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29 terms

Chapter 5 - Ancient Greek Art

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krater
an ancient Greek wide-mouthed bowl for mixing wine and water
meander
key pattern around the rim of a krater
cella
the chamber at the center of an ancient temple
naos
in a classical temple, this room is where the cult statue usually stood
entasis
the convex profile in the shaft of a column
acropolis
high city
kore
statue of a goddess or maiden
amphora
two-handled storage jar
contrapposto
counterbalance
pediment
the triangular space (gable) at the end of a building, formed by the ends of the sloping roof above the colonnade
triglyph
a triple projecting, grooved member of a Doric frieze that alternates with metopes
gigantomachy
battle of gods and giants
peristyle
a colonnade all around the cella and its porch(es)
stereobate
the first step leading up to a building, such as the Parthenon
frieze
the part of an entablature between the architrave and cornice; any scupltured or painted band in a building
Nike
athena's attendant who is the personification of victory
parapet
a low, protective wall along the edge of a balcony or roof
humanism
emphasis on education and on expanding knowledge, exploration of individuals potential and a desire to excel, and a commitment to civic responsibilities and moral duty
portico
roofed colonnade
caryatid
a female figure that functions as a supporting column
kouros
statue of male youth
peplos
simple, long, woolen, belted garment
tholos
temple with a circular plan
Hellenistic
term given to the culture that developed after the death of Alex the Great in 323 BCE and lasted almost 3 centuries until the Roman conquest of Egypt in 31 BCE
entablature
the part of a building above the columns and below the roof
metope
panel between the triglyphs in a Doric frieze, often sculpted in relief
volute
spiral, scroll-like form characteristic of the Ionic order
peripteral
single row of columns on all sides
centaur
mythological beast that was part man, part horse