Spelling Rules 2
C says /s/ before what 3 letters?
e, i, or y. (c-s sound)
Two ways to spell /k/ sound at beginning of word?
"c" and "k"- try "c" first
Three letters often doubled at end of one syllable words.
f, l, and s.
"ck" is only used right after....
a short vowel
What is a closed syllable?
syllable that ends in a consonant
What is an open syllable?
syllable that ends in a vowel
Vowel sound in closed syllable is usually...
Vowel sound in an open syllable is usually...
English words don't end in....
i, j, u, or v.
I and O often say their long sound when followed by....
(exception to short vowel sound rule)
G may say /j/ after....
e, i, or y. (g-j sound)
What is a prefix?
A word or letters placed at the beginning of a base word to adjust or qualify its use or meaning.
What is a suffix?
A word or letters placed at the end of a base word to adjust or qualify its use or meaning.
When do you double the ending consonant of a base word?
If the word has 1 syllable, 1 vowel, and 1 consonant at the end (1-1-1 Rule.)
Adding a suffix to a word ending in "y"
Drop the "y" and change it to an "i" unless the suffix begins with "i"
Drop the E rule
when the suffix begins with a vowel.
when to use "tch" for the /ch/ sound
after a short vowel (/ch/)
Two ways to spell /j/ sound at the end of a word
"ge" or "dge"
When to spell /j/ as "dge"
right after a short vowel (/j/)
A synonym for base word
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