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Causes of WWI

1. imperialism
2. nationalism
3. militarism
4. entangling alliances
5. industrialism
6. international anarchy

Allied forces nickname

Triple Entente

Allied forces members

1. Great Britain
2. France
3. Russia
4. Italy
5. US
6. Japan
7. Serbia
8. Belgium

Spark of WWI

assassination of archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie


patriotic feelings for country

Central Powers nickname

Triple Alliance

Central Powers members

1. Germany
2. Austria-Hungary
3. Bulgaria
4. Ottoman Empire

Reasons for US entry

1. sinking of the Lusitania
2. Zimmerman Note
3. submarine warfare
4. Russia drops out of the war

President during WWI

Woodrow Wilson

President's peace plan

14 Points

Treaty of Versailles

ended WWI

League of Nations

international security body

Roaring 20s

prosperous period after WWI

Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer

1. Red Scare
2. Palmer Raids
3. Communism

Sacco & Vanzetti

1. Italian anarchists
2. assassinated
3. lack of evidence

Immigration Laws (1920s)

1. Emergency Quote Law (1921)
2. Immigration Act (1924)
3. National Origins Act (1929)

Prohibition (what did it deal with?)

limitation in manufacture, consumption, and transportation of alcohol

Prohibition (what gave it its power?)

18th Amendment and Yolstead Act

Results of Prohibition

Temperance movement and organized crime

Scopes Monkey Trial

teaching evolution

Scopes Monkey Trial lawyers

William Jennings Bryan and Clarence Darrow

Charles Lindbergh

nonstop flight across Atlantic

G. Marconi

radio telegraph


brash women in the 1920s with shorter skirts and shorter hair

Harlem Renaissance

cultural movement in the 1920s in Harlem, New York

President Harding's biggest scandal

Teapot Dome scandal

ESCH Cummings Transportation Act

private railroads

Washington Naval Conference

reduce naval arms following WWI

5 Powers Treaty

create naval ratios

9 Powers Treaty

Chinese sovereignty

Teapot Dome scandal

two oil businessmen

Result of post-WWI tariffs

Great Depression

Dawes Plan

Germany's war reparations

Only country to pay off WWI debt


First Roman Catholic to run for President

Al Smith

October 29, 1929

Black Tuesday Stock Market Crash

Brain Trust

led by Harry Hopkins; New Deal

Harley-Smoot Tariff Bill

highest non-war protective tariff

New Deal

FDR's domestic program for reform


Civilian Conservation Corps - provided unskilled manual labor

Fireside Chats

FDR radio speeches


Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation - protected bank deposits


Federal Emergency Relief Act - helped states provide aid for unemployed

FERA leader

Harry Hopkins

Civil Works Administration

led by Harry Hopkins, provided work and created jobs

Huey Long

anti-New Deal; "Share Our Wealth"

Charles Coughlin

anti-New Deal; "National Union for Social Justice"

Dr. Francis Townsend

preliminary social security


Works Progress Administration - led by Harry Hopkins - created jobs with infrastructure

National Recovery Administration

provide codes of fair competition and to give labor the right of collective bargaining; blue eagle

Schechter Case

"sick chicken case", intrastate commerce, NIRA is unconstitutional

Frances Perkins

Secretary of Labor under FDR; first female Cabinet member

Mary Bethune

Black Cabinet


Agricultural Adjustment Act - aided farmers and regulated crop production

Dust Bowl

event in Midwest due to severe droughts


Congress of Industrial Organizations

Supreme Court Packing Plan

Justices over 70 who wouldn't retire would cause the hiring of new justice until the maximum of 15 was met (FDR)

What ended the Great Depression?


Tydings-McDuffie act

US will release the Philippines

Reciprocal Trade Agreements

If other countries lower their trade barriers, then we will do the same

How did Japan become powerful in the Pacific?

invades Manchuria and bombs cities in China

Invasion of Ethiopia

Italy annexed Ethiopia in May 1936

Francisco Franco

Dictator and leader of nationalists in Spanish Civil War; won

Munich Conference

1. Munich Pact - Germany gets Sudetenland, the world gets a "promise"
2. People - Chamberlain (Great Britain), Daladier (France), Hitler (Germany), Mussolini (Italy)


Policy of giving in to Hitler's demands

Invasion of Poland

Germany invades on Sept. 1, 1939

December 7, 1941

Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor

US Policy of Isolationism

Staying of world affairs

Lend-Lease Act

Supply war goods to countries at war except USSR

Policy of Getting Germany First

Politician's military

Internment Camps

Relocate Japanese-Americans as a result of Pearl Harbor bombing; Manzanar

Rosie the Riveter

Represented women in factories during WWII

VJ Day

August 15, 1945 - war in Pacific is over

VE Day

May 8, 1945 - Germany surrenders

European front; Pacific front; African front

Victories for Allies

Leapfrogging; island-hopping

War tactics of cutting off supply line

Okinawa and Iwo Jima

The last two and most important islands recaptured from the Japanese in 1945

Hiroshima and Nagasaki

First and second cities to be hit by an atomic bomb in an effort to end the war in Asia

GI Bill of Rights

Servicemen's Readjustment Act; education for WWII veterans

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