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Terms in this set (12)
Clause 1- FIRST, THAT WE HAVE GRANTED TO GOD, and by this present charter have confirmed for us and our heirs in perpetuity, that the English Church shall be free, and shall have its rights undiminished, and its liberties unimpaired. That we wish this so to be observed, appears from the fact that of our own free will, before the outbreak of the present dispute between us and our barons, we granted and confirmed by charter the freedom of the Church's elections - a right reckoned to be of the greatest necessity and importance to it - and caused this to be confirmed by Pope Innocent III. This freedom we shall observe ourselves, and desire to be observed in good faith by our heirs in perpetuity.
According to Magna Carta and god the church is free to make its own decisions and have its own rights that shall not be changed.
Clause 7- At her husband's death, a widow may have her marriage portion and inheritance at once and without trouble. She shall pay nothing for her dower, marriage portion, or any inheritance that she and her husband held jointly on the day of his death. She may remain in her husband's house for forty days after his death, and within this period her dower shall be assigned to her.
- Rich women (lady or princess)
When her husband dies the widow can have everything signed to her from his will straight away she does not have to pay any inheritance to her children and can live in the house for forty days after he dies however during this time the money from her dowry can be given to her she will pay nothing for this.
Clause 8- No widow shall be compelled to marry, so long as she wishes to remain without a husband. But she must give security that she will not marry without royal consent, if she holds her lands of the Crown, or without the consent of whatever other lord she may hold them of.
If you become a widow no one can make you remarry you do not have to marry, you are free. Women however cant own land so if the house she is living is owned by she has to have permission to live there if she does remarry.
Clause 11- If a man dies owing money to Jews, his wife may have her dower and pay nothing towards the debt from it. If he leaves children that are under age, their needs may also be provided for on a scale appropriate to the size of his holding of lands. The debt is to be paid out of the residue, reserving the service due to his feudal lords. Debts owed to persons other than Jews are to be dealt with similarly.
If you owe Jewish people money the wife gets her share of the money first and if you have kids you have to look after them with that money until they are adults if you are a Jew you do not get your money until after this.
Clause 20-For a trivial offence, a free man shall be fined only in proportion to the degree of his offence, and for a serious offence correspondingly, but not so heavily as to deprive him of his livelihood. In the same way, a merchant shall be spared his merchandise, and a villein the implements of his husbandry, if they fall upon the mercy of a royal court. None of these fines shall be imposed except by the assessment on oath of reputable men of the neighbourhood.
If you've done a crime that is small the punishment is small. The punishment has to be reasonable. You cannot take away what they do for a living. No punishment can be handed out unless respectable people form town to agree (Jury).
Clause 21- Earls and barons shall be fined only by their equals, and in proportion to the gravity of their offence.
You can only be punished by someone who is equal to you.
Clause 28- No constable or other royal official shall take corn or other movable goods from any man without immediate payment, unless the seller voluntarily offers postponement of this.
Important people cannot just steal and take any goods from people without their permission or payment.
Clause 30-No sheriff, royal official, or other person shall take horses or carts for transport from any free man, without his consent.
No one shall steal a mode of transport from anyone else.
Clause 33- All fish-weirs shall be removed from the Thames, the Medway, and throughout the whole of England, except on the sea coast.
You can't build dames in rivers or anywhere in England only on the Sea Coast you have to be able to travel up these rivers.
Clause 35- There shall be standard measures of wine, ale, and corn (the London quarter), throughout the kingdom. There shall also be a standard width of dyed cloth, russet, and haberject, namely two ells within the selvedges. Weights are to be standardised similarly.
All food, alcohol and clothes are to be equally distributed throughout the land.
Clause 38- In future no official shall place a man on trial upon his own unsupported statement, without producing credible witnesses to the truth of it.
You cannot put someone to trail without substantial evidence and trustworthy witnesses.
Clause 39- No free man shall be seized or imprisoned, or stripped of his rights or possessions, or outlawed or exiled, or deprived of his standing in any way, nor will we proceed with force against him, or send others to do so, except by the lawful judgment of his equals or by the law of the land.
No free person can be locked up or stripped of their possessions without an accusation and a trial.
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