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26 terms

Scientific Method terms

STUDY
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Observation
to use of your senses to gather quantitative or qualitative information
Inference
a possible explanation for what you observe (that you might assume is true)
Skepticism
an attitude of doubt
Scientific method
the steps scientists use to create explanations based on the evidence they gather
Data
evidence gathered through observations (especially during experiments)
Scientific literacy
understanding basic scientific terms and principles
Science
the methodological studying of the natural world through experimentation and verification of facts.
Fact
true statement
Hypothesis
A simple statement predicting the result of a controlled scientific experiment.
Scientific Law
scientific statement that is well tested, supported, and verifiable.
Qualitative Observations
observations made by the 5 senses. (seeing, feeling, touching, smelling, tasting.)
Quantitative Observations
observations made by using measuring instruments. (number-based observations)
Independent Variable
part of an experiment that the experimenter changes.
Dependent Variable
changes as a result of the changes in the Independent Variable.
Control
a standard to compare with the results in an experiment.
Model
is used to represent things we cannot directly study.
Bias
something that can affect how the results of an experiment are viewed
Graph
visual display of information or data
Manipulated variable
alternative term for independent variable
Responding Variable
alternative term for the dependant variable
Independent
this variable data is plotted on the horizontal (x) axis of a graph
Dependent
this variable data is plotted on the vertical (y) axis of a graph
Replicate
to repeat a research study, usually with different participants and in different situations, to confirm the results of the original study
sample size
The number of subjects used in an experiment or study. Generally, the larger the better.
randomness
the quality of lacking any predictable order or plan,best defense against bias
bar graph
used to display data that is not continuous or without units