How can we help?

You can also find more resources in our Help Center.

97 terms

chapter 7

STUDY
PLAY
alveol/o
alveolus (air sac)
bronch/o, bronchi/o
bronchus (airway)
bronchiol/o
bronchiole (little airway)
capn/o
carbon dioxide
laryng/o
larynx (voice box)
lob/o
lobe
nas/o rhin/o
nose
or/o
mouth
ox/o
oxygen
palat/o
palate
pharyng/o
pharynx (throat)
phren/o
diaphragm (also mind)
pleur/o
pleura (lining of lungs)
pneum/o, pneumon/o
air or lung
pulmon/o
lung
sinus/o
sinus
spir/o, -pnea (suffix)
breathing
thorac/o, pector/o, steth/o
chest
tonsill/o
tonsil
trache/o
trachea (windpipe)
uvul/o
uvula
nose
structure that warms, moistens, and filters air as it enters teh respiratory tract
sinuses
air-filled spaces in the skull that open into the nasal cavity
palate
roof of the mouth
pharynx
throat
larynx
voice box
trachea
windpipe
bronchial tree
branched airways that lead from the trachea to the microscopic air sacs called alveoli
lungs
two spongy organs in the thoracic cavity enclosed by the diaphragm and rib cage
lobes
subdivisions of the lung with two on the left and three on the right
diaphragm
muscular partition that separated the thoracic cavity form the abdominal cavity and that moves upward and downward to aid in respiration
mucous membranes
thin sheets of tissue that line respiratory passages and secrete mucus, a viscid fluid
eupnea
normal breathing
bradypnea
slow breathing
tachypnea
fast breathing
hypopnea
shallow breathing
hyperpnea
deep breathing
dyspnea
difficulty breathing
apnea
inability to breathe
orthopnea
ability to breathe only in an upright position
cyanosis
bluish coloring of the skin caused by a deficient amount of oxygen
epistaxis
nosebleed
expectoration
coughing up and spitting out blood that originates in the lungs
sputum
material expelled from the lungs by coughing
hyperventilation
excessive movement of air into and out of the lungs, causing hypocapnia
hypoventilation
deficient movement of air into and out of the lungs, causing hypercapnia
hypoxemia
deficient amount of oxygen in the blood
hypoxia
deficient amount of oxygen in the blood
rhinorrhea
thin, watery discharge form the nose
asthma
panting; obstructive pulmonary disease caused by a spasm of the bronchial tubes or by swelling of the mucous membrane; characterized by paroxysmal attacks of wheezing, dyspnea, and cough
atelectasis
collapse of lung tissue
bronchitis
inflammation of the bronchi
bronchogenic carcinoma
lung cancer; cancer originating int eh bronchi
bronchospasm
constriction of bronchi caused by spasm of the peribronchial smooth muscle
emphysema
obstructive pulmonary disease characterized by overexpansion of the alveoli with air and destructive changes in their walls, resulting in loss of lung elasticity and gas exchange
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
permanent, destructive pulmonary disorder that is a combination of chronic bronchitis and emphysema
laryngitis
inflammation of the larynx
pharyngitis
inflammation of the pharynx
pyothorax
accumulation of pus in the pleural cavity
hemothorax
blood in the pleural cavity
pneumonia
inflammation in the lung
pneumothorax
air in the pleural cavity caused by a puncture of the lung or chest wall
pneumohemothorax
air and blood in the pleural cavity
pulmonary embolism
occlusion int he pulmonary circulation, most often caused by a blood clot
sinusitis
inflammation of the sinuses
sleep apnea
periods of breathing cessation that occur during sleep, often resulting in snoring
tonsillitis
acute or chronic inflammation of the tonsils
upper respiratory infection
infectious disease of the upper respiratory tract involving the nasal passages, pharynx, and bronchi
endoscopy
examination inside a body cavity with a flexible endoscope for diagnostic or treatment purposes
bronchoscopy
use of a flexible endoscope, called a bronchoscope, to examine the airways
nasopharyngoscopy
use of a flexible endoscope to examine the nasal passages and the pharynx to diagnose structural abnormalities, such as obstructions, growths and cancers
examination methods
techniques used during physical examination to objectively evaluate the respiratory system
auscultation
to listen
percussion
a physical examination method of tapping the body to elicit vibrations and sounds to estimate the size, border, or fluid content of a cavity such as the chest
lung biopsy
removal of a small piece of lung tissue for pathologic examination
radiology
x-ray imaging
chest x-ray
x-ray imaging of the chest to visualize the lungs
computed tomography
CT of the thorax is used to detect lesions in the lungs
pulmonary angiography
x-ray imaging of the blood vessels of the lungs after the injection of contrast material
lobectomy
removal of a lobe of a lung
pneumonectomy
removal of an entire lung
thoracentesis
puncture for aspiration of the chest
thoracoplasty
repair of the chest involving fixation of the ribs
thoracoscopy
endoscopic examination of the pleural cavity using a thoracoscope
thoracostomy
creation of an opening in the chest
thoracotomy
incision into the chest
tonsillectomy
excision of the palatine tonsils
tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy
excision of the tonsils and adenoids
tracheostomy
creation of an opening in the trachea, usually to insert a tube
tracheotomy
incision into the trachea
cardiopulmonary resuscitation
method of artificial respiration and chest compressions to move oxygenated blood to vital body organs when breathing and the heart have stopped
endotracheal intubation
passage of a tube into the trachea via the nose or mouth to open the airway for delivering gas mixtures to the lungs
antibiotic
a drug that kills or inhibits the growth of microorganisms
anticoagulant
a drug the dissolves, or prevents the formation of thrombi or emboli in the blood vessels
antihistamine histamine
a drug that neutralizes or inhibits the effects of histamine, a compound in the body that is released by injured cells during allergic reactions, inflammations
bronchodilator
a drug that dilates the muscular walls of the bronchi
expectorant
a drug that breaks up mucus and promotes coughing