28 terms

Chapter 3

STUDY
PLAY
public service
Work done to help the community.
common good
Something that is good for everyone in a community.
volunteer
A person who chooses to work without being paid.
elect
To vote for, or choose, a leader.
appoint
To choose for a government job without voting
authority
The right of a leader to give orders or take action.
conflict
A disagreement.
court
A place where a judge decides whether a person has broken the law and, if so, what the consequences will be.
jury
A group of usually six to twelve citizens who sit in a courtroom and listen to the facts of a case.
public property
Property, such as a park or swimming pool, that belongs to everyone in the community
private property
Property, such as a home business, or farm, that belongs to one person or a group of people.
mediator
A person who helps both sides settle a disagreement.
government service
Work that is done for a city or town by departments run by the government.
recreation
Any activity, hobby, or sport done for enjoyment
public works
A department that provides services such as garbage collection for a community
tax
The money the government collects from citizens to pay for the services they need.
property tax
A tax that is paid by people who own land and buildings in the community.
sales tax
Extra money that people must pay to support government services each time they buy something.
council
A group of citizens chosen to make decisions for a community.
legislative
The branch of government that makes new laws.
executive
The branch of government, led by a mayor, governor, or president, that sees that the laws are obeyed.
judicial
The branch of government that decides whether laws are fair and whether they have been fairly carried out.
county
Part of a state.
county seat
The city or town in which the county's leaders meet.
parish
The name given to local governments in the state of Louisiana by the Roman Catholic Church while the region was under Spanish rule.
governor
A state leader elected by the people.
capitol
The building in a capital city in which lawmakers
boundary
Another word for a border.