Issued by abraham lincoln on september 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free
Fugitive Slave Law
law that said you had to return runaway slaves to their owners tension btwn N & S~north opposed slavery and they refused to enforce the law, especially abolitionists
a voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to North America and the West Indies
a 3-minute address by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War (November 19, 1963) at the dedication of a national cemetery on the site of the Battle of Gettysburg
the action of an armed force that surrounds a fortified place and isolates it while continuing to attack
A test given to persons to prove they can read and write before being allowed to register to vote
A clause in registration laws allowing people who do not meet registration requirements to vote if they or their ancestors had voted before 1867.
Trail of Tears
The tragic journey of the cherokee people from their home land to indian territory between 1838 and 1839, thousands of cherokees died.
Jim Crow Laws
Limited rights of blacks. Literacy tests, grandfather clauses and poll taxes limited black voting rights
Civil War Draft
1863-The North was having trouble getting people to volunteer for the army. So they passed a law to create a lottery to pick men and force them to fight. Rich people could pay to avoid the draft.
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color , or precious condition of servitude
Plessy V. Ferguson
supreme court ruled that segregation public places facilities were legal as long as the facilites were equal
provided: food, clothing, jobs, medical care, schools for former slaves and the poor whites
A person who works fields rented from a landowner and pays the rent and repays loans by turning over to the landowner a share of the crops.
the mission in San Antonio where in 1836 Mexican forces under Santa Anna besieged and massacred American rebels who were fighting to make Texas independent of Mexico
Lewis and Clarke
explored the louisiana territory, mapping out the new land and describing what they saw
American slave who sued his master for keeping him enslaved in a territory where slavery was banned under the missouri Compromise
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Co-founded the 1848 Women's Rights Convention held in Seneca Falls, New York also made the declaration of sentiments
1789-1795; First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.
William Lloyd Garrison
1805-1879. Prominent American abolitionist, journalist and social reformer. Editor of radical abolitionist newspaper "The Liberator", and one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society.
dedicated to improving conditions for the mentally ill. led movement to build new mental hospitals and improve existing ones
native american woman who served as a guide an interpreter for the lewis and clark expedition
Francis Cabot Lowell
Visited England and returned to the US to open a mill in Mass. that brought spining and weaving in one building in a town named after him
America's first Vice-President and second President. Sponsor of the American Revolution in Massachusetts, and wrote the Massachusetts guarantee that freedom of press "ought not to be restrained."
General Robert E. Lee
Commander of Confederate Army. Great leader, Lincoln wanted him as the leader of the Union Army
Francis Scott Key
United States lawyer and poet who wrote a poem after witnessing the British attack on Baltimore during the War of 1812
United States slave and insurrectionist who in 1831 led a rebellion of slaves in Virginia