Gender as difference entails
Roles (i.e gendered knowledge such as science). Does biology = destiny?
Gender as division entails
Differences exist, although they may not be natural. e.g Hegemonic masculinity
Erving Goffman, on 'doing' gender, believes that
Particular ways of being 'feminine' or 'masculine' are made available to us by our cultures. We adopt, modify, or resist these as we 'do' our gender.
Harold Garkinfel, on 'doing' gender, believes that
There are codes appropriate to masculine and feminine such as appearance, activities (jobs), talk, dress, attitudes etc
Don West and Candance Zimmerman, on 'doing gender', believe that
Gender can be seen as routine, methodical and recurring accomplishment, guided by social expectations and notions that particular ways of doing gender are the most natural