34 terms

Military Organization

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DEFINITION OF COMMAND
Command is defined as the authority that a commander in the Armed Forces lawfully exercises over subordinates by virtue of rank or assignment.
COMMANDER'S INTENT
A clear and concise expression of the purpose of the operation and the desired military end state supports mission command, provides focus to the staff, and helps subordinate and supporting commanders act to achieve the commander's desired results without further orders, even when the operation does not unfold as planned.
two parts to every mission
The task that clearly indicates the action to be taken
•The purpose or reason for the action
REQUEST MAST
Marine Corps Order 1700.23F defines request mast, which is a process that preserves the right of every Marine to directly seek assistance from, or communicate grievances to, their commanding officers.
REQUEST MAST PROCEDURES
Here are some procedures for requesting mast:
The Marine requesting mast must submit a request in writing (either NAVMC 11296 or standard letter format) to the commander in their chain of command with whom they are requesting mast.

•Although intermediate commanders will attempt to resolve the issue, the request mast should spend no more than one working day at each level of command.

•Marines will be afforded the opportunity to request mast in person except under extraordinary circumstances.

•Commanders will hear emergency cases as soon as initially submitted. Some criteria that make a request mast an emergency include:
REQUEST MAST PROCEDURES
Whether the Marine is subject to an ongoing hardship (e.g., delay in receiving pay)
-The severity of the hardship
-If the issue will remain unresolved upon a certain date, time, or expected event in the future (e.g., request for leave to attend a relative's funeral being denied)
Which of the following statements defines request mast?
To preserve the right of every Marine to directly seek assistance from, or communicate grievances to, their commanding officers
Which of the following is the Marine Corps Order on request mast?
MCO 1700.23F
All staff officers perform the following duties:
*Advise the commander with respect to their functional areas of interest.
•Prepare, update, and maintain staff estimates.
•Prepare plans and orders and monitor execution of decisions.
•Process, analyze, and disseminate information.
•Identify and analyze problems.
•Conduct internal, vertical, and horizontal staff coordination.
•Train and supervise staff sections.
•Exercise staff cognizance over assigned areas.
S-1 MANPOWER OFFICER
S-1 is the manpower officer for all matters on manpower management, personnel administration, and headquarters management. Every unit staff has a manpower officer.
S-2 INTELLIGENCE OFFICER
The S-2 has staff responsibility for intelligence and intelligence operations. The commander relies on the intelligence officer to provide information on weather, terrain, and enemy capabilities, status, and intentions.
S-3 OPERATIONS OFFICER
The S-3 is the principal staff officer for all matters on training, plans, operations, and organization. Every unit staff has an operations officer.
S-4 LOGISTICS OFFICER
The S-4 is the principal staff officer for all logistic matters. The S-4 plans, coordinates, and supervises the provision for the battalion/squadron in the areas of supply, maintenance, transportation, health services, engineer support, landing support, materials handling, food services, mortuary affairs, and host-nation support. Every unit staff has a logistics officer.
S-6 COMMUNICATIONS OFFICER
The S-6 is the principal staff officer for all communication information systems (CIS) matters. Every unit staff has a CIS officer.
MARINE AIR-GROUND TASK FORCE (MAGTF)
The Marine air-ground task force (MAGTF) is the Marine Corps' principal organization for all missions across the range of military operations, composed of forces task- organized under a single commander capable of responding rapidly to a contingency anywhere in the world.
-The types of forces in the MAGTF are functionally grouped into four core elements detailed to the right.
-The four core elements are categories of forces, not formal commands.
COMMAND ELEMENT (CE)
The headquarters is the core element of a MAGTF. The command element is composed of the commander, general or executive and special staff sections, headquarters section, and requisite communications support, intelligence, and reconnaissance forces necessary to accomplish the mission. The command element provides command and control, intelligence, and other support essential for effective planning and execution of operations by the other elements of the MAGTF. The command element varies in size and composition.
AVIATION COMBAT ELEMENT (ACE)
The aviation combat element provides all or a portion of the six functions of Marine aviation necessary to accomplish the MAGTF's mission. These functions are:
Antiair warfare
•Offensive air support
•Assault support
•Electronic warfare
•Air reconnaissance
•Control of aircraft and missiles
The aviation combat element is usually composed of an aviation unit headquarters and various other aviation units or their detachments. It can vary in size from a small aviation detachment of specifically required aircraft to one or more Marine aircraft wings.
GROUND COMBAT ELEMENT (GCE)
It is usually constructed around an infantry organization but can vary in size from a small ground unit of any type to one or more Marine divisions that can be independently maneuvered under the direction of the MAGTF commander. It includes appropriate ground combat and combat support forces, and in a joint or multinational environment, it may contain other Service or multinational forces assigned or attached to the MAGTF.
LOGISTICS COMBAT ELEMENT (LCE)
The logistics combat element varies in size from a small detachment to one or more force service support groups. It provides supply, maintenance, transportation, general engineering, health services, and a variety of other services to the MAGTF. In a joint or multinational environment, it may also contain other Service or multinational forces assigned or attached to the MAGTF.
MARINE AIR-GROUND TASK FORCE (MAGTF)
•The MAGTF provides a combatant commander or other operational commander with a versatile expeditionary force capable of responding to a broad range of crisis and conflict situations. MAGTFs organized, trained, and equipped to perform missions ranging from:
Humanitarian assistance
-Peacekeeping
-Intense comba
MARINE EXPEDITIONARY FORCE (MEF)
The Marine expeditionary force (MEF) is the largest Marine air-ground task force (MAGTF) and the Marine Corps' principal warfighting organization for larger crises or contingencies.
-It is task-organized around a permanent command element and normally consists of one or more Marine divisions, Marine aircraft wings, and Marine logistics groups.
-The Marine expeditionary force is capable of missions across the range of military operations, including amphibious assault and sustained operations ashore in any environment. It can operate from a sea base, a land base, or both.
-In a joint or multinational environment, it may also contain other Service or multinational forces assigned or attached to the MAGTF.
COMPONENTS OF THE MEF
It is normally commanded by a lieutenant general.
•The MEF consists of 20K-90K personnel, which includes the following elements:
- Command element (CE): MEF staff
- Ground combat element (GCE): A Marine division
- Aviation combat element (ACE): A Marine aircraft wing
- Logistics combat element (LCE): A Marine logistics group
Based at Camp Pendleton, California
I MEF has a global response focus, but is oriented on PACOM and CENTCOM.
Includes: 11th, 13th, and 15th MEUs
1st Marine Marine Division
1st Marine Logistics Group
3d Marine Aircraft Wing located aboard Marine Corps Air Station Miramar, San Diego, California
Based at Camp Lejeune, North Carolina
II MEF has a global response focus but is oriented on AFRICOM and EUCOM.
Includes: 22nd, 24th, and 26th MEUs
2d Marine Division
2d Marine Logistics Group
2d Marine Aircraft Wing located aboard Marine Corps Air Station Cherry Point, North Carolina
Based at Okinawa, Japan
III MEF remains regionally oriented on PACOM.
Includes: 31st MEU
3d Marine Division
3d Marine Logistics Group
1st Marine Aircraft Wing located aboard Camp Butler, Okinawa Japan
Which of the following is typically the ground combat element within a MEF?
One division
MARINE EXPEDITIONARY BRIGADE (MEB)
A Marine expeditionary brigade (MEB) is a MAGTF constructed around a reinforced infantry regiment, a composite Marine aircraft group, and a combat logistics regiment.
Each MEB contains the following elements:
- Command element (CE): MEB staff
- Ground combat element (GCE): Regimental combat team (RCT)
- Aviation combat element (ACE): Composite Marine aircraft group (MAG)
- Logistics combat element (LCE): Combat logistics regiment (CLR)
MARINE EXPEDITIONARY UNIT (MEU)
A Marine expeditionary unit (MEU) is a MAGTF constructed around a reinforced infantry battalion, a reinforced helicopter squadron, and a task-organized reinforced combat logistics battalion.
It normally fulfills Marine Corps forward sea-based deployment requirements. The MEU provides an immediate reaction capability for crisis response and is capable of limited combat operations.
COMPONENTS OF A MEU
The MEU has a forward presence of 1,500-3,000 personnel. It is composed of the following:
•GCE: Reinforced infantry battalion
•ACE: Reinforced composite helicopter squadron
•LCE: Reinforced combat logistics battalion (CLB)
MARFORRES MISSION STATEMENT
The mission of MARFORRES is to augment and reinforce active Marine forces in time of war, national emergency or contingency operations, provide personnel and operational tempo relief for the active forces in peacetime, and provide service to the community.
THE ROLE OF MARFORRES
The Commander, Marine Corps Forces Reserve, provides trained and qualified units and individuals to be available for active duty, in time of war, national emergency, and at other times to protect the nation.
MARFORRES is composed of the following:
•Ready Reserve
•Selected Marine Corps Reserves (SMCR)
•Inactive Ready Reserve (IRR)
•Standby Reserve
Retired Reserve
UNITED STATES ARMY
The U.S. Army is the nation's principal land force. The Army is the largest and oldest branch of the U.S. military with its roots in the Continental Army, which was formed on 14 June 1775.
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