32 terms

WHI.3 Ancient River Valley Civilizations

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river valleys provided:
water and rich soil for crops as well as protection from invasion
when river valley civilizations emerged
about 3500 to 500 BCE
Mesopotamian civilization
Tigris and Euphrates river valley (Southwest Asia)
Egyptian civilization
Nile River Valley and Nile Delta (Africa)
Indian Civilization
Indus River Valley (South Asia)
Chinese civilization
Huang He River (East Asia)
when other early civilizations emerged
about 2000 to 500 BCE
Hebrews
between the Mediterranean Sea and the Jordan River
Phoenicians
along the Mediterranean Coast
Nubia
on the upper (southern) Nile River
"Cradles of Civilization"
river valleys
examples of hereditary rulers
Dynasties of kings, pharoahs
class systems of ancient river valley civilizations
rigid with slavery accepted
world's first states
city-states, kingdoms, empires
government of ancient river valley civilizations
centralized, often based on religious authority
written law codes of ancient river valley civilizations
included the Ten Commandments and the Code of Hammurabi
metals used to make tools and weapons in ancient river valley civilizations
included bronze and iron
how ancient river valley civilizations increased their agricultural surplus
better tools, plows, irrigation
civilization that increased trade along rivers and by the sea
Phoenicians
polytheism
belief in many gods; practiced by most early civilizations
monotheism
belief in one god
first monotheists
Hebrews
Torah
contains the written records and beliefs of the Jews
Ten Commandments
state moral and religious conduct
diaspora
the dispersion of the Jews outside Israel
Abraham
The founding father of Judaism; first prophet of Christianity, Islam, and the Hebrews
Moses
(Old Testament) the Hebrew prophet who led the Israelites from Egypt across the Red sea on a journey known as the Exodus
Jerusalem
A city in the Holy Land, regarded as sacred by Christians, Muslims, and Jews.
earliest written symbols
pictograms
heiroglyphics
ancient Egyptian writing system using picture symbols for ideas or sounds
cuneiform
Sumerian writing made by pressing a wedge-shaped tool into clay tablets
alphabet
symbols that represent the sounds of a language (1st alphabet by the Phoenicians)

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