63 terms

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Secede
to formally withdraw from a union
54th Regiment
one of the first African American Regiment organized in the North
Emancipation Proclamation
Issued by abraham lincoln on september 22, 1862 it declared that all slaves in the confederate states would be free
Immigrants
People who settle in a country they weren't born in.
War Hawks
members of Congress who wanted to fight Great Britain
Blockade
a war measure that isolates some area of importance to the enemy
Union
the act of making or becoming a single unit
12th Amendment
Required presidential electors to vote separately for president and vice president
Fugitive Slave Law
law that said you had to return runaway slaves to their owners tension btwn N & S~north opposed slavery and they refused to enforce the law, especially abolitionists
Middle Passage
a voyage that brought enslaved Africans across the Atlantic Ocean to North America and the West Indies
Poll Tax
a tax of a fixed amount per person and payable as a requirement for the right to vote
KKK
Ku Klux Klan--Against Blacks, Jews, Catholics. Used terror to control them
Mass Production
Process of making large quantities of a product quickly and cheaply
Carpetbagger
Northerner who traveled south to make money off of the Reconstruction
Cash Crop
Farm crop raised to be sold for money
Gettysburg Address
a 3-minute address by Abraham Lincoln during the American Civil War (November 19, 1963) at the dedication of a national cemetery on the site of the Battle of Gettysburg
Siege
the action of an armed force that surrounds a fortified place and isolates it while continuing to attack
Confederate States of America
the southern states that seceded from the United States in 1861
IRS
internal revenue service; the agency that collects federal income taxes
Literacy Test
A test given to persons to prove they can read and write before being allowed to register to vote
Abolition
Movement to end slavery
Market Revolution
economic changes where people buy and sell goods rather than make them themselves
Grandfather Clause
A clause in registration laws allowing people who do not meet registration requirements to vote if they or their ancestors had voted before 1867.
Trail of Tears
The tragic journey of the cherokee people from their home land to indian territory between 1838 and 1839, thousands of cherokees died.
Jim Crow Laws
Limited rights of blacks. Literacy tests, grandfather clauses and poll taxes limited black voting rights
Civil War Draft
1863-The North was having trouble getting people to volunteer for the army. So they passed a law to create a lottery to pick men and force them to fight. Rich people could pay to avoid the draft.
13th Amendment
abolished slavery
14th Amendment
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
15th Amendment
citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color , or precious condition of servitude
Plessy V. Ferguson
supreme court ruled that segregation public places facilities were legal as long as the facilites were equal
Freedman's Bureau
provided: food, clothing, jobs, medical care, schools for former slaves and the poor whites
Sharecropper
A person who works fields rented from a landowner and pays the rent and repays loans by turning over to the landowner a share of the crops.
Plantation
garden consisting of a small cultivated wood without undergrowth
Popular Sovereignty
people hold the final authority in all matters of government
Forty-Niners
People who went to California looking for Gold (They left in 1849)
Alamo
the mission in San Antonio where in 1836 Mexican forces under Santa Anna besieged and massacred American rebels who were fighting to make Texas independent of Mexico
Eli Whitney
invented the cotton gin
Harriet Beecher Stowe
wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin
Thomas Jefferson
Join or Die
Sojourner Truth
Wrote "and ain't i a woman"
Boston Corbett
Killed booth
Lewis and Clarke
explored the louisiana territory, mapping out the new land and describing what they saw
Samuel B. Morse
inventor of the telegraph
Dred Scott
American slave who sued his master for keeping him enslaved in a territory where slavery was banned under the missouri Compromise
Prudence Crandall
abolitionist teacher who began school for African American girls
Samuel Slater
built first spinning mill in Rhode Island was the father of factories
Ullyses S. Grant
was a union general that took control of the west at shilo and memphis
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Co-founded the 1848 Women's Rights Convention held in Seneca Falls, New York also made the declaration of sentiments
Roger Sherman Baldwin
Defended the African Americans in the Amistad Case
Alexander Hamilton
1789-1795; First Secretary of the Treasury. He advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt.
William Lloyd Garrison
1805-1879. Prominent American abolitionist, journalist and social reformer. Editor of radical abolitionist newspaper "The Liberator", and one of the founders of the American Anti-Slavery Society.
Clara Barton
Founded the American Red Cross during the civil war
Jefferson Davis
President of the Confederate States of America
Dorthea Dix
dedicated to improving conditions for the mentally ill. led movement to build new mental hospitals and improve existing ones
Sacajawea
native american woman who served as a guide an interpreter for the lewis and clark expedition
Francis Cabot Lowell
Visited England and returned to the US to open a mill in Mass. that brought spining and weaving in one building in a town named after him
John Adams
America's first Vice-President and second President. Sponsor of the American Revolution in Massachusetts, and wrote the Massachusetts guarantee that freedom of press "ought not to be restrained."
Abe Lincoln
President during Civil war wrote emancipation Proclamation, freed slaves, etc.
General Robert E. Lee
Commander of Confederate Army. Great leader, Lincoln wanted him as the leader of the Union Army
John Wilkes Booth
United States actor and assassin of President Lincoln (1838-1865)
Francis Scott Key
United States lawyer and poet who wrote a poem after witnessing the British attack on Baltimore during the War of 1812
Nat Turner
United States slave and insurrectionist who in 1831 led a rebellion of slaves in Virginia
Cinque
main character in amistad