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female part of a flower


male part of a flower


grainy, often yellow powder made at the top of each stamen


moving pollen from the stamen to the pistil


cells found in the bottom of the pistil


colorful, outer area of the flower


small modified leaves that cover a flower bud

imperfect flower

flower that lacks either stamens or pistils

perfect flower

flower with both stamens and pistils

composite flower

flower that is made of many, tiny flowers


contains all the information for making plant parts

sexual reproduction

passing of DNA from 2 parents to their offspring

asexual reproduction

reproduce from 1 parent without egg and sperm cells-offspring have same genes as parent

ways to move pollen

wind, water, insects, bats & birds

egg cell

female sex cell

sperm cell

male sex cell


joining of sperm and egg cells


tiny new plant in a seed

seed coat

covering that protects the embryo & guards the endosperm


stored food in a seed


seed leaves


plant that has seeds with 1 cotyledon


plant that has seeds with 2 cotyledon

characteristics of monocots

1 area of stored food, leaves have parallel veins, fibrous roots

characteristics of dicots

2 areas of stored food, leaves with branching veins, taproots


single plant cell that can develop into a new plant

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