The dynasty that came after the Umayyads
first caliph after death of muhammad
Cousin and son-in-law of Muhammad; one of the caliphs; focus for the development of Shi'ism.
established by Al-gorism: Algebra
The Arabic word for God
also known as Ibn Sina, wrote a medical encyclopedia
a supreme political and religious leader in a Muslim government
A series of holy wars from undertaken by European Christians to free the Holy Land from Muslim rule.
Dome of the Rock
Muslim shrine containing the rock from which. Jews believe Abraham prepared to sacrifice his son Isaac on the rock
religious commandment Muslims must follow
the angle who was the messenger of God
A tradition relating the words or deeds of the Prophet Muhammad; next to the Quran, the most important basis for Islamic law.
Muhammad's journey from Mecca to Medina
a headscarf worn by Muslim women
Helped reintroduce Europe to Greek works of Philosophy
Muslim prayer leader
A religion based on the teachings of the prophet Mohammed which stresses belief in one god (Allah), Followers are called Muslims.
sacred city of Jews, Christians, and Muslims.
struggle in the way of god
a stone building in Mecca that is shaped like a cube and that is the most sacred Muslim pilgrim shrine
tower used to call Muslims to prayer
birthplace of the Prophet Muhammad, and ritual center of the Islamic religion.
the second holiest city; where Muhammad lived after fleeing Mecca
Muslim house of worship
Founder of Islam, considered the greatest prophet in Islam
a believer or follower of Islam
the holy book of islam
ninth month of the Muslim calendar marked by fasting
the second pillar of Islam is prayer 5x a day
the third pillar of Islam is fasting (primarily during the month of Ramadan)
1st pillar of Islam Declaration of faith
the leader of an Arab village or family
A member of the branch of Islam that supports the descendants of Muhammad as his rightful successors
a member of the branch of Islam that accepts the first four caliphs as rightful successors to Muhammad
one of the sections (or chapters) in the Koran
One of three branches of Shiism. Belief in twelve divinely ordained leaders. 85% of Shi'a are Twelvers.
the first dynasty of Arab caliphs whose capital was Damascus
the fourth pillar of Islam is charity
Famous Muslim scholar and astronomer
person who calls Muslims for religious services
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