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21 terms

ethics-summer

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ethics
philosophical inquiry into nature and grounds of morality
moral standing
all beings who are covered by moral code
moral agency
being held accountable for choices made
autonomy
capacity to make decisions on own; comes with living
conventional morality
basic rules that govern where you are
3 kinds of ethics
descriptive- rules that govern a culture; normative- moral rules and principles establishing universals, analytic
analytic
meta-ethics
2 types of normative ethics
teleological-seeking to achieve goal; deontological- duty based, actions are good or bad in themselves
hedonistic utilitarianism
maximize pleasure, minimize displeasure
eudaimonistic utilitarianism
happiness is all
ideal utilitarianism
there are higher pleasures like shakespeare; higher aesthetic pleasures
act utilitarian
behaviors designed to maximize happiness; act on better utility
rule utilitarian
rules of thumb "one should not lie"
Mill
intrinsic (worthy of moral consideration) and instrumental (capacity to bring happiness to self and others) value
kant
Intrinsic value is absolute, instrumental value is not important
rational autonomy
moral life is based on this, no using people as a means to an end
3 forms of moral law
must be universalizable, principle of ends, self acceptance of rule
Bentham
we have higher and lower pleasures
Aristotle
virtue is middle ground between 2 extremes
Hauerwas and Burrell
moral understanding comes from narratives, we think narratively, virtue is shaped by communities, play by rules of narrative,
John Hick
We experience the world through our moral standing, perception--interpretation--signified--experience as