causes of WWI (general)
imperialism, nationalism, militarism, industrialism, entangling alliances, international anarchy
Allied Forces nickname
Triple Entente
Allied Forces members
Great Britain, USA, France, Russia, Italy, Japan, Serbia, Belgium
spark of WWI
assassination of Franz Ferdinand and wife Sophie
patriotic feelings for your country
Central Powers nickname
Triple Alliance
Central Powers members
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Ottoman Empire
reasons for US entry into WWI
Lusitania, Zimmerman Letter, undeclared submarine warfare, Russia dropped out
President during WWI
Pesident's Peace Plan
14 Points
Treaty of Versailles
ended WWI
League of Nations
international security body
Roaring 20's (general definition)
period following WWI
Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer
directed the controversial Palmer Raids; Red Scare, Palmer Raids, Communism
Sacco & Vanzetti
Italian anarchists assassinated despite lack of evidence
three immigration laws of the 1920's
Emergency Quota Law (1921), Immigration Act (1924), and National Origins Act (1929)
Prohibition (what was it designed to deal with?)
limitation in manufacture, consumption, and transportation of alcohol
Prohibition (what gave it its power?)
18th Amendment, Yolstead Act
Prohibition (what did it result in?)
Temperance Movement, organized crime on the rise
Scopes Monkey Trial (what was it about?)
teaching evolution in school
Scopes Monkey Trial (lawyers)
William Jennings Bryan(prosecution) and Clarence Darrow(defense)
Charles Lindbergh
famous for his non-stop solo flight from NYC to Paris; awarded Medal of Honor; infant son was kidnapped and murdered
G. Marconi
credited as the inventor of the radio
flapper (what was it?)
brash women after WWI; "new breed" of women; wore short skirts, bobbed hair, and listened to jazz
Harlem Renaissance
cultural movement of the 1920's and 30's; "New Negro Movement"; centered in Harlem neighborhood of NYC
President Harding's biggest scandal
Teapot Dome Scandal
Esch Cummins Transportation Act
Railroad Transportation Act; returned railroads to private operation after WWI with much regulation
Washington Naval Conference (what did it deal with)
reduced naval arms after WWI; resulted in Five Powers Treaty, Nine Powers Treaty, etc.
Five Powers Treaty
limited naval construction and prevent an arms race among those victorius in WWI; created naval ratios
Nine Powers Treaty
affirmed the sovereignty and integrity of China
Teapot Dome Scandal
Secretary of Interior rented gov't land to oil companies in return for personal loans and gifts
result of the post-WWI tariffs
Great Depression
Dawes Plan
plan to collect war reparations for Germany
only country to pay off its WWI debt
first Roman Catholic to run for President
Al Smith
October 29, 1929
Black Tuesday; Stock Market Crash
the Brain Trust (general definition)
advised FDR during his presidency; New Deal
Hawley-Smoot Tariff
highest non-war protective tariff
New Deal (who, what, general definition)
FDR's domestic program for reform
Civilian Conservation Corps; provided unskilled manual labor
fireside chats
FDR radio speeches
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation; protected bank deposits
FERA (definition)
Federal Emergency Relief Act; helped states provide aid for unemployed
FERA (leader)
Harry Hopkins
Civil Works Administration
led by Harry Hopkins, provided work/created jobs
Huey Long (his plan)
anti New Deal, "Share our Wealth"
Father Charles Coughlin (his plan)
anti-New Deal, "National Union for Social Justice"
Dr. Francis Townsend
preliminary social security
led by Harry Hopkins, create jobs dealing with infrastructure
National Recovery Adminstration
provided codes of fair competition and to give labor the right of collective bargaining, blue eagle
Schechter Case
"sick chicken case"; intrastate commerce, NIRA declared unconstitutional
Frances Perkins
Secretary of Labor under FDR; first female cabinet member
Mary Bethune
Black Cabinet
Agricultural Adjustment Act; aided farmers and regulated crop production
Dust Bowl
occurred in the Midwest due to severe droughts
Congress of Industrial Organizations; federation of unions that organized workers into industrial unions
Supreme Court Packing Plan
Justices over 70 that won't retire will cause the hiring of new Justices, maxing out at 15 (FDR)
ended the Great Depression
Tydings-McDuffie Act
gave the Phillipines its independence
Reciprocal Trade Agreement Act
if other countries will lower their trade barriers, the U.S. will do the same
How did Japan become powerful in the Pacific?
invaded Manchuria and bombed cities in China
invasion of Ethipoia
Italy annexed Ethiopia in May 1936
Francisco Franco
director and leader of nationalists in Spanish Civil War; won
Munich Conference (what did it do and who was there?)
Hitler acquires Sudatenland and the world is given a promise; Hitle (Germ.), Mussolini (Italy), Chamberlain (GB), Daladier (France)
policy of giving in to Hitler's demands
invasion of Poland
Germany invaded on Sept. 1, 1939; marked the beginning of WWII in Europe
December 7, 1941
Pearl Harbor
U.S. policy of isolationism
stay out of world affairs
Lend-Lease Act
supply war goods to countries at war except for the USSR
"get Germany first" (policy)
strategy to knock out Nazi Germany before taking on the Japanese
internment camps
relocate Japanese after Pearl Harbor; Manzanar
Rosie the Riveter
represents women in the work force during WWII
VJ Day
victory in the Pacific; Japan surrendered
VE Day
victory in Europe; Germany surrendered
European, Pacific/Asian, and African front
victories for the Allies
leapfrogging/island hoppng
strategy to cut off islands' supply lines
Okinawa and Iwojima
last two and most important islands recaptured from Japan in 1945
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
cities hit by an atomic bomb in an effort to the end the war in Asia
G.I. Bill of RIghts
Serviceman's Readjustment Act; education, low-cost mortgages, loans to start businesses, and etc. for WWII veteran