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14 terms

Psychology_110

PSY110_JCTCS
STUDY
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1st definition of psychology
the scientific study of the human soul
mind-body dualism
the idea that a God-given soul animated the separate but otherwise lifeless body
Willhelm Wundt
Professor of Physiology and later Philosopy at Univ. of Leipzig, Germany; considered founder of Psychology
psycho-physical parallelism
holds that although the mind and boyd operated in different worlds, the non-material mind and the material body were tightly linked.
2nd definition of psychology
the scientific study of human and animal minds or mental processes
William James
investigated psychic phenomena in order to verify the existence of the soul; decided that the mind was a process that had evolved to allow an animal to adapt to circumstances or environment so it could survive.
3rd definition of psychology (1920s)
scientific study of human and animal behavior
John Watson
3rd definition; founded school of thought called Behaviorsim
B.F. Skinner
Harvard Professor that championed Behaviorism
4th definition of psychology (1970s)
scientific study of human and animal behavior and mental processes
5th definition of psychology
scientific study of behavior and mental processes
6th (current) definition of psychology
the study of behavior and mental processes in context.
structuralism
approach to psychology that attempted to break down experience into its basic elements or structures, using a technique called introspection, in which subjects provided scientific reports of perceptual experiences
functionalism
approach to psychology that emphasized the function of the mind rather than its structure or contents. Influenced by Darwin's theory of natural selection, followers attempted to learn how mental processes, such as learning, thinking, and perceiving helped people adapt.