AP Human geography chapter 9 Rubenstein
Terms in this set (43)
Active solar energy systems
Solar energy that collects energy through the use of mechanical devices such as photovoltaic cells or flat-plate collects.
Adolescent fertility rate
The number of births per 1,000 women ages 15 to 19.
Fuel that derives from plant material and animal waste.
A nuclear power plant that creates its own fuel from plutonium.
The quantity of something that consumers are willing and able to buy.
Developed country (MDC)
A country that has progressed relatively far along an continuum of development.
Developing country (LDC)
A country that is at a relatively early stage in the process of economic development.
A process of improvement in the material conditions of people through diffusion of knowledge and technology.
An alternative to international trade that emphasizes small businesses and worker-owned and democratically run cooperatives and requires employers to pay workers fair wages, permit union organization...
Female labor force participation rate
The % of women holding full-time jobs outside the home.
The splitting of an atomic nucleus to release energy.
Foreign direct investment (FDI)
Investment made by a foreign company in the economy of another country.
An energy source formed from the residue of plants and animals buried millions of years ago.
Fracking (hydraulic fracturing)
The pumping of water at high pressure to break apart rocks in order to release natural gas.
Creation of energy by joining the nuclei of 2 hydrogen atoms to form helium.
Gender Inequality Index ( GII)
A measure of the extent of each country's gender inequality.
Energy from steam or hot water produced from hot or molten underground rocks.
Gross domestic product (GDP)
The value of the total output of goods and services produced in a country in a given time period. (normally 1 year)
Gross National Income (GNI)
The value of the output of goods and services produced in a country in a year, including money that leaves and enters the country.
A rapid increase in the value of houses followed by a sharp decline in their value.
Human Development Index (HDI)
An indicator of the level of development for each country, made by the UN, that is based on income, literacy, education, and life expectancy.
Power generated from moving water.
Inequality - adjusted HDI (IHDI)
Modification of the HDI to account for inequality within a country.
The percentage of a country's people who can read and write.
Maternal mortality ratio
The number of women who die giving birth per 100,000 births.
Provision of small-loans and other financial services to individuals and small businesses in developing countries.
Millennium Development Goals
Eight international development goals that all members of the UN have agreed to achieve by 2015
A source of energy that has a finite supply capable of being exhausted
Passive solar energy systems
Solar energy systems that collect energy without the use of mechanical devices.
A solar energy so usually made from silicon that collects solar rays to generate electricity.
The amount of a resource in deposits not yet identified but thought to exist
The portion of the economy concerned with the direct extraction of materials from earths surface generally through agriculture though sometimes by mining fishing and forestry.
The value of a particular product compared to the amount of labor needed to make it.
The amount of a resource for meaning in discover deposits.
Purchasing power parity (PPP)
The amount of money needed in one country to purchase the same goods and services in another country.
Materials from a nuclear reaction that emit radiation contact with such particles may be harmful or lethal to people therefore the materials must be safely stored for thousands of years .
A resource that has a theoretically unlimited supply and is not depleted when used by humans.
The portion of the economy concerned with manufacturing useful products through processing transforming and assembling raw materials.
Structural adjustment program
Economic policies imposed on less developed countries by international agencies to create conditions encouraging international trade such as raising taxes reducing government spending controlling inflation selling publicly owned utilities to provide corporations and charging citizens more for services.
The quantity of something that producers have available for sale.
Proportion of the economy concerned with transportation communication and utilities sometimes extended to the provision of all goods and services to people in exchange for payment.
Development of core regions at the expense of those on the periphery.
The gross value of a product minus the cost of raw materials and energy.