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philosophical inquiry into nature and grounds of morality
all beings who are covered by moral code
being held accountable for choices made
capacity to make decisions on own; comes with living
basic rules that govern where you are
3 kinds of ethics
descriptive- rules that govern a culture; normative- moral rules and principles establishing universals, analytic
2 types of normative ethics
teleological-seeking to achieve goal; deontological- duty based, actions are good or bad in themselves
maximize pleasure, minimize displeasure
happiness is all
there are higher pleasures like shakespeare; higher aesthetic pleasures
behaviors designed to maximize happiness; act on better utility
rules of thumb "one should not lie"
intrinsic (worthy of moral consideration) and instrumental (capacity to bring happiness to self and others) value
Intrinsic value is absolute, instrumental value is not important
moral life is based on this, no using people as a means to an end
3 forms of moral law
must be universalizable, principle of ends, self acceptance of rule
we have higher and lower pleasures
virtue is middle ground between 2 extremes
Hauerwas and Burrell
moral understanding comes from narratives, we think narratively, virtue is shaped by communities, play by rules of narrative,
We experience the world through our moral standing, perception--interpretation--signified--experience as