TH211 Midterm Peterson

Terms in this set (48)

The following are four arguments for God's existence:

A. Cosmological Argument for God "cause and effect or 1st cause"
- God is only noncontingent reality (take away and makes difference); Big Bang (what caused?), " how did anything get here"; everything in universe has a cause, therefore this universe must have had a 1st cuase; Problems-a godless universe is compatible w/entire scientific research

B. Teleological Argument for God "inteligent design"
- "how did that watch get there?" the complex order of universe (or humans) requires an orderer and skilled Creator; looks at the world around us (natural theology w/general revelation) Problems-argument based on probability, we are just really lucky to be here

C. Ontological Argument for God Version 1 Island Theory
1)We have a concept of God as that which nothing greater can be conceived. 2)By definition, that which nothing greater can be conceived must be the best in every possible way (i.e., it must possess the sum of all perfections, or it must have all the great-making properties).3)A thing that exists in reality and in the mind is better than a thing which exists only in the mind.
4)Therefore, existence is a perfection (i.e., existence is a great-making property).
5)Therefore, God must exist.

Ontological Argument for God Version 2
1)We have a concept of God as that which nothing greater can be conceived.2)By definition, that which nothing greater can be conceived must be the best in every possible way (i.e., it must possess the sum of all perfections, or it must have all the great-making properties).3)A thing that necessarily exists in reality and in the mind is better than a thing which exists only in the mind.4)Therefore, necessary existence is a perfection (i.e., necessary existence is a great-making property).5)Therefore, God necessarily exist.

D. Moral Argument for God
All people have a concience and ethics; God exists as source of our sense of right/wrong; Emmanuel KANT opined that we 1)must have freedom for human will or else conscience is a charade, 2)must be human immorality 3)There must be a God

E. Cumulative or Global Argument for God
Many of the arguments for God's existence are partially convincing. However, all of the arguments, when taken together, suggest that it is more plausible that God exists than that God does not.
Divine Attributes of God are all Monotheism, Perfect Love, Self-existent, Creator/Sustainer, Eternal/Everlasting, Omnipotence, Omnipresence, Omniscience, Infinite, Eternal, Immutable?, Impassible?, Truth, Merciful, Righteous/Just, Faithful, Long suffering, Personal, Beyond or inclusive of Gender, Holy, Creative, Love, Humble


Divine Attributes of God, Meanings/Implications 1

Monotheism - God is One; Perfect Love-God never fails to express love and these expressions are perfect for every situation; Self-existent-God requires nothing external to exist and nother can end God's existence; Creator/Sustainer-All life dependent upon god for origination and continuance, Eternal/Everlasting-Nontemporal /Pantemporal

Divine Attributes of God, Meanings/Implications 2

Omnipotence-all powerful,empowerment of others, Omnipresence - God is everywhere; Omniscience-all knowing, Spirit-God is spirit in essential being, Infinite-God is without limit or end; Eternal-God is free from succession of time; Immutable?-God is unchanging and unchangeable in his being (dispassionate);

Divine Attributes of God, Meanings/Implications 3

Impassible?-God does not suffer, to suffer would mean necessary relationship w/creation;Truth-an agreement and consistency with all that is represented by God himself, Merciful-God is compassionate; Righteous/just-God is holy in relationships & His law and actions exactly right; Faithful; God keeps his promises; Long Suffering-God is persistent and patient

Devine Attributes of God, Meanings/Implications 4

Personal-God interacts w/and responds to others, has self-cognizance, will, intellect, self-determination; Beyond or Inclusive of Gender; Holy-perfect moral decisions, w/o stain of sin, perfectly loving; Creative-creator/sustainer, Love-seeks highest good of humans at his own infinite cost; Humble-unselfish concern for welfare of those he loves
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