66 terms

Sadlier-Oxford Level G Unit 7-9 Review

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Terms in this set (...)

allay
(v.) to calm or pacify, set to rest; to lessen or relieve
bestial
(adj.) beastlike; beastly, brutal; subhuman in intelligence and sensibility
convivial
(adj.) festive, sociable, having fun together, genial
coterie
(n.) a circle of acquaintances; a close-knit, often exclusive, group of people with a common interest
counterpart
(n.) a person or thing closely resembling or corresponding to another; a complement
demur
(v.) to object or take exception to; (n.) an objection
effrontery
(n.) shameless boldness, impudence
embellish
(v) decorate, add ornamentation; enhance (a story) with fictional or fanciful details
ephemeral
(adj.) lasting only a short time, short-lived
felicitous
(adj.) appropriate, apt, well chosen; marked by well-being or good fortune, happy
furtive
(adj.) done slyly or stealthily, sneaky, secret, shifty; stolen
garish
(adj.) glaring; tastelessly showy or overdecorated in a vulgar or offensive way
illusory
(adj.) misleading, deceptive; lacking in or not based on reality
indigent
(adj.) needy, impoverished
inordinate
(adj.) far too great, exceeding reasonable limits, excessive
jettison
(v.) to cast overboard, get rid of as unnecessary or burdensome
misanthrope
(n.) a person who hates or despises people
pertinacious
(adj.) very persistent; holding firmly to a course of action or a set of beliefs; hard to get rid of, refusing to be put off or denied
picayune
(adj.) of little value or importance, paltry, measly; concerned with trifling matters, small-minded
raiment
(n.) clothing, garments
threshold
(n.) the board or stone that lies under a door, sill
wraith
(n.) a ghostly apparition, specter
allege
(v.) to assert without proof or confirmation
arrant
(adj.) thoroughgoing, out-and-out; shameless, blatant
badinage
(n.) light and playful conversation
conciliate
(v.) to overcome the distrust of, win over; to appease, pacify; to reconcile, make consistent
countermand
(v.) to cancel or reverse one order or command with another that is contrary to the first
echelon
(n.) one of a series of grades in an organization or field of activity; an organized military unit; a steplike formation or arrangement
exacerbate
(v.) to make more violent, severe, bitter, or painful
fatuous
(adj.) stupid or foolish in a self-satisfied way
irrefutable
(adj.) impossible to disprove; beyond argument
juggernaut
(n.) a massive and inescapable force or object that crushes whatever is in its path
lackadisical
(adj.) lacking spirit or interest, halfhearted
litany
(n.) a prayer consisting of short appeals to God recited by the leader alternating with responses from the congregation; any repetitive chant; a long list
macabre
(adj.) grisly, gruesome; horrible, distressing; having death as a subject
melange
(n.) a mixture, medley
paucity
(n.) an inadequate quantity, scarity, dearth
portend
(v.) to indicate beforehand that something is about to happen; to give advance warning of
raze
(v.) to tear down, destroy completely; to cut or scrape off or out
recant
(v.) to withdraw a statement or belief to which one has previously been committed, renounce, retract
saturate
(v.) to soak thoroughly, fill to capacity; to satisfy fully
saturnine
(adj.) of a gloomy or surly disposition; cold or sluggish in mood
slough
(v.) to cast off, discard; to get rid of something objectionable or unnecessary; to plod through as if through mud; (n.) a mire, a state of depression
substantive
(adj.) pertaining to the essence or substance of something; existing in its own right; real, not apparent; solid; of major importance
acclamation
(n.) a shout of welcome; an overwhelming verbal vote of approval

synonyms: ovation, cheering, plaudits

antonyms: booing, hissing, jeers, catcalls
bucolic
(adj.) characteristic of the countryside, rural; relating to shepherds and cowherds, pastoral

synonyms: rustic

antonyms: urban, metropolitan
calumniate
(v.) to slander; to accuse falsely and maliciously

synonyms: defame, libel

antonyms: flatter, whitewash, praise
chary
(adj.) extremely cautious, hesitant, or slow (to); reserved, diffident

synonyms: wary, skittish
antonyms: heedless, reckless, incautious
collusion
(n.) secret agreement or cooperation

synonyms: conspiracy, plot, connivance, cahoots
dilettante
(n.) a dabbler in the arts; one who engages in an activity in an amateurish, trifling way; (adj.) superficial

synonyms: amateur, trifler

antonym: professional
imperturbable
(adj.) not easily excited; emotionally steady

synonyms: unflappable, unexcitable, serene, unruffled

antonym: excitable
increment
(n.) an enlargement, increase, addition

synonyms: accretion, gain

antonyms: loss, reduction, decrease
mandate
(n.) an authoritative command, formal order, authorization; (v.) to issue such an order

synonym: (n.)directive

antonyms: (v.) forbid, ban, outlaw
paltry
(adj.) trifling, insignificant; mean, despicable; inferior, trashy

synonyms: measly, meager, piddling, trivial

antonyms: gigantic, immense, colossal
paroxysm
(n.) a sudden outburst; a spasm, convulsion

synonyms: fit, seizure
pedantry
(n.) a pretentious display of knowledge; overly rigid attention to rules and details

synonyms: nit-picking, hairsplitting, pettifoggery
peregrination
(n.) the act of traveling; an excursion, especially on foot or to a foreign country

synonyms: journey, wandering, odyssey
profane
(adj.) impure, defiled; worldly, not connected with religious or spiritual matters; (v.) to treat with irreverence or contempt

synonyms: irreverent; indecent, lewd; to desecrate

antonyms: reverent; decent, unsalacious; to hallow
proffer
(v.) to present or offer

synonyms: to offer, present, tender

antonyms: to withhold, keep back; to accept, receive
redolent
(adj.) fragrant, smelling strongly; tending to arouse memories or create an aura

synonyms: evocative, reminiscent, aromatic

antonyms: unevocative, odorless
refulgent
(adj.) shining, radiant, resplendent

synonyms: luminous, splendid

antonyms: dim, dark, obscure, dingy, dull, murky
shibboleth
(n.) a word, expression, or custom that distinguishes a particular group of persons from all others; a commonplace saying or truism

synonyms: catchphrase, password, slogan
tyro
(n.) a beginner, novice; one with little or no background or skill

synonym: neophyte

antonyms: veteran, past master, expert
unremitting
(adj) not stopping, maintained steadily, never letting up, relentless

synonyms: constant, incessant, unrelenting

antonyms: desultory, intermittent
vacillate
(v.) to swing indecisively from one idea or course of action to another; to waver weakly in mind or will

synonyms: seesaw, fluctuate, oscillate

antonym: persevere
vituperative
(adj.) harshly abusive, severely scolding

synonyms: abusive, scurrilous, insulting

antonyms: complimentary, laudatory, flattering

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