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Socio 100 Lecture 6 Gendering Exam practice

Hegemonic Masculinity/femininity is

The basic stereotype of man and woman

Sex is the

biological term

Gender refers to

The social aspects associated with sex

How many ways of thinking about Gender are there?


The three different ways of thinking about Gender are

Difference, division and doing

Gender as difference entails

Roles (i.e gendered knowledge such as science). Does biology = destiny?

Gender as division entails

Differences exist, although they may not be natural. e.g Hegemonic masculinity

Gender as 'doing' entails

The codes, practices, dress, attitudes and emotions attached to a gender

Erving Goffman, on 'doing' gender, believes that

Particular ways of being 'feminine' or 'masculine' are made available to us by our cultures. We adopt, modify, or resist these as we 'do' our gender.

Harold Garkinfel, on 'doing' gender, believes that

There are codes appropriate to masculine and feminine such as appearance, activities (jobs), talk, dress, attitudes etc

Don West and Candance Zimmerman, on 'doing gender', believe that

Gender can be seen as routine, methodical and recurring accomplishment, guided by social expectations and notions that particular ways of doing gender are the most natural

Gayle Rubin and Adrienne Rich both found that

we live in a world that privileges heterosexuality

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