20 terms


Czar Alexander II
abolished serfdom, believed that Russia had to follow the model of Western countries to grow strong
Collective Farming
a large farm with machinery of small farms bought together by the government
New Economic Plan
Lenin introduced aspects of capitalism into communism;
wealthy farms
White Man's Burden
viewed all dark skinned people as inferior
Adolf Hitler
German Nazi dictator who used propaganda and extreme violence to enforce his racist and nationalist views
Bolshevik Revolution
(Oct.19.1917) Lenin promised the people peace, bread & land; seized power from the provisional government
Guiseppe Manzzini
started Young Italy, members wanted to set up a republic with a capital of Rome
Count Camillio Cavour
Prime Minister of Sardina, built alliance with Britian and France against Russia
Giuseppe Garibaldi
commander of the Red Shirts, a group of Italian patriots
Otto von Bismarck
Prussian prime minister and Germany's first chancellor; opposed democracy wanted to
strengthen power of the king
Balfour Decree (Declaration)
a statement issued in1917 by British government supporting the establishment of a Jewish state in Palestine
Klemens von Metternich
Austrian prince and delegate at the Congress of Vienna
Power Keg of Europe
The southeaster area of Europe, the Balkans, or the __________ because of the nationalistic spirit that was causing revolts and rebellion in that area prior to WWII
Vladimir Ilyich Lenin
Bolshevik leader who seized control of Russia in 1917,studied works of Karl Marx devoted life to overthrowing czar rule.
United Nations
an international organization created to promote national self-determination, human rights, and coorperation among nations
Berlin Airlift
dropped supplies in West Berlin after Stalin closed the boarders
Treaty of Versailles
the settlement made with Germany at the end of WWI that called for territorial changes, reparations & German demilitarization
Industrial Revolution
a period of change in the methods of producing goods and organizing labor, that began in Britain in the 1700s
Reign of Terror
a period when brutal measures were used to eliminate enemies and critics of the revolutionary republic set up in France