APUSH Final Exam Review

Causes of WWI
1. imperialism
2. nationalism
3. militarism
4. entangling alliances
5. industrialism
6. international anarchy
Allied forces nickname
Triple Entente
Allied forces members
1. Great Britain
2. France
3. Russia
4. Italy
5. US
6. Japan
7. Serbia
8. Belgium
Spark of WWI
assassination of archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie
patriotic feelings for country
Central Powers nickname
Triple Alliance
Central Powers members
1. Germany
2. Austria-Hungary
3. Bulgaria
4. Ottoman Empire
Reasons for US entry
1. sinking of the Lusitania
2. Zimmerman Note
3. submarine warfare
4. Russia drops out of the war
President during WWI
Woodrow Wilson
President's peace plan
14 Points
Treaty of Versailles
ended WWI
League of Nations
international security body
Roaring 20s
prosperous period after WWI
Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer
1. Red Scare
2. Palmer Raids
3. Communism
Sacco & Vanzetti
1. Italian anarchists
2. assassinated
3. lack of evidence
Immigration Laws (1920s)
1. Emergency Quote Law (1921)
2. Immigration Act (1924)
3. National Origins Act (1929)
Prohibition (what did it deal with?)
limitation in manufacture, consumption, and transportation of alcohol
Prohibition (what gave it its power?)
18th Amendment and Yolstead Act
Results of Prohibition
Temperance movement and organized crime
Scopes Monkey Trial
teaching evolution
Scopes Monkey Trial lawyers
William Jennings Bryan and Clarence Darrow
Charles Lindbergh
nonstop flight across Atlantic
G. Marconi
radio telegraph
brash women in the 1920s with shorter skirts and shorter hair
Harlem Renaissance
cultural movement in the 1920s in Harlem, New York
President Harding's biggest scandal
Teapot Dome scandal
ESCH Cummings Transportation Act
private railroads
Washington Naval Conference
reduce naval arms following WWI
5 Powers Treaty
create naval ratios
9 Powers Treaty
Chinese sovereignty
Teapot Dome scandal
two oil businessmen
Result of post-WWI tariffs
Great Depression
Dawes Plan
Germany's war reparations
Only country to pay off WWI debt
First Roman Catholic to run for President
Al Smith
October 29, 1929
Black Tuesday Stock Market Crash
Brain Trust
led by Harry Hopkins; New Deal
Harley-Smoot Tariff Bill
highest non-war protective tariff
New Deal
FDR's domestic program for reform
Civilian Conservation Corps - provided unskilled manual labor
Fireside Chats
FDR radio speeches
Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation - protected bank deposits
Federal Emergency Relief Act - helped states provide aid for unemployed
FERA leader
Harry Hopkins
Civil Works Administration
led by Harry Hopkins, provided work and created jobs
Huey Long
anti-New Deal; "Share Our Wealth"
Charles Coughlin
anti-New Deal; "National Union for Social Justice"
Dr. Francis Townsend
preliminary social security
Works Progress Administration - led by Harry Hopkins - created jobs with infrastructure
National Recovery Administration
provide codes of fair competition and to give labor the right of collective bargaining; blue eagle
Schechter Case
"sick chicken case", intrastate commerce, NIRA is unconstitutional
Frances Perkins
Secretary of Labor under FDR; first female Cabinet member
Mary Bethune
Black Cabinet
Agricultural Adjustment Act - aided farmers and regulated crop production
Dust Bowl
event in Midwest due to severe droughts
Congress of Industrial Organizations
Supreme Court Packing Plan
Justices over 70 who wouldn't retire would cause the hiring of new justice until the maximum of 15 was met (FDR)
What ended the Great Depression?
Tydings-McDuffie act
US will release the Philippines
Reciprocal Trade Agreements
If other countries lower their trade barriers, then we will do the same
How did Japan become powerful in the Pacific?
invades Manchuria and bombs cities in China
Invasion of Ethiopia
Italy annexed Ethiopia in May 1936
Francisco Franco
Dictator and leader of nationalists in Spanish Civil War; won
Munich Conference
1. Munich Pact - Germany gets Sudetenland, the world gets a "promise"
2. People - Chamberlain (Great Britain), Daladier (France), Hitler (Germany), Mussolini (Italy)
Policy of giving in to Hitler's demands
Invasion of Poland
Germany invades on Sept. 1, 1939
December 7, 1941
Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor
US Policy of Isolationism
Staying of world affairs
Lend-Lease Act
Supply war goods to countries at war except USSR
Policy of Getting Germany First
Politician's military
Internment Camps
Relocate Japanese-Americans as a result of Pearl Harbor bombing; Manzanar
Rosie the Riveter
Represented women in factories during WWII
VJ Day
August 15, 1945 - war in Pacific is over
VE Day
May 8, 1945 - Germany surrenders
European front; Pacific front; African front
Victories for Allies
Leapfrogging; island-hopping
War tactics of cutting off supply line
Okinawa and Iwo Jima
The last two and most important islands recaptured from the Japanese in 1945
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
First and second cities to be hit by an atomic bomb in an effort to end the war in Asia
GI Bill of Rights
Servicemen's Readjustment Act; education for WWII veterans