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451 terms

Smurthwaite Latin III FINAL

vocabulary
STUDY
PLAY
incolo, incolere, incolui
to live in, inhabit
institutum, i N
custom
flumen, fluminis N
river
propterea
for this reason, therefore
propterea quod
because
cultus, us M
care; culture, civilization
humanitas, humanitatis A
human nature; kindness; refinement
longissime < longe ADV
by far, far off, far away
minime saepe
least often
commeo, commeare, -avi, -atus
to come and go, go back and forth, go to visit
effemino, are, avi, atus
to make effeminate; to weaken
animus, i M
soul, spirit
pertineo, pertinere, pertinui
to reach to, extend; to pertain, refer to tend
contenenter, ADV
continuously
virtus, virtutis F
courage
praecedo, praecedere, praecessi, praecessurus
to go in front, surpass
fere ADV
almost, approximately
cotidianus, a, um
daily
contendo, ere, contendi, contentus
to stretch, strain, to strive, struggle
finis, finis M
end, boundary; pl: territory
prohibeo, ere, prohibui, prohibitus
to keep someone away from something
obtineo, ere, obtinui, obtentus
to control
initium, i N
beginning
contineo, ere, continui, contentus
to hold together, contain, enclose, border
attingo, ere, attigi, attactus
to touch, reach, extend up to
vergo, vergere,
incline, lie, slope, to turn, be situated, face
septentriones, septentrionum M
the seven oxen = North
extremus, a, um
outermost, farthest
orior, oriri, ortus sum
to rise, arise, begin
inferior, inferioris
lower
occasum < occido
the setting [of the sun]
apud + acc
at the house of, near, with, among
ditissimus
super of dives, divitis, rich
regnum, i N
royal power, rule; kingdomd
cupiditas, cupiditatis, F
desire
induco, inducere, induxi, inductus
to lead on, influence
coniuratio, coniurationis, F
conspsiracy
nobilitas, nobilitatis F
nobility
civitas, civitatis F
citizenship; state, tribe
copia, ae F
supply, abundance; pl resources, forces
exirent, exire, exivi, exitus
to depart
perfacilis, is e
very easy
praesto, praestare, praestiti, praestitus + DAT
to stand out, surpass
imperium, i N
power, rule
potior, potiri, potitus sum + abl or gen
to get possession of, get control of
undique ADV
from all sides, in all directions
latus, a, um
broad, wide
altus, a, um
tall, high; deep
fio, fieri, factus sum
to happen
vagor, vagari, vagatus sum
to wander
finitimus, a, um
neighboring; as substantive: neighbor
infero, inferre, intuli, illatus
to bring, carry on, inflict on
bellum inferre
to make war on someone [in DAT]
parte
here it means 'reason'
bello, are, avi, atus
to make war
cupidus, a, um
desirous of + gen; eager to
dolor, doloris M
pain, distress; anger, resentment
adficio, adficere, adfeci, adfectus
to do, treat, affect
pro
in proportion to, relative to
multitudo, multitudinis F
large number, large amount
fortitudo, fortitudinis F
bravery
angustus, a, um
compressed, narrow
arbitror, ari, atus sum
to think
longitudo, longitudinis F
length
mille passus; milia passuum N
mile
latitudo, latitudinis F
width
pateo, patere, patui
to lie open, be accessible; to sgtretch out, extend
adduco, ere, adduxi, adductus
to lead forward, lead on, influence
actoritas, auctoritatis F
prestige
permoveo, ere, permovi, permotus
to move thoroughly; to influence, prevail upon, persuade
iumentum, i N
draft animal
carrus, i M
wagon, cart
quam maximum
as . . . as possible
coemo, coemere
to buy
sementis, sementis F
planating, sowing
suppeto, suppetere, suppetivi, suppetiturus
to be at hand, be availabled
amicitia, ae F
friendship
confirmo, are, avi, atus
to strenghten, establish
biennium, i N
2 year period
profectio, profectionis F
departure
deligo, deligere, delexi, delectus
to choose
legatio, legationis F
diplomatic mission, embassy
suscipio, suscipere, suscepi, susceptus
to undertake, take on
item
likewise
principatus, us M
leadership
acceptus
accepted
idem
the same thing
perfacile factu
a very easy thing to do
probo [1]
approve; to prove, demonstrate, show
perficio, perficere, perfeci, perfectus
to complete
quin + Subj
but that, that
plurimum posse
to be the most powerful
concilio, are, avi, atus
to win over, reconcile; to gain, secure
oratio, orationis F
oration, speech
fides, fidei F
faith, good faith; pledge
ius, iuris N
rightness, justice; legal power, authority
ius iurandum, iuris iurandi N
oath
potens, potentis
powerful
spero [1]
hope
indicium i N
information, disclosure, i.e., through an informant
enuntio, enuntiare, enuntiavi, enuntiatus
to announce, report
mos, moris M
habit, custom
moribus suis
in accordance with their customs
vinculum or vinclum i N
chain
ex vinclis
in chains
causam dicere
to plead a case
cogo, cogere, coegi, coactus
to gather, collect; to force, compel
poenam sequi
be applied to him, to imposed on him
oportet, oportere, oportuit
it is fitting, ought
dictio, dictionis, F
pleading a case
iudicium i N
judgment; trial, court
ad + numbers
about, approximately
cliens, clientis M
client, dependent
obaeratus, i M
debtor
eodem ADV
to the same place
conduco, conducere, conduxi, conductus
to lead together, gather
eripio, eripere, eripui, erep;tus
snatch out; to rescue, save
ob + DO
because of
incito [1]
to spur on, stir up
exsequor, exsequi, excecutus sum
to follow through, carry out
magistratus, us M
official, magistrate
conscisco, consciscere, conscivi, conscitus
to approve, decide upon
sibi mortem consciverit
decided upon death for himself, i.e., committed suicide
nihilio minus ADV
nevertheless
numero
in number
vicus, i M
village
incendo, incendere, incendi, incensus
to burn, set fire to
praeterquam ADV
beyond, besides, except
comburo, comburere, combussi, combustus
to burn up
reditio, reditionis F
return
spes, spei F
hope
tollo, tollere, sustuli, sublatus
to life, raise; to pick up, take away
subeo, subire, subii or subivi, subiturus
to undergo
mensis, mensis M
month
molita cibaria
ground grain
quisque, quidque
each person, each one, every one
utor, uti, usus sum + abl
to sue, make use of
usi
having made use of = having adopted, after adopting
exuro, exurere, exussi, exustus
to burn up, burn out
una ADV
together
oppugno, [1]
to attack
ascisco, asciscere, ascivi, ascitus
to take, receive, join
omnino
altogether, in all
vix
with difficulty, scarcely
qua [adv]
where, by what route, along which
impendeo, impendere, impendi, impensus
to hang over
perpauci, ae, a
very few
expeditus, a, um
unimpeded, without baggage; available, convenient
paco, are, avi, atus
to pacify
nuper [adv]
recently
fluo, fluere, fluxi, fluctus
to flow
non nullus, a, um, often written as one word nonnullus
some, several
vadum, i N
shallow place, ford
pons, pontis, M
bridge
nondum
not yet
bono animo [abl of description]
of good mind; favorable, well disposed
existimo, are, avi, atus
to evaluate, judge, consider, think
ripa, ae F
bank of a river
conor, conari, conatus sum
attempt, try
proficiscor, proficisci, profectus sum
depart, set out
contendo, contendere, contendi, contentus
stretch, draw tight
rescindo, rescindere, rescidi, rescissus
dut down, destroy
adventus, adventus M
arrival, visit
certus, a, um
certain, settled, fixed
ullus, a, um
any
maleficium, i N
crime, misdeed, offense
voluntas, voluntatis F
will, desire, purpose
licet, licere, licuit. IMPERSONAL
it is lawful, one has permission, it is permitted, one may, one is allowed
occido, occidere, occidi, occisus
kill, murder
pello, pellere, pepuli, pulsus
beat, drive ut
concedo, concedere, concessi, concessus
relinquish, give up; yield, submit; to allow, grant
facultas, facultatis F
means, ability
intercedo, intercedere, intercessi, intercessus
to come between; intervene, interrupt
dum
while, until
delibero [1]
weigh, consider, deliberate
sumo, sumere, sumpsi, sumptus
take up, begin, suppose
reverto, revertere, reverti
turn back, go back
pervenio, pervenire, perveni, perventus
to arrive
legatio, legationis F
diplomatic mission, embassy
iugum, i N
yoke
tempero [1]
to refrain
praemitto, praemittere, praemisi, praemissus
to send ahead
equitatus, us M
cavalry
essedarius, i
Warrior who fights from a charriot
plerumque
generally, mostly
genus, generis, N
type, class
quo . . . genere
a type [of fighting] which
consuesco, consuescere, consuevi, consuetus
to become accustomed; in perfect, to be accustomed, to be in the habit
subsequor, subsequi, subsecutus sum
to follow closely, follow
prohibeo + inf
to complete
magnitudo, magnitudinis F
large size, size
altum, i N
the deep, the sea
nisi in also
except in deep water
nisi
except, lest, unless
constituo, ere, constitui, constitutus
to extablish; in military: set up, station, position
ignotus, a, um
unknown
impeditus, a, um
obstructed, impeded, hindered, burdened
onus, oneris N
burden, load
desilio, desilire, desilui, desulturus
to leap down, jump down
fluctus, us M
wave
consisto, consistere, constiti
to halt, stand, take a stand; of soldiers, to take a position
aridum, i N
dry land, land
paulum, i N
a little
membrum, i N
limg
notus, a, um
well known, familiar
telum, i N
spear
coicio, coicere, coieci, coiectus
to throw
insuefactus, a, um
accustomed; trained, well-trained
pugna, ae F
fight
imperitus, a, um
inexperienced, unskilled
alacritas, alacritatis F
speed, quickness
studium, i N
enthusiasm, zeal
pedester, pedestris, pedestre
on foot
animadverto, animadvertere, animadverti, animadversus
to observe, notice, perceive
naaves longas
galleys, warships
species, speciei, F
appearance
inusitatus, a, um
unfamiliar
motus, motus M
movement
usus, usus, M
use
onerarius, a, um
designed for cargo
remus, i M
oar
latus, lateris N
side
apertus, a, um
open, unprotected
inde ADV
from there
funda, ae
slignshot
sagitta, ae
arrow
tormentum, i N
catapult
propello, propellere, propuli, propulsus
to drive forward; to drive away
submoveo, submovere, submovi, submotus
to move away
figura, ae F
appearance
pedem referre
idiom: to bring one's foot back, i.e., withdraw, retreat
cunctor, ari, atus sum
to delay, hesitate
altitudo, altitudinis F
height, depth
decimus, a, um
tenth
aquila, ae F
eagle; symbol of the Roman state and Legion
contestor, ari, atus sum
to call to witness, call upon, appeal
feliciter
fortunately, successfully
evenio, evenire, eveni, eventurus
to come out, turn out
prodo, prodere, prodidi, proditus
to hand over, hand down; to betray
imperator, imperatoris M
commander, general
officium, i N
duty, service
praesitero < praesto
here to provide offer
coepi, coepisse, coeptus
to begin
cohortor, ari, atus sum
to encourage
dedecus, dedecoris N
shame, disgrace
admitto, admittere, admisi, admissus
to let in; to become guilty, to commit [crime]
universus, a, um
all together
scapha, ae F
boat
acriter [ADV]
fiercely
uterque, utraque, utrumque
each [ of two], both
ab utrisque
by both sides, on both sides
ordo, ordinis M
order; military formation, rank
servo [1]
in military terms: to preserve, maintain
ordines servare
to maintain order, rank
firmiter ADV
firmly, steadily
insisto, insistere, institi
to stand on; to push forward, advance
signum, i N
sign, signal; standard
alius alia ex navi
one from one ship, [another from another]; men from different ships
quicumque, quaecumque, quodcumque
whichever, whatever
occurro, occurrere, occurri, occursus + DAT
to meet
aggrego, aggregare, aggregavi, aggregatus
to join
magnopere ADV
greatly
perturbo [1]
to disturb, confuse
vero ADV
in truth, truly, indeed; however
litus, litoris N
shore
aliqui, aliquae, aliquod
some
singularis, is, e
single, one at a time, individual
speculatorius, a, um
designed for spying or scouting
incitatis equis
with their horses urged on; with their horses at full speed
adorior, adoriri, adortus sum
to rise up against, atack
navigum, i N
vessel, boat
circumsisto, circumsistere, circumsteti
to take a stand around to surround
speculatoria navigia
scouting vessels
compleo, complere, complevi, completus
to fill
subsidium, i N
assistance, aid
simul = simul atque
as soon as
constiterunt
got a firm footing; took a stand
consequor, consequi, consecutus sum
to catch up
impetus, us M
attack
in fugam dare
to put to flight
longius
too far
cursus, us M
course
capere
here to reach, not to capture
ad
in reference to, in comparison to, relative to
pristinus, a, um
former, original, previous
desum, deesse, defui, defuturus + DAT
to be missing, be lacking
supero [1]
to overcome, defeat
simul atque
as soon as
se receperunt
recovered themselves
obses, obsidis M
hostage
polliceor, polliceri, pollicitus sum
to promise
supra ADV
above, previously
demonstro [1]
to point out, show, mention
oratoris modo
in the manner of an orator
mandatum, i N
order, command
defero, deferre, detuli, delatus
to carry down; to report, deliver
comprehendo, comprehendere, comprehendi, comprehensus
to seize
culpa, ae F
fault, blame
ignosco, ignoscere, ignovi, ignotus + DAT
to forgive, pardon
queror, queri, questus sum
to complain
ultro ADV
beyond, furthermore; voluntarily, without being asked
continens, continentis F
continent, mainland
improdentia, ae F
lack of wisdom, poor judgment
longinquus, a, um
far away, distant
accerso, accersere, accersivi, accersitus
to call, summon
remigro [1]
to move back, go back
commendo [1]
to commit for protection, entrust
superior, superioris
higher
est . . . ventum
it was arived, i.e., they arrived, the arrival took place
portus, us M
harbor
lenis, is, e
soft, gentle
solvo, solvere, solvi, solutus
to set free, release, untie; to set sail [i.e., untying the mooring ropes]
tempestas, tempestatis F
weather, storm
coorior, cooriri, coortus sum
to arise
unde ADV
from where
propius ADV
nearer
solis occasum
setting of the sun, i.e., the west
deicio, deicere, deieci, deictus
to throw down, to drive off course
ancora, ae F
anchor
necessario ADV
necessarily, of necessity
adversus, a, um < adverto
turned toward, facing, standing opposite
adversa nocte
when night was facing, i.e., when night was approaching, as night was falling
proveho, provehere, provexi, provectus
to carry forwards, carry along; in passive: move, advance, sail, put out to sea
accidit, accidere, accidit
it happens
maritimus, a, um
of the sea, maritime
aestus, us M
heat; agitation, surge, ebb and flow
maritimos aestus
tides
efficio, efficere, effeci, effectus
to bring about, cause
incognitus, a, um
unknown
curo [1]
to take care of, arrange for
exercitum, transportandum curaverat
had arranged for the army to be transported
subduco, subducere, subduxi, subductus
to draw up from below; raise, haul up
deligo [1]
to bind, tie up
adflicto [1]
to shatter, damage severely
neque ulla . . . facultas
and no opportunity
administro 1]
to administer, manage
auxilior, auxiliari, auxiliatus sum
to help
complure, es, a
several
funis, funis F
rope
armamenta, orum N PL
tackle, ship's equipment
inutilis is, e
useless
perturbatio, perturbationis F
disturbance
reficio, reficere, refeci, refectus
to make again, restore, repair
erant usui
DAT of purpose: were of use
consto, constare, constiti, constaturus
to stand together, stand firm, agree; impersonal, it is agreed
hiemo, are
to spend the winder
hiems, hiemis F
winter
provideo, providee, providi, provisus
to foreww; to provide against, provide for
intellego, intellegere, intellexi, intellectus
to understand
paucitas, paucitatis F
small number
exiguitas, exiguitatis F
scantiness, scarcity, smallness
hoc
because of this; for this reason
duxerunt
thought
commeatus, um M
going to and fro; convoy; provisions, supplies
produco, producere, produxi, productus
to lead forward
reditus, us M
return
intercludo, intercludere, interclusi, interclusus
to shut out, shut off, cut off
postea ADV
later on, afterwards
confido, confidere, confisus sum
to trust confidently, te assured, believe
rursus ADV
again
paulatim ADV
little by little, gradually
discedo, discedere, discessi, discessurus
to ge away, depart, leave
clam ADV
secretly
etsi CONJ
even if, although
eventus, us M
occurrence, event; consequence, result
intermitto, intermittere, intermisi, intermissus
to leave off, neglect; to pause, cease
suspicor, suspicari, suspicatus
to suspect
suspicabatur
began to suspect
casus, casus M
accident, misfortune, emergency
subsidia
safeguards
cotidie ADV
daily
materia, ae F
matter, material; in this context = timber
aes, aeris N
bronze
commode
suitably, properly, appropriately, well
consuetudo, consudtudinis F
custom, habit
ex consuetudine
from custom, according to custom; as usual
frumentor, frumentari, frumentatus sum
to find food, forage
interpono, interponere, interposui, interpositus
to put between, insert, introduce
ventito [1]
to come often, keep coming, go back and forth
statio, stationis F
standing still; position, post, guard duty
pulvis, pulveris F
dust, cloud of dust
quam consuetudo ferret
than habit brought; than usual
ineo, inire, inivi or inii, initus
to go into, enter; to enter upon, begin, undertake
cohors, cohortis F
cohort, 1/10th of a legion
succedo, succedere, successi, successurus
to go under, enter; to follow, take the place of
armo [1]
to arm
armari pass inf
has a reflexive sense: to arm themselves
confestim ADV
immediately, without delay
paulo ADV
by a little, a little
procedo, procedere, processi, processurus
to go forward, advance
premo, premere, pressi, pressus
to press, press upon, press hard
aegre
uncomfortably, with dislike, with difficulty
sustineo, sustinere, sustinui, sustentus
to sustain, endure, withstand, hold out
confertus, a, um
pressed together, dense, closely packed
huc ADV
to this place, here
noctu ADV
at night
delitesco, delitescere, delitui
to conceal onself, hide
dispergo, dispergere, dispersi, dispersus
to disperse, scatter
meto, metere, messui, messus
to harvest
incertus, a, um
uncertain; disorganized
essedum, i N
Celtic/british chariot
circumdo, circumdare, circumdedi, circumdatus
to surround
perequito, perequitare
to ride through
strpitus, us M
noise
rota, ae F`
wheel
turma, ae F
squadron
insinuo, insinuare, insinuavi
to wind one's way among, bring in
proelior, proeliari, proeliatus sum
to fight a batle
auriga, ae F
charioteer
interim ADV
meanwhile
excedo, excedere, excessi, excessurus
to go out
currus, us M
chariot
colloc [1]
to locate, plac3
receptus, us M
a drawing back, withdrawl, retreat
pedes, peditis M
fool soldier
praestant
offer, provide
exercitatio, exercitationis F
training, practice
declivis, is, e
sloping, downhill
praeceps, praecipitis
headfirt, steep
loco
ground, terrain
sustinere
here: to control, to keep in check
brevi
quickly
moderor, moderari, moderatus sum
to control
flecto, flectere, flexi, flexus
to bend; to turn
temo, temonis M
pole, tongue [placed between horses to pull chariot
se recipere
idiom: to take oneself back, retreat
cito ADV
swiftly, quickly
novitas, novitatis F
newness, novelty
opportunus, a, um
convenient, suitable, advantageous
namque
for indeed
se receperunt
recovered
lacesso, lacessere, lacessivi, lacessitus
to provoke, challenge
committo, committere, commisi, commissus
to bring together, join; to enter into, engage in, begin
alienus, a, um
belonging to another, foreigh; ina ppropriate, unfavorable
intermisso
with time expressions intermitto = to go by, pass
nuntius, i M
messenger; message
dimitto, dimittere, dimisi, dimissus
to send away
praedico [1]
to declare publicly, report, announce
quantus, a, um
how much, how great, what a great
perpetuus, a, um
perpetual, everlasting; in perpetuum = forever
peditatus, us M
infantry, foot soldiers
celeritas, celeritatis F
quickness, speed
nancisor, nancisci, nactus sum
to get, obtain
circiter ADV
about, approximately
acies, acies F
line of battle
diutius
for too long, comp. of diu
ferre
to endure, withstand
terga vertere
to turn the backs, to turn and flee
tanto spatio
over as much distance
longe lateque
far and wide
cursu et viribus
with [their] running and strength; with their strength, at running/to run