53 terms

USI.2 - Geography

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Continents
North America, South America, Africa, Asia, Australia, Antarctica, Europe
Large land mass surrounded by water
continent
Oceans
Atlantic, Pacific, Actic, Indian, Southern
Eurasia
land mass containing Europe and Asia
Only continent not surrounded by water
Europe
regions
areas with distinctive characteristics
Coastal Plain
- located along the Atlantic Ocean and Gulf of Mexico
- broad lowlands containing many excellent harbors
Appalachian Highlands
- located west of the Coastal Plain; includes the Piedmont
- old, eroded mountains
oldest mountains in North America
Appalachians
Canadian Shield
- wrapped around the Hudson Bay in a horseshoe shape
- hills worn by erosion and hundereds of lakes carved by glaciers
Interior Lowlands
- locaed west of the Appalachian Highlands
- rolling flat lands with many rivers, broad river valleys and grassy hills
Great Plains
- located west of the Interior Lowlands
- flat grasslands that gradually increase in elevation westward
Rocky Mountains
- located west of the Great Plains
- rugged mountains with high elevations stretching from Alaska almost to Mexico
Continental Divide
located in the Rocky Mountains and determines the directional flow of rivers
Basin and Range
- located west of the Rocky Mountains & east of the Sierra Nevadas and Cascades
- varying elevations containing isolated mountain ranges
Death Valley
the lowest point in America, located in the Basin and Range
Coastal Range
- located along the Pacific Coast
- rugged mountains and fertile valleys
the importance of bodies of water
they support interaction among regions, form borders, and create links to other areas
Major U.S. oceans
Atlantic & Pacific
Major U.S. rivers
Mississippi, Missouri, Ohio, Columbia, Colorado, Rio Grande, St. Lawrence
Great Lakes
Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, Superior
Gulf of Mexico
major U.S. gulf
provided access to other parts of the world
Atlantic, Pacific & Gulf coasts
highway for explorers, early settlers and later immigrants
Atlantic Ocean
gateway to the west
Ohio River
where inland port cities grew in the midwest
Great Lakes
used to transport products and served as links to U.S. ports and other parts of the world
Mississippi and Missouri Rivers
explored by Lewis and Clark
Columbia River
explored by the Spanish
Colorado River
forms the U.S. border with Mexico
Rio Grande
an early exploration destination
Pacific Ocean
provided the French and Spanish with exploration routes to Mexico and other parts of America
Gulf of Mexico
forms part of the northeastern border with Canada and connects the Great Lakes to the Atlantic Ocean
St. Lawrence River
landforms and water features -
set the stage for and influence the course of events in U.S. history
lake
a body of (usually fresh) water surrounded by land
river
large natural stream of water that runs through the land
tributary
a small river or stream that flows into a larger river or stream; a branch of the river
gulf
an arm of a sea or ocean partly enclosed by land
bay
an indentation of a shoreline larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
mountain
a land mass that projects well above its surroundings
hill
elevated land with sloping sides and rounded summit; generally smaller than a mountain
plains
large pieces of flat land.
plateau
a landform that has high elevation and a more or less level surface
island
a land mass (smaller than a continent) that is surrounded by water
peninsula
body of land jutting into water, surrounded on three sides by water
geographic features relate to:
- patterns of trade
- locations of towns and cities
- westward movement
- agricultural and fishing industries
North America
South America
Africa
Europe
Asia
Atlantic Ocean
Arctic Ocean

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