28 terms

4th Grade: Input Output Human Brain

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Axon
The long tail of a neuron that carries nerve impulses away from the cell body.
Brain
The organ in the body that controls functions, movements, sensations, and thoughts.
Brain Stem
The stem-like part of the base of the brain that connects to the spinal cord and controls basic body functions, such as breathing and heart rate.
Cell Body
The part of a neuron that contains a nucleus.
Central Nervous System
The part of the nervous system that contains the brain and spinal cord.
Cerebellum
The part of the brain located at the back of the skull, which helps coordinate movement and balance.
Cerebrum
The largest part of the brain, involved in thought, feelings, and movement.
Concussion
A temporary change in the way the brain works after it is hit against the skull.
Constraint
A limitation or a restriction such as time, materials, or size.
Control Group
The group in an experiment whose purpose is to be used for comparison.
Criteria
Guidelines or rules used to judge or make a decision about something.
Dendrite
Short filament that carries nerve impulses to the cell body of a neuron .
Design Process
A step by step way to solve problems.
Input
Information that is taken in, or put, into a system.
Mean
Mathematical average.
Memory
Stored information in your brain.
Motor Neuron
Neuron that carries nerve impulses from the central nervous system to muscles or other body parts.
Nerve
Bundled group of neurons.
Nervous System
Control system of the body. Directs response to internal and external information.
Neuron
A nerve cell responsible for sending electrical signals.
Output
The resulting act, process, or product produced as a result of an input.
Peripheral Nervous System
The part of the nervous system that consists of the nerves that relay impulses between the body and the central nervous system.
Reaction Time
The time it takes for the brain to receive, process, and coordinate a response to this information.
Scientific Inquiry Process
A process that scientists use to explore observations and answer questions.
Scientist
A person who asks questions, makes observations, and investigates ideas in order to acquire knowledge and/or solve problems.
Senses
How the body receives information from the outside world. The five senses include hearing, sight, touch, smell, and taste.
Sensory Neuron
Neuron that carries nerve impulses from sensory receptors to the central nervous system.
Spinal Cord
A bundle of nerves that relays information from the body to and from the brain.