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DDX: calcified lymph nodes
silicosis,TB, treated lymphoma, granulomatous- sarcoidosis, histoplasmosis,
Left sided SVC drains into:
coronary sinus. Left SVC is a rare anomaly <0.5%, assoc: CHD, absent left brachiocephalic artery
Muscular band of heart tissue in the RIGHT ventricle. Used to ID right side on prenatal US.
Causes of pulmonary arterial hypertension
mitral stenosis, Eisenmenger, centrilobular emphysema, diffuse interstitial fibrosis, chronic PE, schistosomiasis
finding: central enlargement w/periph. pruning
Findings in pulmonary venous hypertension
redistribution / cephalization, Kerley B, peribronchial cuffing
Causes of aortic stenosis
#1 congenital: bicuspid valve most common; #2 acquired: most common rheumatic heart disease
Left Atrial Pressures: 5-10 _____, 10-15 ______, 15-20 ________, >25 _______
Normal 5-10, Cephalization 10-15, Kerley Lines 15-20, Interstitial 20-25, Alveolar >25.
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