Research technique that compares existing official statistics and historical records across groups to test a theory about some social phenomenon.
Tendency to attribute people's achievements and failures to their personal qualities.
Happens when people's lives are suddenly disrupted by major social events, such as economic depression, war, and famine. These individuals may be left feeling helpless.
Happens in settings where the individual is emphasized over group or community connections.
Happens when the ties to one's community are too strong instead of too weak. The individual would literally live for the group and personality is merely a reflection of the collective identity of the community.