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43 terms

sociology 101

jaye houston's class
STUDY
PLAY
Industrial Revolution
rapid development of industry, brought introduction of machinery
Marx's Theory
class distinctions, conflict theory, proletariate/bourgeoise
Weber's Theory
ideal type, measuring stick-yard stick
Durkheim's Theory
solidarity, glue holding society together, suicide solidarity act, socials facts, functionalist
Berger
The world is not as is seems
Mead
the influential role of culture and socialization in gender-role differentation
functionalist Perspective
a sociological approach that emphasizes the way that the parts of a society are structured to maintain its stability
Primary Group
a small group characterized by intimate, face- to- face association and cooperation
In Group
any group or category to which people feel they belong
Out Group
a group or category to which people feel they do not belong
Means of Production
facilities and resources for producing goods
Proletariate
workers or working-class people, lowest class of people in ancient Rome (Marxist view)
Bourgeoise
upper class lifestyle(Marxist view)
Division of Labor
worker or group of workers assigned a specialized task in order to increase efficiency
Social Role
various types of roles-a set of expectations for people who occupy given social position or status.
Solidarity Types
crime is functional, division labor/ society competition
Sociological Imagination
an awareness of the relationship between an individual and the wider society, both today and in the past; understand the links between our immediate personal social settings and the remote, impersonal social world that's surrounds us and helps shape us.
Social Interaction
everyday events in which people take one another into account by consciously an unconsciously attaching meaning to a situation, interpreting what others are saying and then responding accordingly.
Social Facts
a belief that we have agreed on as true and became a social norm that wasn't questioned. ex. don't like hairy men or women.
Culture
a way of life, shared ways of doing things and adapting to our environment
Subculture
shares distinctive characteristics of larger culture , culture with in a culture.
Values
a collective conception of what is considered good, desirable, and proper- or bad, undesirable and improper- in a culture.
Beliefs
accepts as something is true or real.
Norms
an established standard of behavior maintained by a society.
Mores
norms deemed highly necessary to the welfare of a society.
Folkways
a norm governing everyday social behavior whose violation raises comparatively little concern
Class
system of social stratification in which individual achievements is of considerable importance.
Caste
system of social stratification based almost entirely on ascription.
Life Chances
Max Weber's term for people's opportunities to provide themselves with material goods, positive living conditions, and favorable life experiences.
Socialization
process by which we become members of our society, begins at birth ends at death.
Nature/ Nurture
coincide with each other, the social environment or interactions that make up every person's life, human genetic makeup or biologically inherited traits
Internalization
a process through which we make our society's norms, values, and beliefs our own
Ascribed
a social position that is "assigned" to a person by society without regard for the person's unique talents or characteristics
Achieved
a social positioned attained by a personal largely through his or her own efforts.
Social Stratification
structured ranking of entire groups of people that perpetuates unequal economic rewards and power in a society.
Social Categories
caste system, class system, upper class, middle class, working class, lower class, absolute poverty
Life Chances
Max Weber's term for people's opportunities to provide themselves with material goods, positive living conditions, and favorable life experiences
Symbolic Gestures
pantomimes that signify actions, facilitate social interactions
Labeling Theory
a theory in attempt to explain why certain people are viewed as deviant
Adaptive Culture
way of operating where change is expected and adapting to those changes is smooth, routine, and seamless
Cultural Relativisim
different norms, values- social context- Afghanistan women
Cultural Lag
the evaluation of a people's behavior from the perspective of their own culture; trouble adapting to a change of culture
Rationalization
choosing the most efficient means to accomplish tasks