condition
repudiate
cast off or disown
resisted
rejected or declined
resonance
fullness of sound; familiarity
respite
a temporary period of relief from harm or discomfort
resurgence
rising again to life, use, acceptance, or prominence
retraction
cancellation of a prior statement
reverence
profound respect
rigorous
demanding strict attention to rules and procedures
sensitive
able to feel or perceive intensely
spellbound
too interested to move; fascinated
stable
maintaining equilibrium
stature
high level of respect gained by impressive development or achievement
stratagem
a maneuver in a game or conversation
stringent
demanding strict attention to rules and procedures
subdue
make subordinate, dependent, or subservient
submission
the act of yielding to the authority of another
subordinate
rank or order as less important or consider of less value
succinct
brief, concise
supercilious
having or showing arrogant superiority to and disdain of those one views as unworthy
surrender
admitting defeat
sweeping
having broad range or effect
systematic
characterized by order and planning
tacit
unspoken, silent; implied, inferred
tact
consideration in dealing with others and avoiding giving offence
tangential
merely touching or slightly connected; only superficially relevant
theoretical
lacking practical application
totalitarian
a single party and leader who suppress all opposition and control all aspects of people's lives
tranquil
free from disturbance
transform
change or alter in form, appearance, or nature
truce
a pause in fighting, temporary peace
tyrannical
characteristic of an absolute ruler or absolute rule
unequivocal
admitting of no doubt or misunderstanding
unprecedented
never done or known before
vacuous
devoid of significance or point
vast
unusually great in size or amount or degree or especially extent or scope
vindication
proving right after prior doubt
vulnerable
susceptible to attack; easily injured physically or emotionally
worldly
experienced and sophisticated; cosmopolitan
momentum
trend of moving forward with increasing speed
abashed
embarrassed, ashamed, or nonplussed
abate
to reduce in intensity or amount
abridged
shortened
accentuate
to stress, single out as important
accessible
capable of being reached or understood
acclaim
enthusiastic approval
accorded
granted
accusation
charge of crime, misdemeanor, or error.
acquiesce
to give in, to comply
activist
someone who takes direct action to achieve a political goal
adamant
not capable of being swayed or diverted from a course
adversaries
opponents, enemies
affected
speaking or behaving in an artificial way to make an impression
affluence
abundant wealth
affordable
not too expensive
afforded
gave; provided
aggregation
several things grouped together or considered as a whole
alacrity
eagerness, speed
altered
changed in form or character without being completely changed
amassed
collected or accumulated
ambitious
having a strong desire for success or achievement
analyses
break down a complex whole into its major parts
anatomy
the study of body structure
anecdotal
based on personal accounts rather than facts or research
animated
lively; spirited
anonymity
the condition of being unknown
anthology
collection of literary works
antipathy
a feeling of intense dislike
antipodes
opposite sides (of the Earth)
aplomb
great coolness and composure under strain
applauded
showed approval; clapped
apprehended
fully understood or grasped; caught and arrested
arboreal
inhabiting or relating to trees
archaeologist
a scientist who learns about ancient people by studying the things they left behind
arduous
characterized by toilsome effort to the point of exhaustion
arrest
cause to stop; bring into custody
artistic
creative or imaginative skill in the arts
artistry
a superior skill learned by study and practice and observation
ascetic
practices self denial as spiritual discipline
assuage
to make easier or milder, relieve; to quiet, calm
assumed
accepted as real or true without proof
assured
guaranteed; promised confidently
astronomical
inconceivably large; relating or belonging to the science of astronomy
atmosphere
a distinctive but intangible quality surrounding a person or thing; the mass of air surrounding the Earth
auditor
a qualified accountant who inspects the accounting records and practices of a business or other organization
authenticate
confirm as genuine
autobiographical
the story of a person's own life written by the person
averts
to prevent; to turn away
backfire
a miscalculation that recoils on its maker
banal
obvious and dull
barrage
a rapid, large-scale outpouring of something
befell
happened to
belabor
to work at or to absurd length
belittle
lessen the authority, dignity, or reputation of through criticism
beneficial
promoting or enhancing well-being
beneficiary
one who receives benefits
bereft
deprived of; made unhappy through a loss
bifurcation
division into two
boomerang
return to the initial position from where it came
breakthrough
making an important discovery
brevity
shortness, conciseness
bucolic
pleasant, idealized country life
bureaucratization
a complicated organized system; rules and regulations
bygone
well in the past
cajole
influence or urge by gentle urging, caressing, or flattering
camouflage
the act of concealing the identity of something by modifying its appearance
catalyst
something that causes an important event to happen
ceaseless
uninterrupted in time and indefinitely continuing
celebrity
a famous person
chaotic
completely unordered and unpredictable and confusing
charismatic
having or exhibiting a special magnetic charm or appeal
charity
showing kindness by giving money or gifts to organizations that need them
cheapened
to decrease the quality of
cherished
valued, prized
chronicle
report; record
churlish
rude and boorish
clairvoyant
foreseeing the future
clandestine
conducted with or marked by hidden aims or methods
coerced
to compel by force, intimidation, or authority
colleagues
fellow workers
commending
praising, speak favorably
commiseration
an expression of sympathy with another's grief
commonplace
completely ordinary and unremarkable
compatible
able to get along or work well together
compensate
to make up for; to repay for services
complex
complicated in structure
complicit
being an accomplice in a wrongful act
composite
put together from many different parts
concessions
agreements made in response to demands
concord
be in agreement
concur
to agree
conducive
supportive; encouraging; helping to bring about
conduct
lead; guide; move along
conflagration
a very intense and uncontrolled fire; an emotionally heated event
confront
deal with (something unpleasant) head on
connoisseur
an expert able to appreciate a field
conscientious
diligent and careful
consecrated
solemnly dedicated to or set apart for a high purpose
consent
permission
conservationists
people who work to protect the environment
conservatism
a political philosophy based on tradition and social stability, favoring obedience to political authority and organized religion.
conspicuous
obvious to the eye or mind
constructive
serving a useful and positive purpose
consummate
make perfect
contaminating
that infects or taints
contemplate
reflect deeply on a subject
contemporary
belonging to the present time
contend
maintain or assert
contrived
showing effects of planning or manipulation
convergence
the occurrence of two or more things coming together
convivial
festive, sociable, genial
cordial
warmth and friendliness
correlation
similarity or relationship between
corrosive
eating away; acidlike; bitterly sarcastic
corrupt
changed from good to bad
credence
belief or trust
credulity
readiness to believe
culpable
guilty
cunning
shrewdness in deception
dazzled
amazed or overwhelmed by a spectacular display
deafening
loud enough to cause (temporary) hearing loss
debate
argue
deceit
dishonesty, deception
decimation
extensive destruction
decipher
to figure out
decline
refuse to accept; grow worse
deferential
respectful and polite in a submissive way
deficient
inadequate in amount or degree
defies
boldly oppose or resist
defunct
no longer existing or functioning
deleterious
harmful, injurious
demagogue
rabble-rousing leader
democracy
a form of government in which citizens govern themselves
desolate
devastated or ravaged; despondent
deterrent
something that acts to discourage
detractor
someone who belittles something else
diametrically
in complete opposition
diaphonous
transparent, gauzy
dichotomy
a division into two parts
dictator
ruler with complete power
dictum
an authoritative declaration
diffident
lacking self-confidence
dilemma
a difficult or perplexing situation or problem
diminished
made to seem smaller or less (especially in worth)
diminishing
lessening
disaffected
having lost faith or loyalty; discontent
discard
getting rid something that is regarded as useless or undesirable
discrete
separate; unconnected
disgrace
a state of dishonor
disintegration
a separation into parts or fragments, disunity, decay
dismantle
to take apart
dismissal
being sent away; being removed from a duty, position, or employment
displayed
to show or exhibit; make visible
disposable
not worthy of being kept; easily given or thrown away; able to be easily replaced
disrepute
disgrace, loss of reputation
disrupt
interfere in someone else's activity
dissolute
loose in one's morals or behavior
distinguised
known for important things, dignified
distort
alter the shape or meaning of
distracted
having the attention diverted especially because of anxiety
divisive
creating disunity or conflict
dowager
an elderly woman of elevated social status
dupe
to deceive; a person who is easily deceived
duplicate
a copy that corresponds to an original exactly
duplicitous
deliberately deceptive
ebullient
exhilarated, full of enthusiasm and high spirits
economize
reduce expenses; be frugal
ecosystem
a system formed by the interaction of a community of organisms with their physical environment
edible
suitable for use as food
effusive
emotionally excessive; overly demonstrative
elliptical
oval; ambiguous, either purposely or because key words have been left out
eloquent
well-spoken; expressive; articulate
embrace
hug; adopt or espouse
eminent
standing above others in quality or position
encroaching
trespassing, intruding
enmity
a state of deep-seated ill-will
entrepreneur
a person who starts up a business
erode
to wear away
eschew
to avoid, shun, keep away from
essential
absolutely necessary
estranged
separated; alienated
ethical
in accordance with standards of right conduct
eulogy
a formal speech praising a person who has died
euphemism
an indirect, less offensive way of saying something that is considered unpleasant
evade
to elude or avoid by cunning; to flee from a pursuer
evasive
deliberately vague or ambiguous
evolving
to develop gradually by process of growth and change
exasperation
irritation, frustration
excessive
too much; more than is reasonable
exotic
foreign, unfamiliar
exploit
use or manipulate to one's advantage;, a notable achievement
explosive
sudden and loud
extinction
no longer in existence
extraordinary
very unusual; remarkable
extremists
one who resorts to measures beyond normal, especially in politics
facilitate
to make easier; to assist
fascinated
held the attention of; captivated
fathom
to understand, get to the bottom of; a measure of depth in water
favored
blessed with advantages
fictional
imaginary
filial
pertaining to or befitting a son or daughter; Ex. filial respect
fiscal
involving financial matters
flippant
disrespectfully humorous or casual
flotsam
the floating wreckage of a ship
floundering
to struggle clumsily or helplessly
flourish
a showy gesture; to thrive, to grow well
foibles
a minor weakness or failing of character
forebear
to be patient with or about
forestall
prevent by taking action in advance
forgo
refrain from consuming
formidable
extremely impressive in strength or excellence
fraudulent
cheating; deceitful
frisky
lively and playful
funerary
melancholy; gloomy
furious
marked by extreme anger
garnered
gathered and stored
gaudy
marked by conspicuous decoration
generosity
act of giving to others, willingness to contribute
government
the ruling authority for a community
graceless
lacking social polish
gratifying
proud, fulfilled, satisfied
guarantee
a pledge that something will happen or that something is true
hackneyed
overused, cliched
halted
stopped
hampered
hindered, held back, restrained
hardy
able to survive under unfavorable conditions
holistic
concerning the whole rather than the parts
hollow
empty
hospitality
friendly welcome and treatment of guests
hostile
characterized by enmity or ill will
humane
kind, merciful
hybrid
a cross between two varieties
hypothesis
a tentative theory
hysteria
nervous condition of uncontrolled laughing and crying usually brought on by unsual emotional stress
icon
an important or enduring symbol or famous person
illicit
illegal
illusory
lacking in or not based on reality
illustration
showing by example; a picture
imitation
a copy that is represented as the original
impede
to obstruct or interfere with; to delay
imperative
requiring attention or action
imperial
majestic, befitting an emperor
implacable
unable to be appeased or pacified
implement
pursue to a conclusion or bring to a successful issue; an instrument or tool
impose
to force someone to accept or put up with; to take unfair advantage of; impressive
imprecise
not exact
impression
a feeling or understanding resulting from an experience
improbable
unlikely
impudent
disrespectful
inane
without sense or meaning; silly
inapt
inappropriate
inaudible
unable to be heard
incisive
very penetrating, clear and sharp
inconclusive
providing no clear answer or solution
incongruity
incompatibility; out of place
inconsistency
contradictory
incorrigible
incapable of being reformed or improved
indelible
not able to be erased or removed; memorable
independence
self-reliance and freedom from outside control
indictment
the act of accusing; a formal accusation
indifference
the trait of lacking enthusiasm or interest
indigence
extreme poverty
indispensable
absolutely necessary
indistinguishable
exactly alike
induction
reasoning from specific to general; ceremony by which one is made a member
infectious
contagious
inferiority
not being as good as others
infighting
rivalry among members of the same organisation
influenced
to have an effect on
insecurity
lack of self-confidence
insensitive
not caring; slow to feel or notice
instantaneous
done in an instant; immediate
instinctive
done automatically without thinking
instrumental
essential
insubstantial
lacking substance; insignificant; frail; immaterial
integrity
honesty, high moral standards
intensity
great strength or force
interact
to communicate or work together
intermittent
stopping and starting at irregular intervals
interpretation
explanation of something not obvious or not meaning the same thing to everyone
intimacy
close or warm friendship
intimidated
frightened into submission or compliance
intrigued
interested and curious
invoke
call forth
irony
a contrast between expectation and reality
irrefutable
impossible to disprove; beyond argument
jaded
wearied, dulled, or bored by having too much
journalist
a writer for newspapers and magazines
jubilant
full of high-spirited delight
judgmental
critical; disapproving
keenest
sharp or penetrating, in particular; having or showing eagerness or enthusiasm
knack
ability to do something easily
lackluster
dull; monotonous; bland
lamented
mourned or grieved for
lassitude
a feeling of lack of interest or energy
lavish
extravagant
legendary
famous
lethargy
lack of energy; sluggishness
levy
to impose a tax upon
levity
humor
liberating
set free
lighthearted
carefree and happy
liquefying
to make liquid
literally
actually; in fact; true in reality
logical
in accordance with reason or logic
longevity
long-lived
ludicrous
ridiculous, laughable, absurd
lush
produced or growing in extreme abundance
magnitude
relative importance
mandate
an authoritative command
manipulative
good at influencing other people do what they want
marginal
insignificant
marine
of or relating to the sea
marred
damaged
mediocre
poor to middling in quality
mellifluous
pleasing to the ear
mendacious
given to lying
mentor
a wise and trusted guide and advisor
merriment
high-spirited fun and enjoyment
misconception
incorrect understanding
milieu
the setting, surroundings, environment
miltant
willing to fight for a belief or cause; strongly devoted
minimize
make small or insignificant
miscreants
troublemakers
misleading
giving the wrong idea
moderate
being within reasonable limits
modicum
a small amount
momentous
of great importance
monotous
without variation, colorless, dreary
morbid
in an unhealthy mental state, extremely gloomy or obsessed with death
moribund
close to death; in a dying state
motivated
very eager to do or achieve
multifarious
having great variety; numerous and diverse
muted
toned down or silenced
myopic
lacking foresight
myriad
a large indefinite number
mystical
a spiritual sense beyond human understanding
nascent
coming into existence; emerging
nebulous
vague
nomads
people who wander from place to place
nostalgia
longing for the past
obliterated
destroyed
obsequious
overly submissive and eager to please
observable
capable of being seen or noticed
obstinacy
stubbornness
obtuse
slow to learn or understand
offset
to balance, counteract or compensate for
onerous
burdensome
oppose
be against
optimism
hope or cheerfulness
opulence
extreme wealth; luxuriousness; abundance
ossified
become fixed and rigid
outlook
point of view
overweening
arrogant
pacifists
people opposed to the use of violence
painstaking
characterized by extreme care and great effort
palpable
strongly perceived, as though actually felt through the senses
panacea
cure-all
paragon
a model of excellence or perfection
paramount
chief in importance, above all others
pedantic
tending to show off one's learning
peeved
annoyed
perfunctory
acting routinely with little interest or care
perpetuate
to make permanent or long lasting
perservere
to refuse to give up despite difficulties.
perspective
point of view
pertain
relate to; have to do with
perused
examined; looked over carefully
pervasive
widespread
physiological
having to do with an organism's physical processes
platitudes
a flat, dull, or trite remark, uttered as if it were fresh or profound
plight
predicament
poignant
deeply affecting, touching
political
relating to social relationships involving authority or power
politicized
made partisan
polluting
contaminating
popular
appealing to many people
portent
a sign of something about to happen
precede
come before
predecessor
someone or something that came before another
predilection
a preference toward someone or something
preeminence
fame; top position
premature
too soon or too hasty
prescience
foresight
prescriptive
giving directives or rules
primarily
mainly
prodigious
great in size or degree
prodigy
an unusually gifted or intelligent young person
productive
marked by great fruitfulness
profitable
bringing advantage or monetary gain
profiteer
person who takes advantage of a crisis to make money
progenitor
ancestor
prognosis
a prediction of the course of a disease
progressive
moving forward; a person who favors a political philosophy of progress and reform and the protection of civil liberties
proliferation
rapid growth; spread
propensity
a natural inclination
prophetic
foretelling events as if by supernatural intervention
proposals
ideas to consider
proposed
suggested
prospectus
document issued to possible buyers of a stocks and bonds outlining the financial condition of the company issuing those securities
provincial
lacking sophistication, narrow-minded
punctilious
too much careful attention paid to every small exact detail
purveyor
supplier; seller
quarrel
an angry dispute
raiment
especially fine or decorative clothing
rancor
bitter resentment or ill-will
random
by chance, not planned or prearranged; irregular
rarefied
of high moral or intellectual value
recalcitrance
having a stubborn or uncooperative attitude
recant
to withdraw or to repudiate a statement or belief
reclusive
seeking or preferring seclusion or isolation
recognition
approval; remember; reward
recollected
remembered
reconnaissance
preliminary inspection or examination
recounted
told in detail; narrated
recrimination
blame
regal
royal; splendid
regulate
to control with rules
rehabiliation
a program of care to restore or improve
reinforced
to strengthen
relative
not absolute or complete; person of the same family
relinquish
to let go; give up
renowned
well-known, famous, celebrated
repetitive
over and over again
repressive
keeping down or holding back
reprimand
rebuke formally
reputable
respectable; well thought of
resenting
feeling bitterness
resolute
firm in purpose or belief
resolve
bring to an end; reach a decision
resuscitate
to revive, bring back to consciousness or existence
retrenchment
curtailment; reduction; retreat to reassess
reunion
coming together again
revelation
enlightening or astonishing disclosure
revisionists
people who rewrite or reassess
revitalizing
tending to impart new life and vigor to
revived
restored to consciousness or life or vigor
rivals
competitors
robust
strong
rudiment
basic, essential principle, element, or skill; an imperfect or undeveloped part
salutary
beneficial, helpful; healthful, wholesome
satellites
any object that revolves around another object in space
satirize
mock
saturate
to soak thoroughly
scandalous
disgraceful; shameful or shocking; improper
scholar
a learned person
scrupulous
exact, careful, attending thoroughly to details; having high moral standards, principled
sedulous
marked by care and persistent effort
selective
very careful about choosing
senator
a member of a senate
serene
calm
servile
submissive or fawning in attitude or behavior
setback
something that interferes with progress
shrewd
marked by practical hardheaded intelligence
solace
comfort in disappointment or misery
somber
dark, gloomy; depressed or melancholy in spirit
sophisticated
wide-ranging knowledge and appreciation of many parts of the world arising from urban life and wide travel
spare
refrain from harming; extra; not many
sparse
meager; scant
specific
particular and exact
sprawling
spreading out carelessly
squander
spend thoughtlessly
stark
bare, without decoration; harsh, unrelieved, desolate; utterly
status
condition at a particular time; social position that a person holds
stipulate
specify as a condition or requirement
stirred
to affect or move somene's feelings
straightforward
direct and clear
streamlined
stripped of nonessentials
strenuous
requiring tremendous energy or stamina
strict
severe and unremitting in making demands; unsparing and uncompromising in discipline or judgment
strident
unpleasantly loud and harsh
stylistic
the appearance or surface or way in which something is done, as opposed to the substance
substantial
large, important; major, significant
subterfuge
trickery
subvert
to undermine
sundry
Various; miscellaneous
superiority
the quality of being better than others
superstitious
having faith in magic or chance
supplant
to take the place of, supersede
surmise
infer from incomplete evidence
sustenance
nourishment; something that gives strength
symbiotic
a close relationship of mutual dependence
syncopated
abbreviated; music stressing the weak beat
synonymous
meaning the same as
synthesize
combine parts or pieces into a whole
taunted
teased; mocked
teasing
playful vexation
tedious
so lacking in interest as to cause mental weariness
temperance
restraint or moderation
terminate
bring to an end or halt
theatricality
an artificial and mannered quality
thrive
prosper; flourish
thunderous
loud
tout
to publicly praise or promote
transgression
wrongdoing; sin
transitory
short-lived or temporary
translate
restate from one language into another language
trenchant
clearly or sharply defined to the mind
ubiquitous
present or existing everywhere
unadorned
plain, not decorated
unanticipated
unexpected
unassuming
modest; not arrogant
undertake
enter into an activity
unearthed
to uncover
unforeseen
not anticipated
unimpressive
not deserving attention, admiration, or respect
unpalatable
not pleasant or acceptable to the taste or mind
unparalleled
having no equal
unrelenting
never-ceasing
unstinting
very generous
unsubstantiated
not proven
utterly
completely and without qualification
vacillated
wavered; hesitated
vanquished
conquered, overpowered
variegated
having many parts or colors
vector
contributing factor
verified
proved to be true
viable
capable of life or normal growth and development; workable
vibrant
vigorous and active
vicarious
experienced secondhand
virtually
in essence or effect but not in fact; almost
visceral
instinctive
visionary
a person with unusual powers of foresight
vivid
having striking color; with the clarity and freshness of immediate experience
voracious
eager, greedy in appetite for something
wavered
move back and forth; indecisive
widespread
happening in many places or to many people
wrongheaded
misguided and stubborn
zealous
eager, earnest, devoted; fanatical
accuracy
correctness, exactness
salient
significant; relevant
shallow
lacking depth of intellect or knowledge
shrouded
covered or hidden from view
skewed
distorted
substantiated
supported or established by evidence or proof
volatile
liable to lead to sudden change
voluble
talkative
bane
the cause of ruin, harm, distress
benefactors
those who give gifts or benefits to someone
captivated
to hold the interest of, to gain the attention of
cartoonists
produce drawings that entertain, educate, and persuade viewers
cataclysmic
disastrous
catalyst
something that causes an important event to happen
comical
humorous; amusing
confrontational
inclined to start fights
confusing
lacking clarity of meaning
contradiction
a statement that is the opposite of another statement
dire
fraught with extreme danger
distinctively
clearly
emboldened
made bold or courageous
fortified
strengthened
fragility
quality of being easily damaged or destroyed
illegible
difficult or impossible to read
interdisciplinary
covering more than one area or study
mortality
the state of being subject to death
nominal
insignificantly small
notorious
widely and unfavorably known
nutrition
the process by which the body takes in and uses food
persuasive
capable of convincing
philanthropic
humanitarian; benevolent; charitable
precisely
exactly
protege
a person under the guidance or training of another
questionable
doubtful, uncertain