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7 terms

Child and Adolescent Development set 2

STUDY
PLAY
Zone of Proximal development
includes those functions that are in the process of developing but not yet fully developed. In practice, the zone of proximal development represents the gap between what children can do on their own and what they can do with the assistance of others.
Scaffolding
process by which adults provide support to a child who is learning to master a task or problem. When adults scaffold a task or problem, they perform or direct those elements of the task that are beyond the child's ability.
Microsystems
Immediate environments (family, school, peer group, neighborhood, and childcare environments)
Mesosystem
A system comprised of connections between immediate environments (a child's home and school)
Exosystem
External environmental settings which only indirectly affect development (such as parent's workplace)
Macrosystem
The larger cultural context (Eastern vs. Western culture, national economy, political culture, subculture)
Chronosystem
The patterning of environmental events and transitions over the course of life.