59 terms

Chapter 6: Skeletal System

STUDY
PLAY
Long Bones
Arms and Legs
Short Bones
Wrists and Ankles
Flat Bones
found in ribs and shoulders
Irregular Bones
Spinal column and face
sesamoid bone
Knee Cap
Periosteum
membrane convering surface of long bones
Compact or Cortical bone
hard outer shell of the bone, under periosteum
Cancellous or Spongy Bone
porous bone that contains red bone marrow consisting of red blood cells
Osteoblasts
Immature bone cells, actively produce bone tissue
Osteocytes
mature bone cells
Ossification
The formation of bone
Resorption
Process of removing or digesting old bone tissue
Osteoclasts
large cells that absorb and digest old bone tissue
Bone Head
rounded knob-like end of long bone
Neck
constricted or narrow sextion that connects with the head
Tuberosity
elevated, broad, rounded process of a bone - usually for attachment of muscles or tendons
Trochanter
located below neck of femur
Condyle
knuckle-like projection at the end of a bone
Sulcus
(fissure) groove or depression
Fossa
hollow or shallow concave depression in bone
Foramen
hole within bone that allows blood vessels to pass through
Frontal Bone
bone of the forehead/eye socket
Parietal Bones
(2) bones on the top and upper sides of the skull
Occipital Bone
Bone at the base of the skull
Temporal Bones
(2) bones on the lower sides of the skull by the ears
Sphenoid bone
bone that forms part of base of the skull behind the eyes
Ethmoid Bone
bone behind nasal bone; forms front of base of skull, part of eye orbits and nasal cavity
Mandibular Bone
lower jaw bone
Maxillary Bone
upper jaw bone
Zygomatic Bone
top of cheek (bone)
Lacriminal Bone
corner of eyes (bone)
Sternum
breast bone
Pectoral Girdle
upper extremities are attached here
Clavicle
Collar bone
Scapula
shoulder blade
Humerus
upper arm bone
Radius
lateral lower arm bone
Ulna
medial lower arm bone
Carpals
Wrist bones
Metacarpals
Hand bones
Phalanges
Finger bones
Femur
thigh bone
Patella
knee cap bone
Tibia
shin
Fibula
smaller of two bones of lower leg
Tarsals
ankle bones
Metatarsals
Radiating bones of the foot
Phalanges
Toe bones
Calcaneus
Heel Bone
Ilium
largest and most upper portion of the hip
Ishium
lowest posterior portion of the hip
Pubis
Anterior part of the hip (pubic bones
)
Pubic Symphysis
connection between two pubic bones
osteoporosis
Porous bones - fragile
Osteomyelitis
Bone Infection
osteogenic Sarcoma
Bone Cancer
Idiopathic
(term for) don't know what caused it
Congenital
(term for) present at birth
Pathological
(term for) caused by a disease