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World History 18-20
Terms in this set (56)
As a direct result of World War II, what happened to Germany?
Divided into an East and a West. Soviets- East and US-West
What was the purpose of the Warsaw Pact?
The Eastern European states soon followed suit with a military alliance. The soviet and some Eastern European countries.
What is a satellite state?
The Marshall Plan did not intend to exclude the Soviet Union or its economically and politically dependent Eastern European satellite states.
What is the policy of containment?
argued for a policy of containment to keep communism within its existing boundaries and to prevent further Soviet aggressive moves.
Why did the United States and the Soviet Union became rivals after World War II?
Communist and Capitalist distrusted each other
Which was the first area of conflict between Soviet and U.S. political ideals after WWII?
What was the overall purpose of the Marshall Plan? How was it supposed to counter communism?
Restore Economic stability because communism happens in countries with economic crisis
What did the Truman Doctrine do?
The Truman Doctrine said the U.S would provide money to countries that were threatened by communist expansion. Economic Aid to countries threatened by Communism
Which policy did the United States adopt to prevent the spread of communism?
Policy of Containment
Why was the Berlin Wall erected?
The Berlin Wall was created because the Soviets wanted to stop the flow of refugees in Germany.
What is COMECON?
Marshall Plan by founding the Council for Mutual Economic Assistance (COMECON) for the economic cooperation of the Eastern European states. COMECON largely failed
What was the arms race?
the United States and the Soviet Union had become involved in a growing arms race, in which both countries built up their armies and increased the size of their weapons arsenals.
Who led the communists to victory in 1949 in the Chinese civil war?
The Communists, led by Mao Zedong, had built a strong base in northern China.
Who was the Chinese nationalist leader that lost in the Civil War?
The Nationalist government of Chiang Kai-shek
What is the Great Leap Forward and what was the purpose of it?
In 1958 Mao began a more radical program known as the Great Leap Forward. Under this program, more than 700,000 existing collective farms, normally the size of a village, were combined into 26,000 vast communes. More people into Industry
Which event led to improved relations between the United States and China?
President Nixon went to go visit China.
Which government allied with North Korea in its attempt to take over South Korea?
Why did the U.S. consider Cuba a threat? What was the Cuban Missile Crisis? What started it? What military action did President Kennedy do during the crisis? What was agreed upon to end the event?
Having a socialist regime with Communist contacts so close to the mainland 90 miles away. Had ties with the Soviet Union. President Kennedy feared that if he moved openly against Castro, then the Soviets might retaliate by moving against Berlin. As a result, the stage might be set for the two superpowers to engage in a nuclear war. We set up a Naval Blockade.
At the end of World War II, which country refused to end its colonial rule in Vietnam?
France refused, however, to let go of Indochina. This led to a long war in Vietnam.
Why did the United States send troops to Vietnam?
In March 1965, President Johnson sent troops to South Vietnam to keep the Communist regime of North Vietnam from gaining control of South Vietnam.
What did the U.S. government believe would happen if they lost South Vietnam to communism?
If the Communists succeeded in South Vietnam, the argument went, all the other countries in Asia that were freeing themselves from colonial domination would likewise fall (like dominoes) to communism.
Who was the leader of the Communist Party in Vietnam?
Ho Chi Minh
U.S. involvement in the Korean and Vietnam Wars were direct results of which foreign policy?
What event triggered the assassination of Mohandas Gandhi?
The force move of people created Violence. Dividing up Pakistan from India.
What is the significance of Kashmir in India's history?
Religious differences fueled a long-term dispute between India and Pakistan over Kashmir, a territory between the two nations.
What happened to North and South Vietnam by 1975?
By 1975, North Vietnamese Communist armies had forcibly reunited Vietnam and begun the process of rebuilding that shattered land.
What was the Khmer Rouge?
In Cambodia, Pol Pot, leader of the Khmer Rouge, massacred more than 1 million Cambodians. Wan an military Government, getting rid of modern stuff.
What is an intifada? Where and by whom was an intifada done during the 1980s?
During the 1980s, Palestinian Arabs, frustrated by their failure to achieve self-rule, grew more militant. This militancy led to a movement called an intifada , or uprising, in the West Bank and Gaza Strip
What was a long term result of the Six-Day War? Why has this been a long term result?
During this Six-Day War, Israel tripled the size of the territory under its control. As a result, a million Palestinians now lived in areas under Israeli control, most on the West Bank.
Why did Muslim leaders such as the Ayatollah Khomeini oppose the shah of Iran?
The leadership of Reza Shah Pahlavi and revenue from oil helped make Iran a rich country. Iran was also an ally of the United States in the Middle East in the 1950s and 1960s. Religion and Government one thing.
What is Al-Qaeda? Which country did it begin in and where is it primarily based in?
Starts to form in Iran currently in the country of Afghanistan
What has been the relationship between Iran and Iraq?
Relationship of long term conflict
What has been the result of the boundaries drawn up in Africa by the European colonial governments?
Some African leaders believed in the dream of Pan-Africanism—the unity of all black Africans, regardless of national boundaries. In the view of Pan-Africanists, all black African peoples shared a common identity.
After the arrest of African National Congress (ANC) leader Nelson Mandela, how did the ANC respond?
They called for Armed Resistance to white rule in South Africa.
What is the policy of apartheid? What was a key reason it ended?
System that segregated South Africa, Blacks had less right, given little amounts of land. Global pressure.
What are the greatest barriers to African progress?
New Education and Health system
Unequal distribution of wealth
Lack in infrastructure
After the establishment of the Organization of American States (OAS), how did the United States respond in Latin America?
We want to take action against pro communist governments.
Why did relations between Cuba and the United States deteriorate?
Castro starts to take money
What did Colombian peasants do after a failed Marxist revolution and the brutal government reprisals?
They turned to a new cash crop of coca leaves which makes cocaine.
Which group did the U.S. support in Nicaragua?
The Cantras we gave them weapons and money.
What was the Bay of Pigs invasion?
Overthrow Castro in Cuba
What U.S. economic weapon was used against Cuba?
A trading bargo
How did the role of the U.S. government change due to the New Deal?
Our Government has turned in a Welfare State. Unions start to gain strength.
What was the decision in Roe v. Wade?
Supreme States to legalize abortion
What factors led to the women's liberation movement in the United States in the 1960s?
Social and Economic
What was President Nixon's illegal activities named?
Water Gates Scandal
What was the European Economic Community?
Struggling with Economic issues. Free trade throughout Europe.
Who was the leader of Yugoslavia who resisted Stalin's demands?
What was the "Prague Spring"?
Czechoslovakia. Crushed by the Soviet Union
What was de-Stalinization?
To be less violet
In this unit, the term détente referred to what?
Improve relation between US and the Soviets
How did President Jimmy Carter protest the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan?
By Cancelling the Olympics in China
Who was the U.S. general who governed Japan after World War II?
General Douglas Macarthur
What factors led to the "Japanese miracle?"
The establishment of Parliament
Set up a democratic government
Capitalism was promoted.
What were the "Asian Tigers"?
Countries in Asia that experienced Major economic and Industrial growth
Why did Chinese leaders take steps to improve relations with the United States during the 1970s?
They felt threatened by the Soviet Union
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