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was the foreign policy of Napoleon I of France in his struggle against the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland during the Napoleonic Wars.

Continental System

The Spain and Portugal portion of the Napoleonic Wars.

Peninsular war

was a German-born Austrian politician and statesman and one of the most important diplomats of his era, serving as the Foreign Minister of the Holy Roman Empire

Klemens Von Metternich

was a turning point in the Napoleonic War. It reduced the French and allied invasion forces

Invasion of Russia

The battle of Waterloo was the battle at which Napoleon was defeated by commander Wellington.

Battle of Waterloo

was a British soldier and statesman, a native of Ireland, from the Anglo-Irish Ascendancy, and one of the leading military and political figures of the 19th century

Duke of Wellington

The statesmen who defeated Napoleon knew that in order to really win the war against him they needed to create and maintain a balance of power.

"Balance of power"

was a method of manufacturing first adopted in England at the beginning of the Industrial Revolution in the 1750s and later spread abroad.

Factory system

It created a specialized and interdependent economic life and made the urban worker more completely dependent on the will of the employer than the rural worker had been.

effects of Industrial Evolution

An economic and political system in which a country's trade and industry are controlled by private owners for profit.


an ideology of society that seeks to apply biological concepts of Darwinism or of evolutionary theory to sociology and polotics, often with the assumption that conflict between groups in society leads to social progress as superior groups outcompete inferior ones.

Social Darwinism

the condition of being urbanized


is the French motto which came about around the time of the french revolution.

Liberty, Equality, Fraternity!-"Liberty, Equality, Fraternity"

Napoleon Bonaparte was born the 15th of August, 1769 on Corsica. Corsica is a French island in the Mediterranean Sea.


conspired with Napoleon to take over the French government by means of a coup d'état (this event is known as the 18th Brumaire, November 9, 1799).

1799 coup d'etat over the directory-

is the home and offices of a consul, a representative of a foreign government


ordered a group of legal experts to assemble all of French civil law

Napoleonic Code

was an agreement between Napoleon and Pope Pius VII, signed on 15 July 1801. It solidified the Roman Catholic Church as the majority church of France and brought back most of its civil status.

Concordat of 1801

The last king and queen of France

Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette-

was a result of the growing discontent of the Third Estate in France in the face of King Louis XVI's desire to hold onto power.

Tennis Court Oath-

fortress in Paris, France that was built between 1370 and 1383


an angry French mob stormed the Bastille.

July 14th, 1789

was a French lawyer, politician, and one of the best-known and most influential figures of the French Revolution


became the new leaders of France after Robespierre gets guillotined.

The directory

provided the fuel to produce iron, trading it with other countries brought wealth to invest in other industries

Importance of coal

is a political ideology that involves a strong identification of a group of individuals with a nation.


was the process in 1990 in which the German Democratic Republic (GDR/East Germany) joined the Fedeural Republic of Germany.

German Unification

was a conservative German statesman who dominated European affairs from the 1860s to his dismissal in 1890.

Ottoman von Bismark

was the political and social movement that agglomerated different states of the Italian peninsula into the single state of Italy in the 19th century.

Italian Unification

most notably in the Mexican-American War and the War of 1812

Matthew Perry

was a chain of events that restored imperial rule to Japan in 1868.

Meji Restoration

needed raw materials so they invaded parts of Asia.

Japanese imperialism-

certain practices that violated religious customs; also known as the Sepoy Mutiny.

Sepoy Rebellion

idea that many European countries had a duty to spread their religion and culture to those less civilized.

White man's burden

finally found one crop that they could sell to china,

Opium War-

English poet, short-story writer, and his most remembered piece was of British imperialism

Roger Kipling

fought in 1878 by British and Boers in Africa, the British attacked because they thought the boers were a threat to a port on the coast

Zulu war

English natural scientist who formulated a theory of evolution by natural selection

Charles Darwin

China started by a secret society of Chinese who opposed the "foreign devils".

Boxer rebellion

which representatives of European nations agreed on rules colonization of Africa

Berlin Conference

first self-powered machine gun

Maximum gun

worked for legal and political rights of the opressed.


a large peninsula in southeastern Europe


England, France, later USSR and USA

Allied Powers

Germany, Austria-Hungary, Ottoman empire

Central powers

murder of Archduke

Causes of WW1

The assassin of Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria

Gavrilo Princip

Responsible for the assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand.

Black Hand-

the channeling of a nation's entire resources into a war effort

total war

a type of combat used during WW1

trench warfare

area of land between the trenches, many dead bodies lay here

no man's land-

Turkish government organized the department of the armenians in the Ottoman Empire

Armenian Genocide

Created by the leaders victorious allies Nations: France, Britain, US, and signed by Germany to help stop WWI.

Treaty of Versailles

formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace.

League of nations

economic troubles

causes of Russian Revolution

used by Lenin to win the support of the people

Peace, Land, Bread

a Russian member of the left-wing majority group that followed Lenin and eventually became the Russian communist party


intrigued lenin with his ideas

Karl Marx

written by Marx and Engels describing the history of the working-class movement according to their views

Communist manifesto

man who claimed to heal the sick and have prophecy


Took over the USSR. He transformed the USSR from backwards nation into great industrial power.

Joe Stalin

Russian revolutionary intellectual and close adviser to Lenin.

Leon Trotsky

main branches of Russian socialism from 1903 until the consolidation of the Bolshevik dictatorship under Lenin in the civil war of 1918-20.


revolutionary socialist movement to create a classless, moneyless, and stateless social order upon common ownership of the means of production, as well as social, political, and economically.


governmental system led by a dictator having complete power


Absolute control by the state or a governing branch


led the National Fascist Party


eader of the National Socialist German Workers Party


variety of fascism that incorporates biological racism and anti-semitism


name that Hitler gave to himself for his spot as a chairman of the Nazi Party.

Der Fuhrer

genocide of six million European,


book written by Adolf Hitle

Mein Kampf

The common name for Germany when it was a totalitarian start ruled by Hitler and the NSDAP.

Third Reich

Was a paramilitary organization of the Nazi Party

Hitler Youth

national security agency of the Soviet Union


government exercises rigid and repressive controls over the social, economic, and political life of the population.

Police State

main Soviet forced labor camp systems.


was conducted to get rid of the undesirables.


It marked the beginning of WW2 in Europe.

German invasion of Poland

The deliberate and systematic destruction


Was the term used for the day that the actual landings took placed onto the beaches.


code name for the Battle of Normandy

Operation Overlord

Was a sustained state of political and military tension between the powers of the Western world, led by the US and its NATO allies.

Cold War

ngoing struggle between the Israelis and the Palestinians that began in the early 20th century

Palestine vs Israel

Palestine Liberation Organization


efers to the Kingdom of Israel

Holy Land

form of nationalism of Jews and Jewish culture that supports a Jewish nation state in territory defined as the Land of Israel.


any one of the territories under military occupation.

Occupied Territories

Used to educate people and help make decisions.

White Papers

letter from the United Kingdom's Foreign Secretary Arthur James Balfour to Baron Rothschild, a leader of the British Jewish community, for transmission to the Zionist Federation of Great Britain and Ireland.

Baulfour Declaration

nationalist political movement for one unified Africa, or the less significant objective of the acknowledgement of African tribes by instituting their own states.

African Nationalism

Is a federal state in Western Europe and is a founding member of the European Union and hosts the EU's headquarters.


different ethnic groups that live within Africa and have fought wars against each other that have endangered the citizens of Africa.


many international companies don't return the wealth that they make from using the land or resources

African's Issue with Modernization

prevent "conflict diamonds" from entering the mainstream rough diamond market.

Kimberly Process

in a war zone and sold to finance an insurgency, or a warlord's activity.

Blood Diamond

politician who server as the President of South Africa

Nelson Mandela

allows for the possibility that the conclusion be false, even where all of the premises are true. is the inclusion of mathematical induction.

Deductive vs Inductive Reasoning

principle that the legitimacy of the state is created and sustained by the will or consent of its people,

Popular Sovereignty

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