LSN Unit 6 Exam
Terms in this set (49)
What does a grand jury decide?
whether a person should be indicted
What the Supreme Court did in Brown v. Board of Education
declared segregation in public schools unconstitutional
The right to protection against unreasonable searches and seizures protects us against what?
Illegally obtained evidence being used in court
The right to a fair trial is designed to limit who?
Which Maryland court is most like the Supreme Court?
Maryland Court of Appeals
The Supreme Court case of Gideon v. Wainwright dealt with whose rights?
Rights of the accused
Which Supreme Court case dealt with arrest procedures?
Miranda v. Arizona
The Supreme Court is part of which branch of government?
The Supreme Court case of Tinker v. Des Moines dealt with what amendment to the Constitution?
Police officials refusing to allow a suspect to talk to a lawyer would violate what Supreme Court case?
Miranda v. Arizona
To be found guilty in a criminal case the prosecution must prove what?
That you are guilty beyond a reasonable doubt
What Maryland court hears minor traffic cases?
Maryland District Court
What Supreme Court case dealt with searching students in schools?
New Jersey v. T.L.O.
What is appellate jurisdiction?
The authority of a court to review a decision from a lower court
What is an indictment?
To formally charge a person with a crime
Why are federal judges appointed for life?
So they are free from political influence
A written agreement between two or more parties
What Supreme Court case established the right of judicial review?
Marbury v. Madison
Which Supreme Court case dealt with your 6th Amendment right to a lawyer?
Gideon v. Wainwright
Informing an accused person of the rights is part of what process?
Due process of law
A person who files a civil case (law suit) is called what?
In what Supreme Court case did the court say that students had the right to wear black armbands to school?
Tinker v. Des Moines
What is plea-bargaining?
When you plead guilty to a lesser crime for a reduced sentence
What is a writ of habeas corpus?
A tool used by someone who believes they have been jailed illegally
What Supreme Court case overturned the separate, but equal doctrine in schools?
Brown v. Board of Education
Who represents the government in a criminal case?
What would be violated if a state eliminated lawyers for poor defendants?
Due process of law
A person accused of car theft would first need what before they could be charged with the crime?
To be indicted
In what form of government are personal freedoms restricted?
What is a direct democracy?
When everyone in the community takes part in government
In what form of government do states retain more power than the federal government?
In which form of government do people have the greatest political power?
In which form of government do states have the least power?
In what form of government do the leaders have absolute power?
What is separation of powers?
The division of powers between the three branches of government
Opponents to the Constitution wanted what added to it?
A Bill of Rights
Why id the Constitution a living document?
Because it can be changed when needed
Congress could order the testing of new military weapons because of this clause ...
Why do people join third parties?
Because the other parties do not represent their views
Why is the media the "fourth" branch of government?
Because they influence public opinion
What is the responsibility of citizens who disagree with a law?
Obey and comply with the law
What is the main purpose of an interest group?
To influence government officials
A two part (house or chamber) legislature is called what?
What government body must confirm all presidential appointments?
What government officials are responsible for making laws?
Senators and Representatives
Who is responsible for advising the president?
What government agency is responsible for regulating the airlines?
Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
The president's cabinet is made up of who?
Heads of the major executive departments
What was the decision in the Plessy v. Ferguson case?
Segregation was legal, as long as it was "separate, but equal"