20 terms

Phonics Terms

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DIGRAPH
Two letters that represent one sound. There are consonant digraphs and vowel digraphs.sh, ch, th, wh, ew, aw, oo
DIPHTHONG
a special vowel sound in which one of the vowels slides into the other within the same syllable creating a new vowel sound.
oi, oy, ou, ow
BLEND
two or three letter sequences that are blended together- can still hear the individual phonemes

Examples:br, cr, fr, dr, bl, cl, pl, sl, str, sw, st, sk, ct, ld
GRAPHEME
the written representation of a phoneme (sound)

Example: the /f/ phoneme can be represented by the graphemes: ph, f, gh
PHONEME
The smallest unit of speech- 1 sound
/t/ in take
OPEN SYLLABLE
a syllable that ends in a vowel sound, typically long
Examples: ma/jor, few, cow, ze/bra
CLOSED SYLLABLE
a syllable that ends in a consonant sound
Examples: rake, mean/ing
HARD G
The consonant g has two sounds. The hard g sounds like gum. Typically found at the end of words and also before a, o, u.

Examples: game, gap, goat, bug
SOFT G
the consonant g has two sounds. The soft g is like /j/. It is typically found followed by the letters e, i, y

Examples: gypsy, gem, giraffe
HARD C
The consonant c has two sounds. The hard c sounds like cake. It is typically found at the beginning of words and before a, o, u.

Examples: can, cut, cob
SOFT C
the consonant c has two sounds. The soft c sounds like /s/ in civil It is typically found before the letters e and i.

Examples: cent, ceiling, center
R-Controlled Vowel
The r changes the way the vowel before it is pronounced

Examples: bar, fir, her, lure
ONSET
By syllable, the part of the syllable that is the initial consonant sound
Examples: sun/ onset = s
Slide/ onset = sl
RIME
By syllable, the part of the syllable that is composed of the vowel sound and any remaining consonant sounds within that syllable.Examples: tag/ rime= ag
Hat/ rime = at
BLENDING
manipulating phonemes- putting together the individual phonemes to blend and form a word or syllable

Examples: /b/ /i /g/ = big
SEGMENTING
manipulating phonemes- separating the individual phonemes from within a word or syllable

Examples: part = /p/ /ar/ /t/
PHONICS
the study of the relationship between letters and sounds, just one part of a reading program
VOWEL
a speech sound produced by the passage of air through a relatively open vocal tract

Examples: a, e, i, o, u (sometimes y and w)
CONSONANT
a speech sound that constricts the air as it is stopped and released through the vocal tract, teeth mouth, and lips
SYLLABLE
a unit of pronunciation, each syllable ahs one vowel sound, words can be broken into syllables

Examples: ex/am/ple