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Willmont Proviso

This called for prohibiting slavery in the new territories. This was one of the biggest events contributing to the Civil War, that would have abolished slavery in any territory to be gained from Mexico in the Mexican War or later on including (Mexican Cession) Economical

Georgia Platform


Election of 1848

Won by Zachary Taylor, a general in the Mexican War from Louisiana. He was a slave owner but believed in popular sovereignty regarding slaves in territories.

Compromise of 1850

-California was brought in as a free state
-turning Utah and New Mexico into separate territories
-paid Texas $10 million for extra land into the territories
-fugitive slave law stating run away slaves may be captured from the North and brought back
-abolished the slave trade in D.C.

Succession Movement of 1850

When southern states planned to leave the union. Headed by William L Yancey of Alabama, among others

Election of 1860

caused the southern states to leave the union

the Northern Democratic Party candidate for the election of 1860

Steven Douglas

The Southern Democratic Party candidate

John Breckenridge

1860 Republican candidate

Abraham Lincoln

New Democratic party candidate

John Bell

What was the first state to leave the union?

South Carolina on December 20,1860

Who left after South Carolina?

Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, Texas

What states left once the fighting began?

Arkansas, Tennessee, Virginia, North Carolina

what were the border states?

Maryland, Kentucky, Missouri, Delaware

President of the Confederacy

Jefferson Davis

When did the Civil War start?

April 12, 1861 at 4:30 a.m.

Main causes of the Civil War

slavery, 1860 Election, Southern states' succession

Why did the North Win the Civil war

-more money in the North
-more industry in the North
-better railway system in the Norh
-higher population
-had to go to the draft later than the south

Wade Davis Bill

passed in July 1864 as Congress's (radical)plan for reconstruction

Who became president after Lincoln was shot?

Andrew Johnson

Laws that were passed by Southern states that were meant to control the economic and social lives of the former slaves

black codes

A government agency that provided food, clothing, and medical care to freed blacks and poor whites

Freedomist Bureau

Act of 1866 stating that all persons born in the US are citizens

Civil Rights Act

Leaders of the Radical Republicans:

-Representative Thatius Stevens
-Senator Ben Wade
-Senator Charles Sumner

The Emancipation Proclamation is what amendment?


The Civil Rights Act of 1866 is what amendment?


The right for all citizens to vote is what amendment?



A derogatory term applied to Northerners who migrated south during the Reconstruction to take advantage of opportunities to advance their own fortunes by buying up land from desperate Southerners and by manipulating new black voters to obtain lucrative government contracts.


white southerner who switched from being a Democrat and supported the Republicans during reconstruction

poll tax

a tax of a fixed amount per person and payable as a requirement for the right to vote

literacy test

A test administered as a precondition for voting, often used to prevent African Americans from exercising their right to vote.

grandfather clause

A clause in registration laws allowing people who do not meet registration requirements to vote if they or their ancestors had voted before 1867.

William E.B. Dubois

became the first African American student to earn a Doctor of Philosophy degree at Harvard University. Also helped start the NAACP

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