Government Week 2

STUDY
PLAY
Cabinet
group made up of the heads of the Executive Branch departments that advises President.
Elastic Clause
gives Congress the power to make all laws which shall be "necessary and proper" to carry out its responsibilities.
Supreme Court
The major body of Judicial Branch
Unconstitutional
when a law is declared null and void because it is in opposition with the Constitution which is the Supreme law of the land.
Census
an official counting of the people in a country or area
Veto
the constitutional right or power of the president or legislature to reject bill passed by another branch of government.
Appeal
to make a request to a request to a higher court for a hearing of a case.
Jurisdiction
authority to hear and decide cases.
Bicameral
having two legislative chambers
Unicameral
having one legislative chamber
Bayard v. Singleton
A court case in North Carolina that established the concept of judicial review in determining the ownership of Loyalist properties.
Marbury v. Madison
the 1803 Supreme Court in which the Supreme Court asserted its right to declare a law passed by Congress unconstitutional
Impeach
to accuse an official of wrongdoing or misuse of power.
Electoral College
The electors chosen by each state who cast the official votes for President and Vice President after a presidential election
Executive Branch
The branch of government that carries out the laws made by Legislative Branch
Judicial Branch
The branch of government that interprets and applies the laws and settles disputes through a system of courts.
Legislative Branch
The branch of government that makes the laws.
Original Jurisdiction
The legal authority to be the first court to hear a case.
Political parties
Groups organized to promote particular political beliefs and support candidates for public office who share their views.
Judicial Review
The power of the courts to declare laws and actions of the local, state or national government invalid if they violate the Constitution.
Supremacy clause
The clause of the Constitution, (Article VI Section 2) that states the Constitution, the laws passed by Congress, and the treaties of the United States are the nation's highest laws and must be obeyed by the states.
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