300 terms

41's Aikido vocab digest

Aikido list edited to some of the most used aikijusu terms
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ai
harmony, unity, blending
aihanmi
basic relation between partners: both have same foot forward (left or right), compare gyakuhanmi
aihanmi katatedori
wrist grip, right on right or left on left, also called kosadori, compare gyakuhanmi katatedori
aiki
blending/uniting one's ki with that of the partner
aikibudo
budo based on the aiki principle, earlier name for aikido
aikido
the way through the life energy to harmony/unity
aikidoka
one who does aikido, specifically on an advanced or professional level
aikijutsu
name on the Daito ryu Martial art, also called aikijujutsu
aikitaiso
aikido warm-up exercises
arigato
thanks
arigato gozaimasu
thanks for something going on (very polite)
arigato gozaimashita
thanks for something completed (very polite)
ashi
leg, foot
atemi
strike to the body
barai/harai
parry, ward off
bo
staff, longer than the jo
bokken
wooden training sword
bu
war, battle, fight
budo
the way of war/battle, the Japanese Martial arts
budoka
one who does any budo, specifically on an advanced or professional level
bugei
battle art, old term
bushi
warrior
bushido
the way of the warrior
choku
direct
choku tsuki
direct strike with the jo
chudan
middle, compare jodan and gedan
chudan kamae
guard position with a weapon at belly height
chudan tsuki
strike at belly/solar plexus, with weapon or empty hand
dai
big, also o
Daito ryu
aikijutsu school Long Sword Tradition
dan
level, black belt grade in budo
deshi
student
do
way, also michi
dogi
training dress, also keikogi
dojo
training hall
domo
much
domo arigato gozaimas
thank you so much, for something going on
domo arigato gozaimashita
thank you so much, for something completed
dori
take, catch, grab
dosa
movement
doshu
way leader, head of a budo
dozo
please/by all means
empi
(strike with) elbow
gaeshi/kaeshi
returning, reversed
gamae/kamae
guard, basic position
gedan
low, compare jodan and chudan
gedanbarai
low block
geri
kick
gi
dress (training uniform)
giri/kiri
cut
go
five
gokyo
fifth teaching, pinning technique
gomen nasai
excuse me
gyaku
reverse, opposite
gyakuhanmi
basic relation between partners: they have opposite foot forward, compare aihanmi
gyakuhanmi katatedori
wrist grip, right on left or left on right, compare aihanmi katatedori
gyakutsuki
strike with opposing arm and leg forward, compare oitsuki
hachi
eight
hai
yes
hajime
begin
hakama
traditional wide pants, used in aikido
hanmi
half body
hantai
opposed
happo
eight directions, compare shiho
hara
stomach
harai/barai
sweep away, parry
harakiri
cut belly, ritual suicide, also called seppuku
hassogaeshi
jo-staff technique
hasso gamae
guard with weapon at shoulder level
hidari
left (right: migi)
hiji
elbow
hijidori
grip on elbow
hiki
pull
ho
method
ho
direction, side OR treasure
Hombu dojo
head dojo, used for Aikido's head dojo in Tokyo
iaido
the art of drawing the Japanese sword
ichi
one
iie
no
ikkyo
first teaching, pinning technique
ikkyo undo
exercise of the basic ikkyo movement
ippon
one point
ipponken
strike with one knuckle
irimi
in to the body, inwards, entering
iriminage
inward throw, throwing technique
jo
wooden staff, approx.127.5 centimeters
jodan
high, compare chudan and gedan
jodan kamae
guard with weapon over head
jodan tsuki
strike at head
ju
ten OR soft
judo
the soft way, or the way to softness
jujutsu
the soft art
jutsu
technique/art
kaeshi/gaeshi
returning, reverse
kaeshi tsuki
reverse strike with jo-staff
kaitennage
rotation throw, throwing technique
kakudo
angle
kamae/gamae
guard position
kami
divinity
kamiza
shrine, honorary place at front in a dojo, compare shomen and shinzen
kansetsu
joint (on body)
karatedo
the way of the empty hand, or the way through the hand to emptiness
kata
form, pre-decided movements OR shoulder
katadori
shoulder grip
katana
the Japanese sword, also ken, to and tachi
katate
one-hand technique
katatedori
wrist-grip
katate ryotedori
grip with both hands, also called morotedori
keiko/geiko
training
keikogi
training dress, also dogi
ken
sword, also katana, to and tachi
kendo
Japanese fencing
ki
spirit, life energy
kiai
gathered ki, usually used for SHOUT in budo
kihon
basics
kinagare/ki no nagare
streaming ki, flowing training, compare gotai, jutai and ryutai
kiri/giri
cut
koan
riddle in zen
kohai
one's junior, compare sempai
kokyu
breathing
kokyuho
breathing exercise, throwing technique
kokyunage
breath throw
kokyu ryoku
breath power
kosa
cross over, pass
kosadori
cross-over grip, same as aihanmi katatedori
koshi
hip
koshinage
hip throw
kote
wrist
kote gaeshi
reversed wrist, throwing technique
kotodama/kototama
spirit of words, Japanese sound mystique and cosmology
ku
nine
kubi
neck
kubishime
neck choke
kumitachi
sword exercises, sword against sword
kyo
principle, learning
kyu
"grade" before blackbelt, goes from 7 to 1, compare dan
ma
distance between training partners
ma-ai
harmonious, balanced distance between training partners
mae
front, forward, compare ushiro
mae geri
straight kick
mae ukemi
forward fall
me
eye
men
head
migi
right (left: hidari)
misogi
purification, cleansing
mochi
hold/grip, also called dori lit."sticky-rice"
mochikata
gripping attacks
mokuso
meditation, also called zazen
morotedori
grip with both hands, also called katate ryotedori
mu
nothing, empty
mushin
empty mind
mudansha
trainee without dan grade, compare yudansha
mune
chest
musubi
tie together
nagare
flow, streaming
nage
throw, also used for the one doing the aikido technique, compare tori
nagewaza
throwing techniques
nana
seven, also pronounced shichi
ni
two
Nihon/Nippon
Japan
nikajo
older name for nikyo
nikyo
second teaching, pinning technique, turns wrist in
ninja
courier and spy in old Japan
Nippon/Nihon
Japan
o
big, also dai
obi
belt
omote
front, surface, compare ura
onegai shimasu
please, asking for something
o sensei
great teacher, in aikido Morihei Ueshiba
otagai ni rei
bow to each others
otoshi
drop
randori
disorderly grabbing, free training, "Chaos"
rei
bow
reishiki
etiquette
renzoku
continuous
renzoku uchikomi
jo-staff exercise
rokkyo
sixth teaching, pinning technique, see hijikime osae
roku
six
ryo
both
ryotedori
gripping both wrists
ryu
school
samurai
to serve, Japanese warrior class
san
three
sankajo
older term for sankyo
sankyo
third teaching, pinning technique, twist wrist
satori
enlightenment in zen
seika
no itten, the one point below the navel, the body center, also called tanden
seiza
correct sitting, sit on knees
sempai
one's senior, compare kohai
sensei
teacher
seppuku
cut belly, ritual suicide with sword, also called harakiri
shi
four, also pronounced yon
shichi
seven, also pronounced nana
shihan
master, expert, high title for aikido teacher, from 6 dan, compare fukushidoin and shidoin
shiho
four directions
shihonage
four directions throw, throwing technique
shikko
knee walking
shime
choke
shinai
kendo sword of bamboo
shinken
sharp authentic Japanese sword
shinto
the way of the gods, Japanese religion
sho
first, beginning
shodan
first dan grade
shomen
front of the head
shomen
head place of the dojo, compare shinzen and kamiza
shomen ni rei
bow to head place of the dojo
shomenuchi
cut or blow to head
shuto
hand ridge strike
soto
outside, outer, compare uchi
sotodeshi
student who lives outside the dojo, compare uchideshi
suburi
basic exercises with sword or staff
sumimasen
excuse me
suwariwaza
seated training, also called suwate
tachi
sword, also to, ken and katana
tachi
stand
tachidori
defense against sword
tachiwaza
training standing up
tai
body
taiso
exercises
tanden
body center, compare seika no itten
tanto/tanken
knife
tantodori
defense against knife
tao/dao
Chinese for do, the "way"
tatami
mat
te
hand
tekubi
wrist
tenkan
turn
tomauchi
jo-staff technique
tori
the one who takes, defender in aikido, also called nage and shite
torifune
rowing exercise, also called funakogi undo
tsuki
strike, with a weapon or empty hand
uchi
hit
uchi
inside, within, inner, compare soto
uchideshi
student living in the dojo, compare sotodeshi
uchikomi
hitting repeatedly
uchiuke
block from inside, compare sotouke
ude
arm
uke
the one receiving, attacker in aikido, the "fall guy"
uke
block, parry
ukemi
falling
undo
exercise
ura
backside, inside, reverse side, compare omote
uraken
backhand strike
ushiro
behind, backwards, compare mae
ushiro geri
backward kick
ushiro ukemi
backward fall
wakizashi
short sword
waza
technique, skill, training method
yame
stop
yoko
side, sideways, horizontal
yokogeri
side kick
yokogiri
horizontal cut
yokomen
side of the head
yokomenuchi
strike to the side of the head
yoko ukemi
side fall
yon
four, also pronounced shi
yonkajo
older term for yonkyo
yonkyo
fourth teaching, pinning technique
Yoshinkan
Shioda sensei's aikido school
yudansha dan
graded, compare mudansha
zanshin
remaining spirit, continued concentration
zazen
sitting meditation, also called mokuso
zen
a form of buddhism
zori
sandals
1
ichi
2
ni
3
san
4
shi / yon
5
go
6
roku
7
shichi / nana
8
hachi
9
ku
10
ju
20
ni-ju
21
ni-ju-ichi
100
hyaru
1000
issen
seiza rei
seated bow
tachi rei
standing bow
matte
stop
mitsugi
Secrets held within a certain group
kokyu ho tenkan
turning breath exercise
koho tenho
rolling backwards
ude undo
arm exercise
saiya undo / sayu undo
"left-right" exercise; in-block, low block, sink
agida
cross-legged sitting
kokyuho doza
seated breath exercise (takedown)
happo giri
8 direction bokken cut
furin kazan
motto of Takeda Samurai: Swift as the Wind, Quiet as the Forest, Fierce as Fire, Immovable as a Mountain
mon
badge of a clan
kyo
to teach
"Masa katsu agatsu"
"True victory is victory over one's self" ~O Sensei
ju-ichi
11
Do itashimashite
you're welcome
Ja matta
goodbye (informal)
kiba dachi
horse stance
musubi dachi
attention stance
neko ashi dachi
Cat foot stance
atama
head
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