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Tippecanoe and Tyler Too

Whig party, 1840; William Henry Harrison

54 40' or Fight

Democratic Party, 1844; James K. Polk

Vote Yourself a Farm

Republican Party, 1860; Abraham Lincoln

He Kept Us Out of War

Woodrow Wilson (2nd term), 1916

Every Man a King

proposed by Huey Long during the Great Depression; wanted to take money from the rich and distribute it to average families

Don't Swap Horses in the Middle of the Stream

1864, Abraham Lincoln (2nd term)

A Chicken in Every Pot

used by Republicans in 1928; Herbert Hoover

Had Enough?

Republicans in 1948 for Thomas E. Dewey

A Choice, not an Echo

used by Republicans in 1964 for Barry Goldwater

Nixon's the One

1968; Richard Nixon

Marbury v. Madison

(1803) established judicial review; first time the Court declared a law of Congress unconstitutional

McCullough v. Maryland

(1819) Maryland places a tax on banks, including the B.U.S. ; McCullough refused to pay the tax and was sued by Maryland, so the Supreme Court established that federal gov't had more power than state gov't, and the Constitution was more powerful than both

Gibbons v. Ogden

(1824) a decision in the Supreme Court that said the power to regulate interstate commerce was granted to Congress by the Commerce clause

Munn v. Illonois

(1876) "when private property is devoted to a public use, it is subject to public regulation"

Plessy v. Ferguson

(1896) "seperate but equal"

Brown v. Board of Education

(1954) overturned Plessy; court declared laws establishing separate public schools for blacks and whites to be unconstitutional

Roe v. Wade

(1973) established the right for women to get abortions

Dred Scott v. Sandford

"The Worst Supreme Court Decision" (1857); declared the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional

John Wilkes Booth

shot and killed Lincoln in 1865

Charles J. Guiteau

shot and killed James Garfield in 1880

Leon F. Czolgosz

a crazy Polish anarchist who shot and killed William McKinley in 1901

John F. Schrank

shot Theodore Roosevelt during his Bull Moose campaign in 1912

Lee Harvey Oswald

shot and killed JFK in 1963

John W. Hinckley Jr.

shot and seriously injured Ronald Reagan in 1981

Samuel Adams

(1772-1803) organizer of the Sons of Liberty and the Boston Tea Party, signer of the Declaration of Independence, governor of Massachusetts

John Adams

(1735-1826) drafteded the DOI and was the first Vice President and second president

Abigail Smith Adams

(1744-1818) John's wife; told him to "remember the ladies" to create a new nation

The Great War for the Empire

said by Lawrence Henry Gibson; as known as the Seven Year's War; a worldwide struggle between France and Britain to control parts of America and Asia

The American System

made by Henry Clay in the 1820s, formed a coalition between the East and West

The Peculiar Institution

a southern euphemism for slavery

Waving the Bloody Shirt

said in the post-Civil War by Republicans to devert attention from political issues

The Robber Barons

a name given to industrialists of the late 19th century, such as Cornelius Vanderbilt, Jay Gould, and John D. Rockefeller

Old Hickory

Andrew Jackson

The Little Magician

Martin Van Buren (also the Red Fox and The American Talleyrand)

His Accidency

John Tyler

The Pathfinder

John C. Fremont

The Little Giant

Stephen A. Douglas

...His Fraudulency

Rutherford B. Hayes

The Great Commoner

William Jennings Bryan

The Rough Rider

Theodore Roosevelt

The Ohio Icicle

John Sherman

Big Bill

William Howard Taft

Silent Cal

Calvin Coolidge

The Happy Warrior

Alfred E. Smith

The Kingfish

Huey Long

Tricky Dick

Richard M. Nixon

Landslide Lyndon


Frederick Jackson Turner

wrote "The Significance of the Frontier in American History" in 1893

Washington's Farewell Address

(1796) stressed the importance of national unity with independence, peace, and prosperity; he warned against having more than one political party

Abraham Lincoln's "House Divided" Speech

(1858) said that the country could no longer remain "half slave and half free" which suggested Lincoln was an abolitionist

William Jennings Bryan's "Cross of Gold" Speech

(1896) arguing for the free coinage of silver, ending with "you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold"

Woodrow Wilson declaring war on Germany

(1917) "the world must be made safe for democracy"

FDR's first Inaugural Address

(1933) "the only thing we have to fear is fear itself" ; promised to be a "good neighbor" with foreign policies

New Nationalism

TR's program for regulating big busines and expanding the role of federal gov't in economic and social matters

New Freedom

program of Wilson in 1912; urged the country to rely on competition and monopolies should be broken up through the antitrust law

New Negro

a term used by black intellectuals who stressed racial pride and independence from white influences after WWI

New Era

the Republican description of the mid 1920s when stocks were on the rise and interest rates were low

The New Immigration

used by opponents of unrestricted immigration to distinguish the charnge in the flow of European immigrants to America in the 1880s

Corrupt Bargain

name given to the 1824 election when Jackson won

Bleeding Kansas

in the mid 1850s, antislavery supporters rushed to Kansas to vote for it to be a free state, while slavery supporters did the same, wanting to make it a slave state; much violence broke out as a result

Seward's Folly

(1867) the response to William Seward's purchase of Alaska from Russia for $7,200,000 when many people thought it was too much

Remember the "Maine"

(1898) the cry of those eager to go to war with Spain in order to free Cuba after the USS ship Maine blew up

Keep Cool with Coolidge

Republican urges during the 1924 election

All the Way with LBJ

the Democratic slogan in 1964

Common Sense

(1776) by Thomas Paine, a pamphlet that called for independence completely from Britain

Uncle Tom's Cabin

(1852) by Harriet Beecher Stowe, changed Northerners feelings on slavery; became a cause of the Civil War

The Influence of Sea Power Upon History

(1890) by Alfred Thayer Mahan; argued that nations with powerful navies and oversea bases made them victorious in war

The Jungle

(1906) by Upton Sinclair; described filthy working conditions in which cattle were killed and meat was packed; caused the Pure Food and Drug Act

The Other America

(1962) by Michael Harrington; this book was a force behind the War on Poverty during LBJ, calling to attention the 20-25% of Americans living below the poverty line

Silent Spring

(1962) by Rachel Carson; showed how pesticides affected animals and humans as well as the environment

The Feminine Mystique

(1963) by Betty Friedan; modern feminist movement, helped women become domestisized

John D. Rockefeller

(1839-1937) organizer of the Standard Oil trust; one of the Captains on Industry; a billionaire

Light-Horse Harry

Henry Lee

Young Napoleon

Union general George B. McClellan

Bacon's Rebellion

(1676) an uprising of western Virginia planters led by Nathaniel Bacon where he raised a small army, murdered innocent Indians, and burned Jamestown; all against William Berkeley's Easten Establishment

Paxton Boys Uprising

(1763-1764) PA frontierman from the town Paxton were angered by others' unwillingness to help in the defense against Indian attacks, so they killed innocent Indians

Pontiac's Rebellion

(1763-1764) Indians of the Great Lakes area attempted unsuccessfully to drive the British out of their territory

Shay's Rebellion

(1786-1787) a Massachusetts uprising due to unstable economic conditions following the Revolution; farmers who owed debt (led by Daniel Shays) saught to stop foreclosures

Whiskey Rebellion

(1794) the excise tax on whiskey hit western PA farmers hard, and they organized protest meetings and prevented the collection of the tax, which Washington declared treason and marched against the protestors

Oregon (Battleship)

(1896) known for its 15,000 mile journey from the Pacific coast around South America to the West Indies to be available in case of a war with Spain over Cuba

Sojourner Truth

(1797-1883) she was a leading black abolitionist before the Civil War, who also campaigned for women's rights at the Women's Rights Convention in 1851

Frederick Douglas

(1817-1895) an abolitionist who, during the Civil War, helped raise black regiments and late continued to campaign for full equality for blacks and women

Marcus Garvey

(1887-1940) a black nationalist who founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association, and by the mid 1920s it had a million members; also pushed the Back to Africa movement

Malcolm X

(1925-1965) converted to black Muslim faith and was a nationalist, (he was a radical Muslim critic) but was shot and killed after criticizing other Muslim leaders

The Great Compromise

(1787) this was the agreement reached at the Constitutional Covention between the smaller states who wanted to be represented equally in Congress, and the larger states who wanted representation based on population; the compromise was to give each state 2 senators

The Atlanta Compromise

(1895) the name given to the policy proposed by Booker T. Washington; he urged southern blacks to accept segregation and southern whites to help black people advance in the world; he tried to reduce racial tensions

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