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Arts and Humanities
NY State Board Esthetics 2016
Terms in this set (377)
Any substance that can cause acute or chronic illness to the human body
Substances whose agents are capable of altering the genetic patterns of a living cell
Any liquid having a flashpoint below 100 degrees fahrenheit
During the infection control process, the level of decontamination that completely destroys all of an organism
Washing your hands with soap and water is an example of what level of decontamination?
Which one of the following types of disinfectants is not recommended for salon use because of its active ingredients that are poisonous to inhale?
Rubbing alcohol is the common name for what type of alcohol?
The use of which one of the following is the most preferred in a disinfection process for salon implements?
According to NY state regulations and law, rules and regulations, an esthetician who fails to properly file a renewal must pay an additional fee of ...
According to NY state regulations and law, rules and regulations, the total number of temporary licenses that an esthetician can obtain is ...
According to NY state regulations and law, rules and regulations, the absence of which of the following is an appearance enhancement workplace is evidence of an act of non-compliance?
According to NY state regulations and law, rules and regulations, define which of the following terms the process that renders and object safe for internal skin penetration?
Which one of the following is the name of the information bulletin prepared by the manufacturer or importer of chemicals that describe the chemical's physical and chemical properties, physical and health hazards exposure precautions and emergency info?
Chemicals that cause a substantial proportion of exposing people to develop an allergic reaction after repeated exposure are known as
Substances or chemicals capable of causing birth defects are called
Any solid, liquid, or gas that can burn and ignite is considered
During the infection control process, it is most difficult to kill
Using an antiseptic on the skin is an example of what level of decontamination?
Which one of the following types of disinfectants is generally considered the safest and fast acting?
Which one of the following is not a common active ingredient in disinfectants for salon use?
Methyl, ethyl and isopropyl are all types of
In order to achieve sterilization in an autoclave, the use of steam and ...
Passed a written examination.
According to New York State law, rules and regulations, when an esthetician fails to properly file for renewal within 5 years of license expiration, a new license cannot be issued until
According to New York State law, rules and regulations, the photograph offered to the esthetics license must be no more than how many years old?
New York State department of State rules and regulations prohibit the use of non disposal
New York State department of States rules and regulations define which of the following terms as the process of making an object clean and safe for use?
According to New York State department of state rules and regulations, disinfection must be accomplished by the use of hospital grade disinfectants registered by the...
Manufacturer or distributor of products
A salon employee who wished to obtain hazard information about a new product for use at work should contact the...
Non corrosive chemicals that temporarily inflame living tissues by chemical action at the site of contact is known as ...
Substances or agents capable of producing or causing cancer are known as...
Adverse health affects with symptoms that develop rapidly are called...
During the infection control process, the highest level of decontamination is
Hospital grade disinfectants generally do NOT kill
To achieve disinfection, salon implements should generally be soaked in quat solution for at least
Another name for household bleach is
The minimum strength of isopropyl alcohol necessary for disinfection is
In order to achieve sterilization, an autoclave uses air pressure and
According to State Law, rules and regulations, temporary esthetics licenses expire after the period of time issuance is
According to State Law, rules and regulations, failure to display an esthetics license can result in a maximum fine of
Cotton pads that have come in contact with blood or discharge from pimples must be disposed of in a
Which of the following terms is the process the kills all disease producing organisms including bacteria, fungi, viruses, and spores?
All supplies and implements must be transported to and from remote locations in containers that are
The federal government requires material data sheets be prepared and made by available to workers by the
Chemicals that cause permanent visible destruction or change in living tissue at the sight of contact are known as
The sum of adverse effects from exposure to a substance is known as
Adverse health defects that develop slowly over a long period of time and persists or reoccur frequently are called
During the infection control process, the level of decontamination most appropriate for salon implements is
During the infection control process, the lowest level of decontamination is
Which of the the following types of disinfectants are generally slowest acting?
Evaporate very quickly
A disadvantage of using phenolic disinfectants is that they sometimes
Which of the following is a chemical agent that is highly flammable?
An example of physical sanitation agent is
The cell structure made up of dense protoplasm that is found in the center of each cell
The complex chemical process where by the body cells are nourished and supplied with the energy needed to carry on their many activities is known as
Specialized cells of the same kind are called
The body organ that supplies oxygen to the blood is the
The system of the human body that supplies the body with oxygen is called the
The tough elastic substance to bone that cushions bones at the joints is known as
The brain and spinal cord make up which division of the nervous system?
The blood component that functions to destroy disease causing genes are the
The neck is an example of which type of joint?
Another name for the collar bone is the
Which bone on the forearm is on the same side as the thumb?
Which one of the following bones from the top of the spinal column located in the regions of the neck?
Which one of the following is the name of the two bones that form the sides and top of the cranius?
Which one of the following is the name of two bones that form the prominence of the cheeks?
The forearm muscles that bend to the wrist, draw the hand upward, and close the fingers toward the forearm are the
The muscle that extends from the collar bone to the temporal bone in the back of the ear and rotates and bends the head is the
The muscles that cover the back of the neck and the upper and middle regions of the back that rotate the shoulder blades and control swinging movements of the arm are the trapezius and the
The broad muscle that covers the top of the skull is the
The muscle that coordinate the opening and closing of the mouth often referred to as the chewing muscles, are the temporalis and the
The muscle the extends along the side of the chin and draws the corner of the mouth is the
Olfactory, optic, and auditory are the following samples of which type of cranial nerves?
Which one of the following is another name for the facial artery?
Ulnar and Radial
Which one of the following arteries are the major blood suppliers for the arm and hand?
An example of lymphoid tissue is the
Which one of the following substances make up about 70% of the dermis?
The pigment cells that are scattered throughout the basal layer of the epidermis are known as
The skin layer responsible for the growth of the epidermis is the stratum
The layer of epidermis is that consists of tightly packed scaly-like cells that continuously shed and is replaced is called the stratum
Which layer of the dermis lies directly under the epidermis?
The elastic network of the dermis is made up of
What is the name of the fatty tissue found below the dermis>
The nerves of the skin that move the blood vessels and erector pills muscles are the
Glands of the skin responsible for the regulation of body temperature are the
Sebaceous glands are not found on what part of the body?
All the various types of sugars are included in which basic food group?
The cell material outside of the nucleus and contains material for growth and reproduction and self repair is known as
The process which the cell absorbs food and stores water for food and repair is called
Which type of tissue is used to support, protect, and build the body?
The body organ that removes toxic products of digestion is the
The system of the body the supplies blood throughout the body is called the
Bands of sheets of fibrous tissue that support the bones at the joints are known as
Central Nervous System
The functions of the 5 senses are controlled by which division of the nerve system?
The thick walled muscular blood vessels that carry oxygen filled blood from the heart to the other parts of the body are called
Ball & Socket
The hip is an example of which joint?
Two bones that form the shoulder are the scapula and the
Another name for the knee cap is the
The bones of the chest including the breastbone, spine, ribs and connective cartilage's are also known as the
Which of the following is the bone that connects all the bones of the cranium?
Which one of the following is the name of the lower jawbone that forms the lower jaw?
The muscle that covers the entire back, upper forearms and extend the forearms are known as the
The broad muscle that forms from the chest to the side of the chin to the lower jaw and expresses sadness is the
One of the muscles that cover the chest and allows for the arms to swing are the
Two parts of the epicranius are the frontalis and the
The muscle that completely surrounds the eye socket and closes the eyelid is the
The muscle between the upper and lower jaw that compresses the cheeks and expels the air between the lips is called the
The trochlear, abducent, and accessory are examples of which type of cranial nerve?
Which of the following arteries supplies the lower region of the face and nose?
The two arteries which are the main blood supply for the arms are the lunar and the?
Lymphatic capillaries are also known as
The protein substance that forms from a network of microscopic fibers that gives the skin structural support for cells and blood vessels is known as
Special cells which contain pigment granules that are scatted throughout the basal layer of the epidermis are known as
The stratum germinative is also referred to as what skin layer?
The layer of the epidermis that contains cells that form keratin is called the
Another name for the dermis is the
The two layers of the dermis are the papillary and the
Subcutaneous tissue is also known as what type of tissue?
The nerves that give the skin a sense of touch are the
The glands of the skin responsible for the elimination of waste products through perspiration are the
The glands of the skin responsible for the production of sebum are the
Glucose is stored in what part of the body?
The colorless jellylike substance that make up all living cells is
The process which the cells consume what they have absorbed and stored in order to do specialized functions such as muscular effort is called
Which type of body tissue coordinates all body functions?
One of the body organs responsible for the digestion of food is the
The system of the human body that is made up of ductless glands which secrete hormones into the bloodstream is the
The muscles of the face, arms, and legs are examples of which type of muscle type
The nerve cells near the surface of the skin are known as
The thin walled blood vessels that carry blood that lacks oxygen to the heart are called
A knee is an example of which type of joint?
The uppermost and largest bone of the arm is the
The long heavy bone that forms above the knee is known as the
The protective covering of the heart and lungs is known as the
Which one of the following is the name of the two bones that form the sides of the head and the ear region?
Which one of the following is the name of the two bones that join to form the upper jaw?
The largest thick triangular muscle that covers the shoulders and lift and turn the arms are known as the
The forearm muscles that straighten the wrist, hand, and finger to form a straight line are called the
One of the muscles that cover the front of the chest and assist in swinging movement of the arm is the
Two parts of the epicranius are the occipitals and the
The muscles that cover the top of the nose, depresses the eyebrows, and causes wrinkles across the bridge of the nose is the
The muscle that extends from the cheekbones to the angle of the mouth and elevates the lip as in laughing is the
The chief motor nerve that affects the muscles of the neck and the back is the
Internal and external jugulars
Which one of the following sets are the main sources of the blood supply to the head, face, and neck?
Radial and ulnar
Two arteries which are the main blood supplier for the arm and the hand are
The function of what type of tissue includes removing bacteria and foreign materials and producing antibodies to combat infections
Approximately what percent of the dermis is made up of collagen?
The brownish black pigment which gives the skin it's color and serves as the skin's protective screen from ultra-violet rays is called
The basal or malphagin layer are other names for which layers of the epidermis?
The layer of the epidermis consisting of clear cells through which light can pass is called the stratum
Another name for the dermis is the
Which layer of the dermis contains small cone shaped projections of elastic tissue that points upward into the epidermis
Which tissue layer found below the dermis contains a store of fat to be burned away for energy and act as a protective cushion for the outer skin?
The nerves of the skin that react to heat and cold are the
The sweat glands are also known as the
The oil glands secrete a substance known as
Approximately 1/2 to 1/3 of the human body is made up of what substance?
The cell structure that encloses the cell cytoplasm and controls the transportation of substances in and out of the cells is called the cell
The maintenance of normal internal stability in the body is known as
Bone, cartilage, ligament, tendon, and fat tissues are examples of what type of body tissue?
The body organ that excretes water and other waste products is the
The system in the human body that controls and coordinates the functions of all the other systems of the body is the
Muscles are joined together by
The parts of the nerve cells that receive messages from other nerve cells are called
The tiny walled blood vessels through which the body's tissues receive nourishment and eliminate waste products are called
Ball and Socket
The shoulder is an example of which type of joint?
The large bone on the small finger side of the forearm is the
The larger of the two bones that are below the knee is the
Which of the following is the name of the v-shaped bone located in the front part of the throat and commonly called the Adam's apple?
Which one of the following is a facial bone?
Which one of the following is the largest and strongest bone of the face?
The muscles on the front of the upper arm that lift the forearms, flex the arms out, and turn the palms up, are known as the
The forearm muscle that turns the hand inward and makes the palms face downward is the
The muscle that covers the back of the neck and the upper and middle regions of the back that rotate the shoulder blades and controls swinging movements in the arms are the latissimus dorsi and the
The muscle that raises the eyebrows and causes wrinkles across the forehead is the
The muscle that coordinates the opening and closing of the mouth often referred to as chewing muscles are the masseter and the:
Quads Labius Superious
The muscle that surrounds the upper part of the lip, raises and draws back the upper lip and elevates the nostrils while expressing distaste is the
The trigmenal facial and numeral castrate are examples of which type of cranial nerve?
Which one of the following arteries supplies the scalp and back of the head up to the crown?
Which one of the following are the names of the principle veins of the head, face, and neck?
The type of fluid that carries nourishment from the blood to the cells and removes waste from the cells are
The space between the collagen fibers and skin contains a protein called
The color of the skin depends primarily on the presence of
The stratum germinativum is often referred to as what skin layer?
The layer of the epidermis that is present only in the palms of the hands and soles of the feet were there are no hair follicles is the
The layer of the skin that contains blood and lymph vessels, nerves, sweat glands, and oil glands is known as the
The skin layer that does not contain blood vessels is the
Which tissue layer found below the dermis gives smoothness and contour of the body?
The nerves of the skin that send messages to the brain are the
Which of the following are the type of sweat glands that are attached to the hair follicles and release secretions of the oil glands?
Oil glands are known as
1/2 - 2/3
What portion of the human body is made up of water?
An infection that can pass from one person to another through direct or indirect contact is called
The ability of the body to resist disease and destroy micro-organisms when they have entered the body is known as
An infection that affects only one area of the body is known as
The term pathogenic means
An example of an infection caused by an animal parasite is
A common cold is an example of which type of infection?
The group of rod shaped bacteria that produces such disease as tents, influenza, and tuberclerosis is
Cracks in the skin that penetrate the dermis such as those seen in chapped hands or lips are known as:
A small pimple that does not contain fluid but can develop pus is known as a
Eczema is an example of a skin
Ringworm is an example of a skin
Which one of the following is a form of leukoderma?
A secondary term for a wart is a
Blackheads are technically known as
A sebaceous cyst which usually occurs on the scalp, neck, or back is
An infection that can be passed from one person to another by direct or indirect contact is called:
A type of immunity inherited from one's parents is known as
An infection that has spread to another part of the body is known as which type of infection
The most plentiful type of organism on earth are
A multi celled organism that lives off a matter without providing any benefit to its host is known as a
Pathogenic agents smaller than bacteria by many times that enter a healthy cell, grow till maturity and reproduce, then destroy the cell are called
The group of round pus producing bacteria are known as the
Structural change in skin tissue caused by injury or disbar are known as
Sores or abrasions caused by scratching or scraping the skin are known as
Psoriasis is an example of a skin
Herpes simplex is an example of a
A general term for the abnormal lack of pigmentation in the body is
A callus of the skin is caused by
Whiteheads are technically known as
Which one of the following skin conditions is a chronic inflammatory congestion of the cheeks and nose, characterized by the reddens of blood vessels?
Another word for contagious is
Natural acquired immunity
A type of immunity that results when one attack of a disease builds immunity to prevent and overcomes another attack is known as
Blood poisoning is an example of which type of infection?
The organism which is the most common cause of infection and disease in the humans are
An example of an infection caused by a vegetable parasite is
AIDS is caused by what type of organism?
The type of bacteria that's grown in pairs are known as
Open lesions on the skin accompanied by pus and loss of skin depth are known as
Itchy swollen lesions in the skin such as hives are known as
A chronic skin inflammation usually found on the scalp, elbows, knees, and chest and are characterized by dry round patches of silvery scales is a disorder known as
Tinea is a skin infection caused by
Which one of the following conditions is a form of leukoderma?
A naevus is commonly known as
Comedones are also known as
Rosacea is an inflammatory congestion which affects most frequently the cheeks and
Another word for communicable is
Artificially acquired immunity
The type of immunity that results from vaccines that act against diseases is known as
An abscess is known as what type of infection
The most common group of pathogenic bacteria that product such diseases as tetanus, influenza, and tuberculosis are the
An example of an infection caused by an animal parasite is
Hepatitis is caused by what type of organism?
The type of bacteria that causes boils are the
Sensitivities which certain people develop to normally harmless substances are known as
Freckles on the skin are technically called
A chronic, long lasting, skin inflammation characterized by itchy, burning, and the formation of skin oozing and blistering as a disorder is known as
Ringworm is a skin infection caused by a
The technical term for liver spots on the skin is
Excess friction on the skin can cause a
Modern studies show that acne is often caused by
Which one of the following is not a disorder of the oil glands?
The parts of the atom having a negative share are the
When two or more elements unite chemically, they form a
A substance made of two or more elements which combine physically rather than chemically is known as a
The odor of a substance is an example of which type of property?
The lightest known element is
The relative density of a substance is also known as its
4.5 - 6.0
The pH of the skins acid mantle ranges from
A cosmetic solution containing a small quantity of solute in proportion to the solvent is called which type of solution?
Permanent mixtures of two or more immiscible substances which are held in suspension with the aid of a binder are called
Ingredients in cosmetics products that function to help moisturize
Substances such as glycerine that hold products together are known as
The basic unit of all matter is the
Bases are also known as
When two elements are combined to form a substance, and they both contain their individual characteristics, without changing their properties, it is known as
The specific gravity of a substance is also known as
The combustibility of a substance is an example of what type of property?
Water is composed of oxygen and
The pH love of the skin is generally considered to be
Which one of these substances is known to dissolve more than any other solvent?
A cosmetics solution that will not dissolve or take up more of the solute it already holds at a given temperature is classified as which type of solution?
Ingredients in cosmetics products that function to dissolve ingredients are known as
Which one of the following ingredients is also known as baking soda?
In chemistry, the smallest parts of an element that possesses the characteristics of an element are
Alkalis are known as
The relative density of a substance refers to the substances density relative to
The taste of a substance is an example of which type of property
The colorless gaseous element which occupies about 4/5 of the air is
Water is composed of hydrogen and
The pH level of pure water is
Water is considered to be a universal
A cosmetic solution containing a large quantity of solute in proportion to the quantity of solvent is classified as which type of solution?
Ingredients in cosmetic products that function to let products spread more easily are also known as
Which one of the following ingredients are commonly used in soaps and cosmetic creams is a strong alkaline?
Substances that cannot be made by the combination of simple substances or reduced to simple substances are known as
Compounds consisting of hydrogen, a non metal, and contains compounds of nitrogen, are classified as
Which one of the following is a chemical property of matter?
A color of a substance is an example of which type of property?
The most abundant element found on earth both free and in compounds is
Compounds formed by the reaction of an acid and a base are known as
The pH of the skin's acid mantle is most accurately described as
Cosmetics preparations made by dissolving a solid, liquid, or gas into another substance are called
Substances used to coat droplets of oil in order to stabilize oil and keep them distributed evenly throughout the water base is a
Which one of the following types of substances usually make up the largest part of cosmetic products
Which one of the following ingredients is an herb which in a solution of alcohol and water is a commonly used astringent?
Which one of the following is the name of an electrical device that serves as a conductor and applicator of electricity to certain areas of the body?
Which one of the following is a unit of electrical strength?
High frequency currently used for facial treatments characterized by high rates of oscillation is known as
Substances that resist the passage of an electric current are known as
Which one of the following it the name of an electrical device that measures the strength of the current used
The electrical current used for facial treatments is measured in
Substances that readily transmit electric current are known as
Which one of the following is a safety device that prevents the overheating of electrical wires?
Which one of the following is a measurement of how much electric energy is being used in one second?
Which one of the following is the name of an alternating interrupting electric current used for certain facial treatment that produce mechanical reaction without a chemical effect?
Which one of the following substances is a good electric insulator?
Which one of the following is the name of the instrument used to measure the rate of flow of an electric current?
Which one of the following is a unit of electrical pressure?
Which one of the following is the name of the constant low level and direct electric current used in a facial treatment?
Which one of the following substances is a good electrical insulator?
Round and butterfly
Eye pads are generally made in which of the following two shapes
When applying contents during a facial procedure, application should begin at the clients:
Wax masks are generally beneficial to which skin type?
The facial treatment process that softens and liquefies accumulations of sebum in the follicles is known as
Produce an acid reaction
During a facial treatment, the positive pole of the galvanic current machine may be used on the skin to:
During a facial treatment, the negative pole of the galvanic current machine may be used on the skin to:
Which one of the following machines is used by an esthetician to help analyze a client's skin condition?
When using a facial vaporizer during a facial treatment, the vapor should be set approximately how many inches from the skin?
The basic massage movement that consists of light continuous movement applied to the skin in a smooth and rhythmic is known as
The basic massage movement that consists of slapping and hacking is known as
The Doctor Jacquet movement is a form of what basic massage stroke?
While preforming the effleurage massage movement over large surfaces of the body, it's appropriate to use the:
2 x 2
Round eye pads are made using pieces of cotton of what approximate size?
Which type of facial mask absorbs oil and debris from the skin?
After the facial treatment, the positive pole of the galvanic current machine may be used on the skin to:
During a facial treatment, the negative pole:
Dehydrated skin appears as what color when examined under a Wood's Lamp
The basic massage movements that consists of kneading movement in which the skin is grasped between the thumb and forefinger are known as:
A percussion uses which type of the following types of massage:
A form of therapeutic massage that is confined to the manipulation of the hands and feet is:
During a facial, butterfly pads are used on the:
An infra-red lamp should never be used in a treatment of what type of skin?
When using a galvanic current machine, in order for ionization or iontophoresis to work properly, the cream or lotion applied on the face must be:
Decreases redness caused by mild acne
During a facial treatment, the positive pole of a galvanic current machine may be used on the skin to:
Which one of the following types of high electrodes is used in circular motions on the face and neck?
Oily areas on the face appear as which of the following shades when viewed under a wood's lamp?
The spray machine that carries plant extract, herb teas, skin fresheners, and astringents to the face in a very fine mist is called the
The electrodes of the high frequency machine are usually made of:
Normal healthy skin appears as what color when viewed under a Wood's lamp
Which type of light rays are used in a salon to heal and relax the skin?
The basic massage movement that consists of tapping, slapping, and hacking movement is known as
Cushions of the fingertips
While performing an effleurage massage movement over small surfaces of the body, it's appropriate to use the:
Which one of the basic massage movements has the most marked influence on the circulation and glandular actives of the skin?
Another name for the percussion massage movement is
Which one of the following is not a method of epilation?
Applying in direction of hair growth, remove against direction of hair growth
Which one of the following best describes the procedure for applying and removing soft wax to the legs?
Remove hair at the root
The term epilatory means to
Which one of the following methods of hair removal destroys the hair papilla?
The general term used to describe the removal of hair by the roots is:
Apply in direction of hair growth, remove in opposite direction of hair growth
Which one of the following best describes the procedure for applying and removing hard wax to the eyebrow area during a treatment?
Permanent hair removal can be achieved only by using
While applying soft wax to the legs during the hair removal procedure, the spatula should be held at what angle?
Which one of the following is not a primary color?
The color as the eyes perceives is known as the colors'
Which one of the following is considered a cool color
Artistically ideal proportions and features in what face shape is used to form the basis for corrective makeup application?
Makeup should not be applied to a client whose lying down because when reclined, the clients face appears
A long thin face would be wider and fuller by applying a lighter foundation to the area of the
Which one of the following is a secondary color?
The lightness or darkness of a color is known as the color's
Which one of the following is known as a primary color?
When using the ideal oval face as a guide, the distance between the eyes is equal to the width of the
The makeup chair should never be tilted beyond what degree?
Fuller and thicker
The light foundation when applied down the center of the nose will make the nose appear more:
Which one of the following is an example of a secondary color?
The brightness and dullness of a color is known as a colors'
Which of the following is generally considered a warm color?
Natural skin tones have an underlying tone of:
Which type of foundation generally gives the most natural look?
The use of darker foundation on the neck than the use on the face will make the neck appear
Which one of the following is the example of a tertiary color?
Having a low color value or the darkness of a color is known as the color's
Which one of the following is considered a cool color?
Olive skinned tones have an underlying tone of
Even the skin color
The main purpose of applying face powder is to
Large or crooked nose
The use of a light foundation or highlighting powder can be best used to correct a:
what is the exception to the pka rule?
What type of drug is commonly used after surgery to prevent clots from forming?
Where are sodium potassium pumps located?
Since a watt is a small unit of energy, power companies describe watt usage in:
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