Issued by abraham lincoln on september 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free
Fugitive Slave Law
law that said you had to return runaway slaves to their owners tension btwn N & S~north opposed slavery and they refused to enforce the law, especially abolitionists
a voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to North America and the West Indies
a 3-minute address by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War (November 19, 1963) at the dedication of a national cemetery on the site of the Battle of Gettysburg
the action of an armed force that surrounds a fortified place and isolates it while continuing to attack
A test given to persons to prove they can read and write before being allowed to register to vote
A clause in registration laws allowing people who do not meet registration requirements to vote if they or their ancestors had voted before 1867.
Trail of Tears
The tragic journey of the cherokee people from their home land to indian territory between 1838 and 1839, thousands of cherokees died.
Jim Crow Laws
Limited rights of blacks. Literacy tests, grandfather clauses and poll taxes limited black voting rights
Civil War Draft
1863-The North was having trouble getting people to volunteer for the army. So they passed a law to create a lottery to pick men and force them to fight. Rich people could pay to avoid the draft.
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color , or precious condition of servitude
Plessy V. Ferguson
supreme court ruled that segregation public places facilities were legal as long as the facilites were equal
provided: food, clothing, jobs, medical care, schools for former slaves and the poor whites
A person who works fields rented from a landowner and pays the rent and repays loans by turning over to the landowner a share of the crops.