86 terms

Final Exam Review

Tippecanoe and Tyler Too
Whig party, 1840; William Henry Harrison
54 40' or Fight
Democratic Party, 1844; James K. Polk
Vote Yourself a Farm
Republican Party, 1860; Abraham Lincoln
He Kept Us Out of War
Woodrow Wilson (2nd term), 1916
Every Man a King
proposed by Huey Long during the Great Depression; wanted to take money from the rich and distribute it to average families
Don't Swap Horses in the Middle of the Stream
1864, Abraham Lincoln (2nd term)
A Chicken in Every Pot
used by Republicans in 1928; Herbert Hoover
Had Enough?
Republicans in 1948 for Thomas E. Dewey
A Choice, not an Echo
used by Republicans in 1964 for Barry Goldwater
Nixon's the One
1968; Richard Nixon
Marbury v. Madison
(1803) established judicial review; first time the Court declared a law of Congress unconstitutional
McCullough v. Maryland
(1819) Maryland places a tax on banks, including the B.U.S. ; McCullough refused to pay the tax and was sued by Maryland, so the Supreme Court established that federal gov't had more power than state gov't, and the Constitution was more powerful than both
Gibbons v. Ogden
(1824) a decision in the Supreme Court that said the power to regulate interstate commerce was granted to Congress by the Commerce clause
Munn v. Illonois
(1876) "when private property is devoted to a public use, it is subject to public regulation"
Plessy v. Ferguson
(1896) "seperate but equal"
Brown v. Board of Education
(1954) overturned Plessy; court declared laws establishing separate public schools for blacks and whites to be unconstitutional
Roe v. Wade
(1973) established the right for women to get abortions
Dred Scott v. Sandford
"The Worst Supreme Court Decision" (1857); declared the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional
John Wilkes Booth
shot and killed Lincoln in 1865
Charles J. Guiteau
shot and killed James Garfield in 1880
Leon F. Czolgosz
a crazy Polish anarchist who shot and killed William McKinley in 1901
John F. Schrank
shot Theodore Roosevelt during his Bull Moose campaign in 1912
Lee Harvey Oswald
shot and killed JFK in 1963
John W. Hinckley Jr.
shot and seriously injured Ronald Reagan in 1981
Samuel Adams
(1772-1803) organizer of the Sons of Liberty and the Boston Tea Party, signer of the Declaration of Independence, governor of Massachusetts
John Adams
(1735-1826) drafteded the DOI and was the first Vice President and second president
Abigail Smith Adams
(1744-1818) John's wife; told him to "remember the ladies" to create a new nation
The Great War for the Empire
said by Lawrence Henry Gibson; as known as the Seven Year's War; a worldwide struggle between France and Britain to control parts of America and Asia
The American System
made by Henry Clay in the 1820s, formed a coalition between the East and West
The Peculiar Institution
a southern euphemism for slavery
Waving the Bloody Shirt
said in the post-Civil War by Republicans to devert attention from political issues
The Robber Barons
a name given to industrialists of the late 19th century, such as Cornelius Vanderbilt, Jay Gould, and John D. Rockefeller
Old Hickory
Andrew Jackson
The Little Magician
Martin Van Buren (also the Red Fox and The American Talleyrand)
His Accidency
John Tyler
The Pathfinder
John C. Fremont
The Little Giant
Stephen A. Douglas
...His Fraudulency
Rutherford B. Hayes
The Great Commoner
William Jennings Bryan
The Rough Rider
Theodore Roosevelt
The Ohio Icicle
John Sherman
Big Bill
William Howard Taft
Silent Cal
Calvin Coolidge
The Happy Warrior
Alfred E. Smith
The Kingfish
Huey Long
Tricky Dick
Richard M. Nixon
Landslide Lyndon
Frederick Jackson Turner
wrote "The Significance of the Frontier in American History" in 1893
Washington's Farewell Address
(1796) stressed the importance of national unity with independence, peace, and prosperity; he warned against having more than one political party
Abraham Lincoln's "House Divided" Speech
(1858) said that the country could no longer remain "half slave and half free" which suggested Lincoln was an abolitionist
William Jennings Bryan's "Cross of Gold" Speech
(1896) arguing for the free coinage of silver, ending with "you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold"
Woodrow Wilson declaring war on Germany
(1917) "the world must be made safe for democracy"
FDR's first Inaugural Address
(1933) "the only thing we have to fear is fear itself" ; promised to be a "good neighbor" with foreign policies
New Nationalism
TR's program for regulating big busines and expanding the role of federal gov't in economic and social matters
New Freedom
program of Wilson in 1912; urged the country to rely on competition and monopolies should be broken up through the antitrust law
New Negro
a term used by black intellectuals who stressed racial pride and independence from white influences after WWI
New Era
the Republican description of the mid 1920s when stocks were on the rise and interest rates were low
The New Immigration
used by opponents of unrestricted immigration to distinguish the charnge in the flow of European immigrants to America in the 1880s
Corrupt Bargain
name given to the 1824 election when Jackson won
Bleeding Kansas
in the mid 1850s, antislavery supporters rushed to Kansas to vote for it to be a free state, while slavery supporters did the same, wanting to make it a slave state; much violence broke out as a result
Seward's Folly
(1867) the response to William Seward's purchase of Alaska from Russia for $7,200,000 when many people thought it was too much
Remember the "Maine"
(1898) the cry of those eager to go to war with Spain in order to free Cuba after the USS ship Maine blew up
Keep Cool with Coolidge
Republican urges during the 1924 election
All the Way with LBJ
the Democratic slogan in 1964
Common Sense
(1776) by Thomas Paine, a pamphlet that called for independence completely from Britain
Uncle Tom's Cabin
(1852) by Harriet Beecher Stowe, changed Northerners feelings on slavery; became a cause of the Civil War
The Influence of Sea Power Upon History
(1890) by Alfred Thayer Mahan; argued that nations with powerful navies and oversea bases made them victorious in war
The Jungle
(1906) by Upton Sinclair; described filthy working conditions in which cattle were killed and meat was packed; caused the Pure Food and Drug Act
The Other America
(1962) by Michael Harrington; this book was a force behind the War on Poverty during LBJ, calling to attention the 20-25% of Americans living below the poverty line
Silent Spring
(1962) by Rachel Carson; showed how pesticides affected animals and humans as well as the environment
The Feminine Mystique
(1963) by Betty Friedan; modern feminist movement, helped women become domestisized
John D. Rockefeller
(1839-1937) organizer of the Standard Oil trust; one of the Captains on Industry; a billionaire
Light-Horse Harry
Henry Lee
Young Napoleon
Union general George B. McClellan
Bacon's Rebellion
(1676) an uprising of western Virginia planters led by Nathaniel Bacon where he raised a small army, murdered innocent Indians, and burned Jamestown; all against William Berkeley's Easten Establishment
Paxton Boys Uprising
(1763-1764) PA frontierman from the town Paxton were angered by others' unwillingness to help in the defense against Indian attacks, so they killed innocent Indians
Pontiac's Rebellion
(1763-1764) Indians of the Great Lakes area attempted unsuccessfully to drive the British out of their territory
Shay's Rebellion
(1786-1787) a Massachusetts uprising due to unstable economic conditions following the Revolution; farmers who owed debt (led by Daniel Shays) saught to stop foreclosures
Whiskey Rebellion
(1794) the excise tax on whiskey hit western PA farmers hard, and they organized protest meetings and prevented the collection of the tax, which Washington declared treason and marched against the protestors
Oregon (Battleship)
(1896) known for its 15,000 mile journey from the Pacific coast around South America to the West Indies to be available in case of a war with Spain over Cuba
Sojourner Truth
(1797-1883) she was a leading black abolitionist before the Civil War, who also campaigned for women's rights at the Women's Rights Convention in 1851
Frederick Douglas
(1817-1895) an abolitionist who, during the Civil War, helped raise black regiments and late continued to campaign for full equality for blacks and women
Marcus Garvey
(1887-1940) a black nationalist who founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association, and by the mid 1920s it had a million members; also pushed the Back to Africa movement
Malcolm X
(1925-1965) converted to black Muslim faith and was a nationalist, (he was a radical Muslim critic) but was shot and killed after criticizing other Muslim leaders
The Great Compromise
(1787) this was the agreement reached at the Constitutional Covention between the smaller states who wanted to be represented equally in Congress, and the larger states who wanted representation based on population; the compromise was to give each state 2 senators
The Atlanta Compromise
(1895) the name given to the policy proposed by Booker T. Washington; he urged southern blacks to accept segregation and southern whites to help black people advance in the world; he tried to reduce racial tensions