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34 terms

PE 101 (EXAM 2)

Exam 2
STUDY
PLAY
Fuel Nutrients
Carbohydrates, fats, proteins
Regulatory Nutrients
Vitamins, minerals, water
Calorie
a unit of measure indicating the energy value of food.
3500 calories =
1 lb. of body weight =
Cardiovascular Disease
A disease of the heart and blood
Coronary Heart Disease (CHD)
a MAJOR FORM OF Cardiovascular disease
Atherosclerosis
Fatty/cholesterol depsosits
Genetic/ Personal Lifestyle
What is the most important factor of Cardiovascular Wellness?
Primary Rick Factors of CHD
Smoking, high cholesterol, physical inactivity, hypertension (high blood pressure, systolic 120-129 over diastolic 80-84), family history, gender, obesity, age
Secondary Risk Factors for CHD
Diabetes, stress
Stress
The mental, emotional and physiological response of the body to any situation that is new, threatening, frightening or exciting
Inevitable
Stress is ________
Stressor
The stress causing event is called
Dr.Hans Selye
General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS), alarm (fight or flight), resistance and exhaustion/recovery stages of stress
Personality and Stress
Type A, Type B, Type C
Coping with Stress
physical activity and relaxation techniques does what?
Acute Injuries
are a result of a single event
Sprains
acute injury to the ligaments (joint, ankle, knee ect)
Strains
acute injuries to muscle and or tendons (muscle-pulls)
Cartilage
shock absorbing tissue (meniscus)
R.I.C.E (Rest, Ice, Compression, Elevation)
Treatment for acute injuries
Chronic Injuries
are caused by repetitive forces
Tendonitis
stress fractures, bursitis, plantar fasciitis
Heat Illness
heat cramps, heat exhaustion, heat stroke (life threatening)
Cancer
Uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells
Benign
non-cancerous
Malignant
cancerous
Metastasize
cancerous cells spread throughout the body
Tobacco (30%), diet and obesity (30%), family history, sedentary lifestyle, ultraviolet radiation, environmental pollution
Major causes of cancer
Skin Cancer
the most common type of cancer:
80%
Approximately __% of all cancers are related to lifestyle and environmental factors
Diet
____ is the most important factor in controlling your risk of cancer
Addictive Behaviors
compulsive and harmful behaviors
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
STD: