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History Final Study Guide Truman and Ike

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The Taft-Hartley Act delivered a major blow to labor by
outlawing the closed (all-union) shops
One the home front in 1946, postwar America was characterized by
an epidemic of labor strikes
The Taft-Hartley Act was passed to check the growing power of
labor unions
In an effort to forestall an economic downturn after the end of WWII, Truman did all of the following except
continue wartime wage and price controls
The feminist revolt of the 1960s was sparked by
a clash between the demands of the traditional role of women as wives and mothers and the realities of employment
The long economic boom from WWII to the 70s was fueled primarily by
reduced military expenditures
Much of the prosperity of the 1950s and 1960s rested on
colossal military budgets
Post-WWII American workers made spectacular gains in productivity owing to
their rising education levels
Since 1945, population in the US has grown most in the
sunbelt
The rapid rise of suburbia in post-WWII America can be attributed to
all of the above
The huge baby boom crested in the
late 1950s
The baby-boom generation will create a major problem in the future by
placing an enormous strain on the Social Security system.
The US believed that it was desirable to have the Soviets participate in the projected invasion of Japan because
the Soviets could help control the Chinese Communists
The origins of the Cold War lay in a fundamental disagreement between the US and the Soviet Union over postwar arrangements in
Eastern Europe
Joseph Stalins postwar security concerns focused primarily on
Eastern Europe
The responsibility for starting the Cold War rests with the
Soviet Union and United States
American policies against the Soviet Union were based on the assumption that the Soviet Union was inherently
communist
The immediate concern that prompted the announcement of the Truman Doctrine was related to the events in
Greece and Turkey
Under the Truman Doctrine, the US pledged to
support those who were resisting subjugation by Communists
President Trumans Marshall Plan called for
military aid for Europe
All of the following objected to President Trumans support for the establishment of the state of Israel except
Americas European allies
The US participation in NATO
all of the above
Postwar Japan
was, like Germany, divided into Allied occupation zones
Chang Jieshi and the Nationalist Government lost the Chinese civil war to the communists and Mao Ze-dong mainly because
the communists were closer to traditional Chinese culture
In an effort to detect Communists within the government, Truman established the
Loyalty Review Board
In 1948, many southern Democrats split from the party because
they found the Republican candidate, Thomas Dewey, more sympathetic to their conservative technology
President Trumans domestic welfare legislative plan was called the
Fair Deal
Trumans actions upon hearing of the invasion of South Korea illustrated his commitment to a foreign policy of
containment
Truman relieved MacArthur from command of the United Nations troops in Korea when
MacArthur began to take issue publicly with presidential policies
Nixon was selected as Eisenhowers VP running mate in 1952 as a concession to the
hard line anticommunists
In terms of politics, television did all of the following except
enable political parties to continue their role of educating and mobilizing the electorate
Eisenhowers greatest asset as president was his
enjoyment of the affection and respect of the American people
Among anticommunists, Joseph McCarthy was the
one who most damaged free speech
The record would seem to indicate that Eisenhowers strongest commitment was to
social harmony
In response to McCarthy, Eisenhower
allowed him to control personnel policy at the State Department
Senator McCarthy first rose to national prominence by
charging that dozens of known Communists were working within the US State Department
Senator McCarthys crusade ended when he
alleged that there were Communists in the army
In an effort to overturn Jim Crow laws and the segregated system that they had created, African-Americans used all of the following methods except
appeals to foreign governments to pressure the US to establish racial justice
Eisenhowers attitude toward racial justice can be best described as
very supportive
Eisenhowers policies towards Native Americans included
a return to the assimilation goals of the Dawes Act of 1887
The bracero program between the US and Mexico involved
legally importing Mexican farmers to work in the US
During his presidency, Eisenhower accepted the principle and extended benefits of
Social Security
Eisenhowers New Look foreign policy in the 1950s planned for
greater reliance on air power and the deterrent power of nuclear weapons
In 1956, when Hungary revolted against the Soviet Union, the US
did nothing to help
The leader of the nationalist movement in Vietnam since WWI was
Ho Chi Minh
The 1955 Geneva Conference
called for two Vietnams to hold national elections within two years
In 1956 the US condemned ______ for being the aggressors of the Suez Canal Crisis
Britain and France
During the 1950s, the CIA engineered pro-American political coups in both
Iran and Guatemala
The 1957 Eisenhower Doctrine empowered the president to extend the economic and military aid to nations of ________ that wanted to help resist communist aggression
Middle East
In response to the launching of Sputnik in 1957,
Eisenhower said that this event should not cause one iota of concern
Which of the following is least related to the other four?
Landrum-Griffith Act
The Paris Summit conference scheduled for 1960 was aborted by the
U-2 incident
By the end of the 1950s, Latin American anger towards the US had intensified because Washington had done all of the following except
allow Cuba to fall into the hands of the Communists
The affluent life style developed in America during the 1950s was stimulated mainly by
the new technology of television
All of the following were harbingers off the emerging new lifestyle of leisure and affluence except
the maturity of radio
Compared to WWI, the literary outpouring from WWII can be described as
less realistic
Many of the better now poets in the post-WWII era
comitted suicide
In the 1950s, the key to economic growth rested in
electronics
In the 1950s, the work force began to change when
white-collar workers outnumbered blue-collar workers
Between 1950 and 1980, the majority of newly created jobs in the clerical and service fields were held by
women
Sports reflected the population shift toward the West and South
when baseballs Brooklyn Dodgers and New York Giants moved to California
Several critics of the new consumerism of the 1950s charged that the American people
had developed into a generation of conformists
In her book the Feminine Mystique, Betty Friedman discusses
the stifling boredom of suburban housewifery