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Finding unconscious conflicts by interpreting the censored meaning ("latent content") of dreams
deriving from psychoanalytic tradition that view individuals as responding to unconscious forces and childhood experiences, and that seeks to enhance self-insight
Emphasis on the importance of self-awareness and self-acceptance, Exploration of CURRENT feelings ( opposite of Freudian exhibit)
Rationale of the preventive mental health viewpoint
o Based on the idea that many psychological disorders could be prevented by changing oppressive, esteem-destroying environments into more benevolent, nurturing environments that foster individual growth and self-confidence
Boost the availability of neurotransmitters that elevate arousal and mood, commonly used to treat anxiety disorders
Three Benefits attributed to all psychotherapies
Hope for demoralized people (Escape from learned helplessness), New perspective (New way of seeing oneself & responding to the world), A healthy relationship (Empathy, trust, caring)
Effectiveness of psychotherapies
80% of untreated people have poorer outcomes than the average treated person
Clients and clinitans tend to overestimate the effectiveness of psychotherapy because
"Regression toward the mean" makes therapy appear remarkably effective
Exposures cultivating both differentiation and connectivity, values the forming of "interpersonal bridges"
Cheaper than individual therapy, Offers benefits of a social context ( others face similar problems)
Explores problematic patterns of BOTH thinking and behaving ( purge irrational negative thinking & behave in "mood-incongruent" ways
Focus Treatment for Cognitive Therapy
Getting people to think in fresh, more constructive ways; eliminating "catastrophizing beliefs about oneself
Maladaptive behavior --> maladaptive thoughts; maladaptive behavior must be directly confronted
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