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Every Man a King
proposed by Huey Long during the Great Depression; wanted to take money from the rich and distribute it to average families
Marbury v. Madison
(1803) established judicial review; first time the Court declared a law of Congress unconstitutional
McCullough v. Maryland
(1819) Maryland places a tax on banks, including the B.U.S. ; McCullough refused to pay the tax and was sued by Maryland, so the Supreme Court established that federal gov't had more power than state gov't, and the Constitution was more powerful than both
Gibbons v. Ogden
(1824) a decision in the Supreme Court that said the power to regulate interstate commerce was granted to Congress by the Commerce clause
Munn v. Illonois
(1876) "when private property is devoted to a public use, it is subject to public regulation"
Brown v. Board of Education
(1954) overturned Plessy; court declared laws establishing separate public schools for blacks and whites to be unconstitutional
Dred Scott v. Sandford
"The Worst Supreme Court Decision" (1857); declared the Missouri Compromise unconstitutional
(1772-1803) organizer of the Sons of Liberty and the Boston Tea Party, signer of the Declaration of Independence, governor of Massachusetts
Abigail Smith Adams
(1744-1818) John's wife; told him to "remember the ladies" to create a new nation
The Great War for the Empire
said by Lawrence Henry Gibson; as known as the Seven Year's War; a worldwide struggle between France and Britain to control parts of America and Asia
Waving the Bloody Shirt
said in the post-Civil War by Republicans to devert attention from political issues
The Robber Barons
a name given to industrialists of the late 19th century, such as Cornelius Vanderbilt, Jay Gould, and John D. Rockefeller
Washington's Farewell Address
(1796) stressed the importance of national unity with independence, peace, and prosperity; he warned against having more than one political party
Abraham Lincoln's "House Divided" Speech
(1858) said that the country could no longer remain "half slave and half free" which suggested Lincoln was an abolitionist
William Jennings Bryan's "Cross of Gold" Speech
(1896) arguing for the free coinage of silver, ending with "you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold"
FDR's first Inaugural Address
(1933) "the only thing we have to fear is fear itself" ; promised to be a "good neighbor" with foreign policies
TR's program for regulating big busines and expanding the role of federal gov't in economic and social matters
program of Wilson in 1912; urged the country to rely on competition and monopolies should be broken up through the antitrust law
a term used by black intellectuals who stressed racial pride and independence from white influences after WWI
the Republican description of the mid 1920s when stocks were on the rise and interest rates were low
The New Immigration
used by opponents of unrestricted immigration to distinguish the charnge in the flow of European immigrants to America in the 1880s
in the mid 1850s, antislavery supporters rushed to Kansas to vote for it to be a free state, while slavery supporters did the same, wanting to make it a slave state; much violence broke out as a result
(1867) the response to William Seward's purchase of Alaska from Russia for $7,200,000 when many people thought it was too much
Remember the "Maine"
(1898) the cry of those eager to go to war with Spain in order to free Cuba after the USS ship Maine blew up
(1776) by Thomas Paine, a pamphlet that called for independence completely from Britain
Uncle Tom's Cabin
(1852) by Harriet Beecher Stowe, changed Northerners feelings on slavery; became a cause of the Civil War
The Influence of Sea Power Upon History
(1890) by Alfred Thayer Mahan; argued that nations with powerful navies and oversea bases made them victorious in war
(1906) by Upton Sinclair; described filthy working conditions in which cattle were killed and meat was packed; caused the Pure Food and Drug Act
The Other America
(1962) by Michael Harrington; this book was a force behind the War on Poverty during LBJ, calling to attention the 20-25% of Americans living below the poverty line
(1962) by Rachel Carson; showed how pesticides affected animals and humans as well as the environment
The Feminine Mystique
(1963) by Betty Friedan; modern feminist movement, helped women become domestisized
John D. Rockefeller
(1839-1937) organizer of the Standard Oil trust; one of the Captains on Industry; a billionaire
(1676) an uprising of western Virginia planters led by Nathaniel Bacon where he raised a small army, murdered innocent Indians, and burned Jamestown; all against William Berkeley's Easten Establishment
Paxton Boys Uprising
(1763-1764) PA frontierman from the town Paxton were angered by others' unwillingness to help in the defense against Indian attacks, so they killed innocent Indians
(1763-1764) Indians of the Great Lakes area attempted unsuccessfully to drive the British out of their territory
(1786-1787) a Massachusetts uprising due to unstable economic conditions following the Revolution; farmers who owed debt (led by Daniel Shays) saught to stop foreclosures
(1794) the excise tax on whiskey hit western PA farmers hard, and they organized protest meetings and prevented the collection of the tax, which Washington declared treason and marched against the protestors
(1896) known for its 15,000 mile journey from the Pacific coast around South America to the West Indies to be available in case of a war with Spain over Cuba
(1797-1883) she was a leading black abolitionist before the Civil War, who also campaigned for women's rights at the Women's Rights Convention in 1851
(1817-1895) an abolitionist who, during the Civil War, helped raise black regiments and late continued to campaign for full equality for blacks and women
(1887-1940) a black nationalist who founded the Universal Negro Improvement Association, and by the mid 1920s it had a million members; also pushed the Back to Africa movement
(1925-1965) converted to black Muslim faith and was a nationalist, (he was a radical Muslim critic) but was shot and killed after criticizing other Muslim leaders
The Great Compromise
(1787) this was the agreement reached at the Constitutional Covention between the smaller states who wanted to be represented equally in Congress, and the larger states who wanted representation based on population; the compromise was to give each state 2 senators
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