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10th Edition

Topical Fluoride

Fluoride that is applied directly to the tooth.

Intrinsic stains

Stains that occur within the tooth structure and that may be removed by polishing.

Exogenous stains

Stains developed from external sources.

Disclosing Agents

Coloring agent that makes plaque visible when applied to teeth.

Extrinsic stains

Stains that occur on the external surfaces of the teeth and that may be removed by polishing.

Rubber cup polishing

A technique used to remove plaque and stains from the coronal surfaces of the teeth.


Finger rest used when holding an instrument or hand piece for a specific time.


Artificial tooth that replaces a missing natural tooth.

Oral prophylaxis

The complete removal of calculus, debris, stain, and plaque from the teeth.

Coronal Polishing

A technique used to remove plaque and stains from the coronal surfaces of the teeth.

Clinical Crown

The portion of the tooth that is visible in the oral cavity.

Prophy paste

Commercial premixed abrasive paste used for polishing teeth and restorations.


Calcium and phosphate salts in saliva that become mineralized and adhere to tooth surfaces.


Stains developed from within the structure of the tooth.

Systemic fluoride

Fluoride that is ingested and then circulated throughout the body.

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