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chap 9

beatitude: (n) a state of perfect happiness or blessedness; a blessing

synonyms: bliss, rapture
antonyms: misery, despair

bête noire: (n) someone or something that one especially dislikes, dreads, or avoids

synonyms: pet peeve, bugbear, nemesis
antonyms: pet, idol

bode: (v) to be an omen of; to indicate by signs

synonyms: presage, augur, foreshadow
antonyms: N/A

dank: (adj) unpleasantly damp or wet

synonyms: clammy, moist, soggy
antonyms: dry, arid, parched, desiccated

ecumenical: (adj) worldwide or universal in influence or application

synonyms: general, comprehensive
antonyms: parochial, regional, insular

fervid: (adj) burning with enthusiasm or zeal; extremely heated

synonyms: ardent, zealous, fervent, earnest
antonyms: apathetic, indifferent, cool, blasé

fetid: (adj) having an unpleasant or offensive odor

synonyms: smelly, putrid, noisome, foul, malodorous
antonyms: fragrant, aromatic, perfumed, sweet

gargantuan: (adj) of immense size, volume, or capacity; enormous, prodigious

synonyms: huge, colossal, mammoth, gigantic
antonyms: tiny, minuscule, infinitesimal, dwarfish

heyday: (n) the period of greatest power, vigor, success, or influence; the prime years

synonyms: golden age
antonyms: formative years, twilight years, decline

incubus: (n) a demon or evil spirit supposed to haunt human beings in their bedrooms at night; anything that oppresses or weighs upon one, like a nightmare

synonyms: hobgoblin, millstone, burden
antonyms: N/A

infrastructure: (n) a basic foundation or framework; a system of public works; the resources and facilities required for an activity; permanent military installations

synonyms: base, basis, underpinning
antonyms: superstructure

inveigle: (v) to entice, lure, or snare by flattery or artful inducements; to obtain or acquire by artifice

synonyms: induce, beguile, cajole, wheedle
antonyms: N/A

kudos: (n) the acclaim, prestige, or renown that comes as a result of some action or achievement

synonyms: glory, praise, accolades
antonyms: boos, disapproval, condemnation

lagniappe: (n) an extra or unexpected gift or gratuity

synonyms: bonus
antonyms: N/A

prolix: (n) long-winded and wordy; tending to speak or write in such a way

synonyms: verbose, garrulous
antonyms: terse, laconic, succinct, pithy

protégé: (n) someone whose welfare, training, or career is under the patronage of an influential person; someone under the jurisdiction of a foreign country or government

synonyms: ward, charge, disciple, trainee
antonyms: sponsor, mentor, benefactor

prototype: (n) an original pattern or model; a primitive or ancestral form

synonyms: archetype
antonyms: copy, imitation

sycophant: (n) someone who attempts to win favors or advance him- or herself by flattery or servile behavior; a slanderer, defamer

synonyms: yes-man, toady, flunky, bootlicker
antonyms: N/A

tautology: (n) needless repetition of an idea by using different but equivalent words; a redundancy

synonyms: pleonasm
antonyms: N/A

truckle: (v) to yield or submit tamely or submissively

synonyms: kowtow, stoop, grovel
antonyms: resist, defy, stand up to

acumen: (n) keenness of insight; quickness or accuracy of judgment

synonyms: perspicacity, shrewdness, acuity
antonyms: ignorance, stupidity, obtuseness

adjudicate: (v) to act as judge in a matter; to settle through the use of a judge or legal tribunal

synonyms: arbitrate, referee, mediate
antonyms: N/A

anachronism: (n) a chronological misplacing of events, objects, customs, or persons in regard to each other

synonyms: chronological error
antonyms: N/A

apocryphal: (adj) of doubtful or questionable authenticity

synonyms: fictitious, mythical, spurious, bogus
antonyms: authentic, genuine, true

disparity: (n) a difference or inequality in age, rank, degree, amount, or quality; a dissimilarity, unlikeness

synonyms: discrepancy, incongruity
antonyms: similarity, likeness, congruity

dissimulate: (v) to hide or disguise one's true thoughts, feelings, or intentions

synonyms: dissemble, pretend, misrepresent
antonyms: reveal

empirical: (adj) derived from, dependent upon, or guided by practical experience, observation, or experiment, rather than by theory; so verifiable

synonyms: observed, experiential, pragmatic
antonyms: theoretical, hypothetical, conjectural

flamboyant: (adj) highly elaborate or ornate; vividly colored; strikingly brilliant or bold

synonyms: showy, ostentatious, florid
antonyms: staid, sedate, decorous, seemly, sober

fulsome: (adj) offensively insincere or excessive; disgusting, sickening

synonyms: inordinate, repulsive
antonyms: understated, muted, restrained, agreeable

immolate: (v) to kill as a sacrifice, especially by fire; to destroy or ronounce for the sake of another

synonyms: slay, kill
antonyms: save, rescue, preserve

imperceptible: (adj) extremely slight; incapable of being perceived by the senses or the mind

synonyms: minimal, undetectable
antonyms: conspicuous, noticeable, flagrant

lackey: (n) a uniformed male servant; a servile follower

synonyms: footman, toady, flunky, hanger-on
antonyms: lord, liege, employer, boss

liaison: (n) the contact or means of communication between groups; someone acting as such a contact; any close relationship; a thickening or binding agent used in cooking

synonyms: intermediary, channel
antonyms: N/A

monolithic: (adj) characterized by massiveness, solidness, and total uniformity

synonyms: undifferentiated, massive, dense
antonyms: diversified, variform, multifarious

mot juste: (n) the most suitable or exact word or expression

synonyms: right word
antonyms: misnomer, misusage, malapropism

nihilism: (n) a total rejection of existing laws, institutions, and moral values; extreme radicalism

synonyms: N/A
antonyms: conservatism

patrician: (n) a member of the ruling class; a person of high or noble rank or of prominent social standing; (adj) belonging to, befitting, or characteristic of such a person

synonyms: (n) aristocrat, peer, noble; (adj) highborn
antonyms: (n) peasant, commoner, plebeian

propitiate: (v) to make someone or something favorably inclined towards oneself; to conciliate, satisfy, or appease

synonyms: placate, mollify
antonyms: estrange, alienate, provoke, annoy

sic: (adv) thus so; intentionally written so

synonyms: N/A
antonyms: N/A

sublimate: (v) to redirect the energy of a biological or instinctual impulse into a higher or more acceptable channel

synonyms: rechannel, elevate
antonyms: N/A

apostate: (n) one who forsakes his or her religion, party, or cause

synonyms: renegade, defector, turncoat
antonyms: true believer, loyalist

bravado: (n) a display of false or assumed courage

synonyms: swagger, bluster, braggadocio
antonyms: mettle, bravery, pluck

consensus: (n) a collective or general agreement of opinion, feeling, or thinking

synonyms: unanimity, concord, accord, harmony
antonyms: dissension, discord, disagreement

constrict: (v) to make smaller or narrower, draw together, squeeze; to stop or cause to falter

synonyms: contract, curb, restrain
antonyms: enlarge, dilate, expand

dichotomy: (n) a division into two contradictory or mutually exclusive parts; a branching or forking in an ancestral line

synonyms: schism, division, bifurcation
antonyms: uniformity, oneness

effusive: (adj) highly demonstrative; unrestrained

synonyms: gushy, lavish
antonyms: restrained, reserved, muted, subdued

euphoria: (n) a feeling of great happiness or well-being, often with no objective basis

synonyms: elation, bliss, ecstasy, rapture
antonyms: melancholy, depression, gloom

gothic: (adj) characterized by or emphasizing a gloomy setting and grotesque or violent events; such a literary or artistic style; a type of medieval architecture

synonyms: sinister, eerie
antonyms: N/A

impasse: (n) a dead end; a position from which there is no escape; a problem to which there is no solution

synonyms: deadlock, standoff, stalemate
antonyms: N/A

lugubrious: (adj) sad, mournful, or gloomy, especially to an exaggerated or ludicrous degree

synonyms: doleful, melancholy, dismal, dolorous
antonyms: merry, jovial, hilarious, funny

metamorphosis: (n) a complete transformation, as if by magic

synonyms: change, makeover
antonyms: N/A

mystique: (n) an aura or attitude of mystery or veneration surrounding something or someone

synonyms: charisma
antonyms: N/A

non sequitur: (n) an inference or conclusion that does not follow logically from the facts or premises

synonyms: illogical reference, unsound conclusion
antonyms: N/A

parlous: (adj) full of danger or risk, perilous

synonyms: hazardous, risky, dangerous
antonyms: safe, secure, risk-free

punctilio: (n) a minute detail of conduct or procedure; an instant of time

synonyms: fine point, nicety
antonyms: N/A

quagmire: (n) soft, soggy mud or slush; a difficult or entrapping situation

synonyms: fen, marsh, bog, morass
antonyms: bedrock, solid footing, terra firma

quixotic: (adj) extravagantly or romantically idealistic; visionary without regard to practical considerations

synonyms: fanciful, impractical, utopian
antonyms: realistic, down-to-earth, pragmatic

raconteur: (n) a person who tells stories and anecdotes with great skill

synonyms: storyteller, anecdotist
antonyms: N/A

sine qua non: (n) an essential or indispensable element or condition

synonyms: necessity, requisite, desideratum
antonyms: N/A

vendetta: (n) a prolonged feud, often between two families, characterized by retaliatory acts of revenge; any act motivated by vengeance

synonyms: blood feud, rivalry
antonyms: N/A

apposite: (adj) appropriate; suitable; apt

synonyms: relevant, pertinent, material, germane
antonyms: irrelevant, immaterial, inappropriate

augur: (n) a prophet or seer; (v) to predict, foreshadow

synonyms: (n) oracle; (v) bode
antonyms: N/A

bilk: (v) to defraud, cheat, or swindle; to evade payment of; to frustrate, thwart

synonyms: dupe, cozen
antonyms: N/A

charisma: (n) the special personal magnetism that makes an individual exceptionally appealing to other people; a divinely bestowed gift or power

synonyms: appeal, charm, mystique
antonyms: N/A

debilitate: (v) to make weak or feeble

synonyms: enervate, sap, exhaust, enfeeble
antonyms: strengthen, fortify, invigorate

execrable: (adj) utterly detestable, hateful, or abhorrent; extremely inferior

synonyms: odious, abominable, reprehensible
antonyms: commendable, praiseworthy, meritorious

impinge: (v) to strike against or collide with violently; to encroach or obtrude upon; to make an impression upon

synonyms: horn in, affect
antonyms: N/A

labyrinth: (n) a bewildering maze; any confusing or complicated situation

synonyms: tangle, mystery, enigma
antonyms: N/A

narcissism: (n) excessive self-love; absorption in oneself

synonyms: egotism, conceit, vanity, amour propre
antonyms: N/A

niggardly: (adj) stingy; meanly small or insufficient

synonyms: tightfisted, penny-pinching, mean
antonyms: generous, bountiful, magnanimous

pastiche: (n) a dramatic, musical, or literary work made up of bits and pieces from other sources; a hodgepodge

synonyms: medley, patchwork, melange, potpourri
antonyms: N/A

precarious: (adj) very uncertain or unsure; dangerous or risky

synonyms: perilous, dubious, ticklish
antonyms: secure, safe, sturdy, firm

rapport: (n) a close and harmonious relationship

synonyms: bond, tie, affinity, understanding
antonyms: N/A

utilitarian: (adj) stressing practicality over other considerations; relating to the belief that what is good or desirable is determined purely by its usefulness

synonyms: practical, functional, pragmatic
antonyms: nonfunctional, ornamental, decorative

vacuous: (adj) devoid of matter, substance, or meaning; lacking ideas or intelligence; purposeless

synonyms: inane, insipid, fatuous, void, empty
antonyms: incisive, trenchant, perceptive, intelligent

vagary: (n) an unpredictable, erratic, or seemingly purposeless action, occurrence, or notion

synonyms: caprice, whim, quirk
antonyms: N/A

viable: (adj) capable of living or developing under normal circumstances

synonyms: practicable, workable, feasible
antonyms: impracticable, unworkable, unfeasible

xenophobia: (n) undue or unreasonable fear, hatred, or contempt of foreigners or strangers or of what is foreign or strange

synonyms: provinciality, parochialism, chauvinism
antonyms: N/A

zany: (adj) clownish or funny in a crazy, bizarre, or ludicrous way; (n) one who plays the clown

synonyms: (adj) comical, daffy; (n) buffoon
antonyms: (adj) sedate, decorous, prim, sober, grave

zealot: (n) a fanatical partisan; an ardent follower

synonyms: fanatic, extremist
antonyms: N/A

accolade: (n) praise or approval; a ceremonial embrace or greeting

synonyms: kudos, acclaim, cheers, plaudits
antonyms: boos, disapproval, censure, criticism

acerbity: (n) sourness or bitterness of taste; harshness or severity of manner or expression

synonyms: acidity, astringency, mordancy, asperity
antonyms: blandness, mellowness, mildness

attrition: (n) the process of wearing down by friction or gradual impairment

synonyms: abrasion, erosion, exhaustion, reduction
antonyms: augmentation, proliferation, enlargement

bromide: (n) a trite or commonplace remark; a tiresome or boring person; a sedative

synonyms: cliché, platitude

chauvinist: (adj) extravagantly patriotic; blindly devoted to a cause; (n) such a person

synonyms: (n) superpatriot, flag-waver, jingoist
antonyms: N/A

chronic: (adj) continuing over a long period of time or recurring often

synonyms: recurrent, persistent, inveterate, habitual
antonyms: transitory, transient, sporadic

expound: (v) to explain in detail

synonyms: elucidate, explicate, delineate
antonyms: N/A

factionalism: (n) party strife and intrigue

synonyms: infighting, dissension
antonyms: unanimity, harmony, agreement, consensus

immaculate: (adj) spotless; without blemish or fault

synonyms: unsoiled, impeccable
antonyms: blemished, tarnished, stained, sullied

imprecation: (n) a curse; the act of cursing

synonyms: execration, malediction
antonyms: blessing, benediction

ineluctable: (adj) not able to be avoided, changed, or overcome

synonyms: unavoidable, inescapable, inevitable
antonyms: avoidable, escapable, reversible, revocable

mercurial: (adj) characterized by rapid and unpredictable changes of mood; fickle or inconstant

synonyms: erratic, flighty, capricious, volatile
antonyms: phlegmatic, sluggish, constant, steady

palliate: (v) to make less serious or severe by glossing over; to relieve without actually curing, mitigate

synonyms: alleviate, extenuate
antonyms: intensify, magnify, aggravate

protocol: (n) customs and regulations dealing with official behavior and etiquette, as in a court or among diplomats; a type of international agreement; a memorandum, official account, or record

synonyms: code of conduct, minutes
antonyms: N/A

resplendent: (adj) shining or gleaming brilliantly; splendid or magnificent

synonyms: radiant, dazzling, glorious
antonyms: dull, drab, lusterless

stigmatize: (v) to brand or mark as in some way discreditable, disgraceful, or ignominious

synonyms: sully, taint, disgrace
antonyms: whitewash, laud, extol

sub rosa: (adv) in secret; confidentially; privately; (adj) secretive

synonyms: (adv) secretly, covertly, stealthily, furtively
antonyms: (adv) overtly, openly

vainglory: (n) excessive pride in and boastfulness about one's own accomplishments or qualities; a vain show or display

synonyms: vanity, conceit, swagger, pretentiousness
antonyms: humility, modesty, diffidence

vestige: (n) a trace or visible evidence of something that once existed but now is lost or vanished

synonyms: artifact, relic, remains
antonyms: N/A

volition: (n) the power to choose, will, or decide; the act of choosing, willing, or deciding

synonyms: free will, choice
antonyms: coercion, compulsion, duress

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