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PE 101 (EXAM 2)
Carbohydrates, fats, proteins
Vitamins, minerals, water
a unit of measure indicating the energy value of food.
3500 calories =
1 lb. of body weight =
A disease of the heart and blood
Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)
a MAJOR FORM OF Cardiovascular disease
Genetic/ Personal Lifestyle
What is the most important factor of Cardiovascular Wellness?
Primary Rick Factors of CHD
Smoking, high cholesterol, physical inactivity, hypertension (high blood pressure, systolic 120-129 over diastolic 80-84), family history, gender, obesity, age
Secondary Risk Factors for CHD
The mental, emotional and physiological response of the body to any situation that is new, threatening, frightening or exciting
Stress is ________
The stress causing event is called
General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS), alarm (fight or flight), resistance and exhaustion/recovery stages of stress
Personality and Stress
Type A, Type B, Type C
Coping with Stress
physical activity and relaxation techniques does what?
are a result of a single event
acute injury to the ligaments (joint, ankle, knee ect)
acute injuries to muscle and or tendons (muscle-pulls)
shock absorbing tissue (meniscus)
R.I.C.E (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation)
Treatment for acute injuries
are caused by repetitive forces
stress fractures, bursitis, plantar fasciitis
heat cramps, heat exhaustion, heat stroke (life threatening)
Uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells
cancerous cells spread throughout the body
Tobacco (30%), diet and obesity (30%), family history, sedentary lifestyle, ultraviolet radiation, environmental pollution
Major causes of cancer
the most common type of cancer:
Approximately __% of all cancers are related to lifestyle and environmental factors
____ is the most important factor in controlling your risk of cancer
compulsive and harmful behaviors
Sexually Transmitted Diseases