49 terms

casey's history

union of austria and germany
violated the treaty of versailles
created a brief war scare
giving in to the demands of an aggressor in order to keep peace
was created because france could not deal with hitler without help from britain who did not want to confront german dictator
sudeten land
a region of wester czechoslovakia
many germans in this lag
hitler said that this land should be annexed by germany
japan seized this country in 1931=>league of nations condemned japans aggression=>japan left the organization
axis powers
rome, berlin, tokyo (italy,germany,japan)
three nations agreed to fight soviet communism
three nations agreed not to interfere with one anothers plans for territory
munich pact
manchuria conference in 1938 british +french chose appeasement to pursue the czechs to give up the sudeten land without a fight
hitler in return assured brit and france that he had no more plans to gather territory
nazi soviet pact
bound hitler + stalin to peaceful relations
both agreed to not fight if they went to war and divided poland and other eastern euro parts between them
league of nations
condemned the aggression of japan seizing manchuria
has no power to enforce anything
land on french and german borders
spanish civil war
king was overthrown by liberal constitution
then conservative overthrew gov by francisco franco
told crowds that he ha achieved "peace for time"
told parliament that the munich pact saved czechoslovakia from destruction europe from armageddon
1939-germany invaded this country
nazis stormed into poland using blitzkrieg
germany encircled polands army
the german people who were pure german
"lightning warfare"
utilized improved tanks and air power technology to strike a devastating blow against enemy
phony war
1st winter, france hunkered down behind magneto like
britain sent troops to help
beach where british sent troops to help on ships
vichy government
"puppet state"
french's capital
charles de gaulle
leader of the free french
worked to liberate homeland
operation sea lions
Britain is no longer determined to turn back the enemy
hitlers plan to invade Britain
the blitz
bombing attacks
used by germany on london
general rommel
desert fox
pushed british back across desert toward cairo, egypt
operation barbarossa
a plan which too its name form a german leader
plan:nazzi-soviet pact invaded the soviet union
germany seized this city in 1941
food had to be rationed
maginot line
where the french troops waited for the germans
winston churchill
met with roosevelt in the atlantic making the Atlantic charter which was the final destruction of nazi tyranny and for post war world
german air force
bombed airfields factories towns and cities
big 3
roosevelt churchill stalin
all agreed to focus on finishing the war in euro before trying to end the war in asia
final solution-of the jewish problem
genocide of all euro jews
death camps (concentration camps)
hitler built them in poland
killed millions of men women and children
became known as the HOLOCAUST
sections of cities where the jewish people were confined
many died from starvation disease overwork and there harsh elements
lend lease act
allowed far to sell or lend war materials to "any country whose defense the president deems vital to defense of the US"
pearl harbour
1941 japan air bombed american fleet at pearl harbor in Hawaii
US declared war on Japan
Germany and Italy declared war on the US
hoped to expand japans empire
US interfered with his plans
total war
channeling of nations entire resources into a war effort.
allies committed to total war to defeat axis war machines
rosie the riveter
symbol of the woman workers in factories during the war to held the war efforts
battle of coral sea
japan suffered their first serious set back
war was fought in the air
battle of midway
fought in air
devastating blow for japan
teheran conference
1943-churchill and Roosevelt yielded to stalin to let borders outlined in nazi soviet pact stand against the wishes of pollards gov -in exile
stalin wanted to open a 2nd front against germany in western europe -relieve pressure on soviet union
yalta conference
3 leaders agreed that soviet union would enter war with japan within three months of germany's surrender
stalin was promised that the soviet would take possession of southern sakhalin island krill island korea zone
germany would be temporarily divided into 4 zones (US french brit and soviet forces)
battle of alamein
after allies finally halted desert fox's advance
allied tanks drove the axis back
island hopping
recapture some japanese held islands while passing by others
d day
1944 allies launched surprise invasion of normandy in france
1945 allies raid on dresden
not industrial target, considered one of the most beautiful cities in euro
Bataan death march
1942- 65 miles japan gained control of Philippines
american soldiers and filipino soldiers walked the death march
iwo jima
blood battle was fought in 1945
japanese showed that they would fight to the death rather than surrender
kamikaze pilots
japanese men who undertook suicide missions
crashed explosive-laden airplanes into US war ships
Manhattan project
research made by german, allied scientists
harness the atom=> atomic bomb
1945 american plane chopped atomic bomb over this city
where the second atomic bomb was dropped from the US